Rhetorical Devices Flashcards Preview

English 3AP > Rhetorical Devices > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rhetorical Devices Deck (30):
1

Abstract

(noun) an abbreviated synopsis of a longer work of scholarship or research

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Ad Hominem

(logical fallacy) directed to or appealing to feelings or prejudices instead of to intellect or reason *attacks speaker, not what they're saying

3

Ambiguity

(noun) multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage

4

Allegory

(noun) device of using character(s) and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction (addition to literal meaning)

5

Alliteration

(noun) repetition of sounds, especially initial consonants in two or more neighboring words; reinforce meaning, unify ideas, supply a musical sound

6

Anecdote

(noun) very short tale told by a character in a literary novel

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Antecedent

(pronoun) word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun

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Anaphora

(noun) one of the devices of repetition, in which the same expression is repeated at the beginning or two or more lines, clauses, or sentences

9

Asyndeton

(noun) consists of omitting conjunctions between word, phrases, or clauses

10

Polysyndeton

(noun) stylistic device in which several conjunctions are used in order to achieve an artistic effect

11

Antithesis

(noun) figure of balance in which two contrasting ideas are intentionally juxtaposed, usually through parallel structure; contrasting of opposing ideas in adjacent phrases, clauses, or sentences

12

Testimony

(noun) formal written or spoken statement, especially given in a court of law; evidence or proof provided by the existence of appearance of something

13

Deductive Reasoning

(noun) process of reasoning using strong premises/claims to reach a logical conclusion; if the premises are valid, then the reasoning will be valid

14

Inductive Reasoning

(noun) reasoning that takes specific info and makes a broader generalization that is considered probable, allowing for the fact that the conclusion may not be accurate

15

Euphemism

(noun) more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept

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Extended Metaphor

(noun) metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work

17

Homily

(noun) literally "sermon" but informally or lecture involving moral/spiritual advice

18

Atmosphere

(noun) emotional mood created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and partly by the author's choice of objects that are described

19

Diacope

(noun) repetition of a word/phrase after an intervening word/phrase

20

Hypophora, Antipophora

(noun) where author asks a question and the answers it

21

Litotes

(noun) figure of speech which employs an understatement by using double negatives

22

Paradox

(noun) statement that appears to e self-contradicting but contains some truth

23

Parallelism

(noun) grammatical/rhetorical framing of words/phrases/sentences/paragraphs to give some structural similarity

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Prose

(noun) non/fiction in which the printer determines the length of the line * generally in poetry

25

Epistrophe

(noun) device of repetition in which the same expression is repeated at the end of two or more lines * opposite of anaphora

26

Semantics

(noun) branch of linguistics that studies words (meanings, development, connotations, relation to one another)

27

Metaphor

(noun) figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without the use of comparison words

28

Implied Metaphor

(noun) does not state explicitly that the two terms of the comparison

29

Dead Metaphor

(noun) overused metaphor that is no longer vivid

30

Local Color

(noun) term applied to fiction or poetry which tends to place special emphasis on a particular setting, including its customs, clothing, dialect, and landscape