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English Rhetoric Devices > Rhetorical Devices > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rhetorical Devices Deck (23)
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Alliteration

Definition: Repetition of same initial consonant sound or any vowel sound

Effect: Beauty of sound & emphasis

1

Allusion

Definition: Reference to a generally famous person, place, or thing

Effect: Evoke an atmosphere/period in history

2

Ambiguity

Definition: When a word or passage can be understand two ways

Effect: Irony/humour or suggesting complexity of experience

3

Antithesis

Definition: Balance of two opposite/contrasting words, phrases, clauses

Effect: Development by contrast

"God is love but what a devil love is"

4

Assonance

Definition: Repetition of internal vowel sounds

Effect: Beauty of sound & emphasis

5

Balance

Definition: Sentence with 2 distinct halves of same length & importance

Effect: Powerful structure?

6

Clause

Definition: Contains subject & predicament.

Independent stands on its own & dependent does not.

7

Colloquial

Definition: Language that appears more in speech than in writing (mofo)

Effect: Entertaining, flavourful, informal

8

Complex Sentence

Definition: Sentence with independent clause & at least one dependant clause

9

Connotation

Definition: Feelings & attitudes aroused by a word

Effect: Sheds negative or positive light on a certain subject

10

Consonance

Definition: Repetition of internal consonant sounds

Effect: Harmonious

11

Cumulative Sentence

Definition: Starts with general statement, then expands into a series of particulars

Effect: A means of description & imagery

12

Figure of speech

Definition: Includes metaphor, simile, personification, alliteration, assonance, irony, metonymy

Effect: Stylistic rather than straightforward or plain

13

Imagery

Definition: Appeal to touch, smell, taste, hearing & sight constructed with words

Effect: Reader can visualize what author is seeing or feeling etc

14

Interrupted Movement

Definition: Used in formal writing where a normal word order is interrupted (Jaidyn, as we have seen, has curly hair) Interrupted by a clause

Effect: Variation on typical sentence structure

15

Irony

Definition: Use of words to mean something other than on the surface

Effect: Creates surprise, emphasis

16

Metaphor

Definition: Implied comparison between 2 things that seem different

Effect: Vivid, makes a clear point

17

Parallel Structure

Definition: Two or more words/phrases are related in the same way to the same word/words.

Effect: Sustain a mood, suggest rapid action

18

Periodic Sentence

Definition: Sentence that delays expression of a complete thought until the end

Effect: Emphasis through sentence structure, variation

19

Personification

Definition: Ideas, animals or things are given human attribute

Effect: Relate on a human level, emphasizes importance

20

Symbol

Definition: Exists as something tangible but also as something greater than itself - ideal, belief.

Effect: Like metaphor, makes a clear point

21

Tone

Definition: Attitude toward subject & reader

Effect: Desired effect on reader expressed through tone

22

Understatement

Definition: Play down something of importance

Effect: Calls attention to the subject=emphasis