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Flashcards in Revolution Deck (20):

Meeting of estates general (1789)

A general assembly representing the French estates of the realm, clergy (first estate), nobles (second estate), common people (third estate).
97% of population but only got 1 vote, doubled the representatives but still only have 1 vote


Tennis Court Oath

The third estate called themselves the National Assembly, took the tennis court oath vowing "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established" when not given proper representation


Declaration of the Rights of Man

Passed by France's national Constituent Assembly in 1789 is a fundamental document of the French Revolution and history of human and civil rights


Fall of Bastille

Political prison in Paris, represented royal authority. Contained only 7 inmates at the time, get hands on many weapons and the revolution became violent. Symbol of the tierany of the government has been torn down, creates a collective consciousness they can have some power. Helps to unify the history of the French people.


The Great Fear

A period of panic and riot by peasants and others amid rumours of an "aristocratic conspiracy" by the king and the privileged to over throw the third estate.


Women's March to Versailles (oct 4, 1789)

A crowd of women demanding bread for their families gathered and marched toward Versailles demanding to see the baker, bakers wife, bakers boy. King agreed to meet with some men and women, promised to distribute all bread in Versailles to the crowd


The civil constitution of the clergy

Law passed on the 12th of July, 1790 during the French Revolution. The subordinated the Roman Catholic Church in France to the French Government. The French were no longer loyal to their king or the church or a local nobleman, they were now loyal to the nation and the ideas of Liberty and equality


Role of sans-culottes

A prominent political group that consisted of the working class, a great many who became radical and militant partisans of the French Revolution in response to their poor quality of life under the ancient regime. Forcing change through threats and violence, believed all men were equal each citizen would one piece of property. Despised indulgent wealth aristocrats, food should be given to small workshops, called for radical republic based on direct democracy, tax on rich


Wars in defence of the Revolution

Series of sweeping military conflicts resulting from the French Revolution. Pitted the French first republican against Britain, Austria, and several other monarchies. Began from increasing political pressure on king Louis XVl of France to prove his loyalty to the new direction France was taking.


Execution of Louis XVI

Is convicted of conspiracy with foreign powers and sentenced to death by the French National Convention. King Louis XVI is executed by guillotine in the place de la Revolution in Paris, put on trial for treason by the national convention


Reign of terror

Period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution. Civil war was spreading from the vendee and hostile armies surrounding France on all sides. Revolutionary government made "terror" and to take harsh measures against those suspected of being enemie of the Revolution (nobles, priests)


Social structure

First Estate: clergy
Second estate: aristocrat
Third estate: common people


Significance of storming the Bastille

It was the single event that captured the people's of France imagination and inspired them to take action against the monarchy


Coffee Houses

Spaces for social networking used the mass media: books, pamphlets, and newspapers to spread their ideas. Functioned as information exchanges for writers, politicians, businessmen and scientists. The information is unreliable and simply gossip



Believed that there was virtue in the common man, and that he was enslaved by a social order controlled by the elite. This greatly influenced the Revolution as it gave people the belief that they had power and it gave room for change



A champion of human rights, the use of reason and the rule of law and argued against blind beliefs and superstition. This influenced the Revolution because voltaires ideas were inspirational in establishing the separation of state and religion


Napoleons significant achievements

Wartime victories to strengthen national pride, modernized government, foundations for public education, rule of law



Were thinkers of the French Enlightenment, contemplated the real problems of the world


Conservative Nationalism

A desire to go back to the old ways, the ways that prevailed before Napoleon took over and started making reforms


Liberal Nationalism

When people wanted more, they wanted true self-government