Flashcards in Rheumatology: Osteoarthritis Deck (5)
What are the symptoms of osteoarthritis?
Pain with use, improved with rest; Stiffness; Relative preservation of function; Rarely significant symptoms before age 40; Lack of systemic symptoms
What are the signs of osteoarthritis?
Localized joint tenderness; Bony enlargement; Crepitance; Restricted movement; Variable swelling and/or instability
What are the typical findings of synovial fluid analysis in osteoarthritis?
Type I fluid, with 200-2000 WBCs; 25% polymorphonuclear leukocytes; normal viscosity; Negative crystal exam; Normal Glucose
What are the typical X-ray features of osteoarthritis?
"Gull wing" changes in the interphalangeal joints; Medial compartment disease of the knee; Horizontal osteophytes of the spine; Hallux valgus (bunion deformity of the great toe) without other metatarsal disease