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Flashcards in Rights and Responsibilities Deck (45)
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1

Discrimination

Treating a person or group of people unfairly on the basis of their sex, gender or race.

2

Fairness

Treating people equally and according to the circumstances.

3

The Equality and Human Rights Commission

An independent statutory body established to help eliminate discrimination, reduce inequality and protect human rights.

4

Justice

Behaviour or treatment that is morally right and fair.

5

European Arrest Warrant

A system within the European Union that allows a police force in one country to request a police force in another to arrest some and extradite them.

6

Barristers

Graduates who become specialist in a narrow aspect of the law and are employed by solicitors on behalf of their clients who represent them.

7

Chief Constable

The chief police officer within each regional police force.

8

Civil Law

The type of law that deals with disputes between individuals where damages are awarded.

9

Criminal Law

The type of law where individuals are charged by the state with an offence and if found guilty are punished by the state.

10

Crown Prosecution Service

An independent government body that determines whether charges should be brought. They prosecute cases in the courts on behalf of the state.

11

Judiciary

The part of the UK system of governance that is responsible for its legal system and that consists of all the judges in its courts of law.

12

Legal Executives

Legally qualified specialists employed largely by solicitors.

13

Magistrates

Part-time community volunteers who determine verdicts and sentences in local Magistrates' Courts.

14

Police and Community Support Officers

Local employed uniformed staff who help the police in local communities. They do not have police powers.

15

Queen's Counsel

Barristers may apply to become QC's, or KC's if there is a king on the throne. This is recognition that they have become experts in their specialist field.

16

Solicitors

Mainly graduates who cover a range of legal work both civil and criminal and have to be formally qualified.

17

Special Constables

Volunteers who help the police on a part-time basis in their local community. They do not have police powers.

18

Human Rights Act (HRA)

Passed in 1998 and came into force in 2000. This Act brought together numerous pieces of human rights legislation and enabled UK citizens easier access to the European Court of Human Rights.

19

Magna Carta

Known as the Great Charter, signed by King john in 1215. It established the rights and powers of the King and the people of England.

20

Common Law

Law based upon judges' rulings in court.

21

Legislation

Or statute law; laws passed by Parliament.

22

Employers' Association

Industry or regionally based bodies that seek to represent the interests of groups of employers.

23

Trades Union Congress (TUC)

A national body representing most trade unions in the UK.

24

Trade Unions

Legally recognised groups of workers or those in the same profession who negotiate on behalf of their members and fight to establish rights in the workplace.

25

Secondary Action

When a worker not directly involved in a trade dispute takes action to support other workers.

26

Strike

The withdrawal of one's labour, refusing to work.

27

Recorded Crime

Crimes that are reported to and recorded by the police.

28

Aggravating Circumstances

Something makes a crime more serious.

29

Custodial

A sentence that involves imprisonment.

30

Deterrence

Use of sentencing to prevent the offender and others committing the offence.