Rhetorical Terms List 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Rhetorical Terms List 2 Deck (25)
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1

An argument that attacks the integrity of an opponent rather than the issue.

ad hominem argument

2

Comparison to explain one thing by likening it to another.

Analogy

3

A brief narrative offered in a text to capture attention or support a claim.

Anecdote

4

Appeal to ethics

Appeal to ethos

5

Appeal to logic

Appeal to logos

6

Appeal to emotion rather than strict reason

Appeal to pathos

7

Situation that results when a writer or speaker constructs an argument on an unaccepted assumption

Begging the question

8

Relationship express big that if X is the cause, then Y is the effect

Causal relationship

9

Word or expression only acceptable for informal use

Colloquialism

10

The final paragraph or paragraphs that sum up and wrap up an essay

Conclusion

11

The implication of emotion of a word not the literal definition

Connotation

12

Rhetorical principle that requires stress given to important elements in an essay

Emphasis

13

A short prose discussion of a single topic

Essay

14

Less offensive substitute for an unpleasant concept

Euphemism

15

Instance representative of an idea that illustrates it

Example

16

Statement that asserts a broad truth based upon a knowledge of specific cases

Generalization

17

Errors in reasoning used by speakers or writers

Logical fallacy

18

Two different attitudes towards writing. Objective has no bias. Subjective has bias.

Objective and subjective writing

19

Side issue introduced into an argument to distract from the main argument

Red herring

20

Involves bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule someone or something

Sarcasm

21

The use of wit and humor to ridicule societal problems and to inspire change

Satire

22

Expressing in an independent clause, phrase, or single word any idea that is not significant enough to be expressed in a main clause or an independent sentence

Subordination

23

Reflection of the writer’s attitude towards the subject

Tone

24

Deliberately represent something as less than what it is to stress its magnitude

Understatement

25

Presence or sound of self chosen by the author

Voice