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Flashcards in RI 2 Deck (26):
1

Imperialism

One country's domination over another country's economic, political, and cultural institutions

2

Historical globalization

A period that is identified as beginning in 1493, when Christopher Columbus made his first Voyage to the Caribbean, and ending after WW2, when the US and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers

3

Mercantilism

A policy followed by European imperial powers from the 16th to the 19th century. In colonies, trade was strictly controlled to benefit the economy of the imperial power

4

Capitalism

An economic system that advocates free trade, competition, and choice as a means of achieving prosperity

5

Grand exchange

A trading process that began when Christopher Columbus brought seeds, fruit trees, and livestock to the Americas, where they were cultivated and became staples. In return, native North American species were exported to Europe. This exchange expanded to include different countries and products around the world.

6

Industrial revolution

The period between about 1750 and 1850, when work became merchandised and began to occur in factories. The IR brought about dramatic economic, social and cultural change

7

Legacy

Something hat has been passed on by those who lived in the past

8

Ethnocentrism

A word that combines ethnic and centre, it refers to a way of thinking that centres on one's own race and culture, ethnocentric people believe that their worldview is the only valid one

9

Eurocentrism

A form of ethnocentrism that uses European ethnic, national, religious, and linguistic criteria to judge other peoples and their cultures

10

Depopulation

A reduction in population caused by natural or human-made forces

11

Deindustrialuzation

The reduction in or loss of industries

12

Gross domestic product (GDP)

The value of all the goods and services a country produces in a year. GDP is often used to measure the strength of a country's economy

13

Indian Act

First passed by the Canadian Parliament in 1876 and amended several times since then, this act continues to define who is and is not a status Indian. Early versions of the act banned some traditional practices of FN cultures and allowed only those who renounced Indian status to vote in federal elections

14

Status Indian

A FN person who is registered according to the provision of the Indian Act and is therefore eligible to receive specific benefits

15

Residential schools

Boarding schools where FN children's were gathered to live, work, and study. These schools were operated or subsidized by the Canadian government as an important element of the government's assimilation policy. The last residential school closed in 1996.

16

Cultural mosaic

A society that is made up of many distinct cultural groups

17

Multiculturalism

An official Canadian government policy founded in the idea that Canadian society is pluralistic (made of many culturally distinct groups who are free to affirm and promote their own cultural identity)

18

Cultural pluralism

The idea that a variety of people's are free to affirm and promote their customs, traditions, beliefs, and language within a society

19

Quiet Revolution

A period of intense social, political, and economic change in Quebec. During this period, which lasted from about 1960-66, québécois began to assert their rights and affirm and promote their language and culture

20

Genocide

The mass killing of human beings, especially a targeted group of people

21

Gacaca courts

Community courts established in Rwanda to try low-level officials and ordinary people accused of taking part in the Rwandan genocide. The purpose of these courts was to speed up the process of bringing to justice those who had participated in the genocide and to encourage reconciliation

22

Apartheid

An Afrikaans word that refers to a policy of segregating and discriminating against non-whites in South Africa

23

Enemy aliens

A label assigned during WW1 and WW2 to people from countries that were at war with Canada. The rights of enemy aliens were sometimes restricted and some were even interned in camps

24

Non-governmental organization

An organization established by groups of people to work towards specific goals and to gain public support in achievement these goals. NGOs depend on volunteer workers and donations, but they may also receive grants or contracts from governments. They may influence government policies at national and international levels

25

Foreign aid

Money, supplies, and other goods, as well as expertise, given by one country to another

26

Gross national income (GNI)

The amount of money earned by everyone in a country