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English - IB MYP 3-4 > Rhetoric > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rhetoric Deck (28)
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Glossophobia

The fear of public speaking

1

Rhetoric

The art of effective and persuasive speaking

2

Art

Something that you learn that requires skill

3

Persuasive

A speaking style used to convince people that your idea is best

4

Effective

Does what it's supposed to do

5

Alliteration

A repetition of individual consonant sound "Power Point Presentation" "Mad Men" "Pointless Position Points" it gives the effect of emphasis to the words in the speech

6

Amplification

Repeating a word or expression while adding more detail to it to emphasise it "This orchard, this shady orchard, is the reason I bought this property" It adds extra detail and importance as well as an emotional element to the phrase

7

Anaphora

The deliberate repetition of a word or phrase "we shall fight, we shall go, we shall repeat" the effect it has is that it highlights feelings of the speaker and shows the importance of the word or phrase

8

Rhetorical question

A question that does not really need to be answered but is used to give emphasis and to leave the audience thinking

9

Pitch

How high or low the voice is.

10

Orator

A person who makes public speeches regularly

11

Tone

Quality of the voice

12

Ethos

The speaker

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Pathos

The audience

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Logos

The Message

15

Antithesis

Balancing one word against another, love - hate. It gives the speaker a sense of balance to their comment and enables the listener to understand both sides.

16

Diacope

Repetition of a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase. It gives the effect of further emphasis and it shows importance, significance and engages the audience. We will do it I tell you, we will do it!!

17

Epanalepsis

Repeats the beginning word of a sentence at the end. Our eyes saw it but we could not believe our eyes. It gives strong emphasis and shows you are paying special attention to it.

18

Epistrophe

Opposite of anaphora, the repetition of the word comes at the end. The reason is stubbed, honestly it's stubbed, forever are stubbed. It shows emphasis on the last word

19

Hyperbole

The opposite of understatement. Totally exaggerating. "This is a million times worse." You can't use it to exaggerate everything or it will lose its effect

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P in PATEM

Purpose

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A in PATEM

Audience

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T in PATEM

Technique

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E in PATEM

Emotion

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M in PATEM

Message

25

Metaphor

Used to make a relationship between 2 different things to create an image to explain something. Used to create a relationship and to persuade the listener by saying a topic is familiar with something else without using like or as

26

Syllogism

A type of argument used to get a conclusion from 2 premises. It persuades the listener and emphasises the logic in an argument. It consists of a major premise a minor premise and conclusion. No reptiles have fur, all snakes are reptiles, no snakes have fur.

27

Zeugma

Linking 2 or more parts of a speech with another example using a semicolon. It is used to show relationships between actions and ideas. Fred excelled at sports; Harvey at eating; Tom with girls.