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Citizenship Studies - Rights and Responsibilities > Politics and Participation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Politics and Participation Deck (70)
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1

Anarchy

A system where no form of government operates. When there is a total breakdown in society, for example, after a civil war a state of anarchy is said to exist.

2

Dictatorship

Rule by one person or group. This group is all-powerful. Often associated with a military takeover of a state.

3

One-Party State

A state where only one political party exists and runs the country; often associated with a communist form of government, for example, North Korea.

4

Theocracy

Where religious leaders run the state. An example is Iran.

5

Democracy

A system of government based upon the consent of the people through an open and fair electoral system, where electors can choose from competing political parties or groups.

6

Direct Democracy

A system of government where all citizens take part in decision-making. A modern form of direct democracy is the use of referendums.

7

Liberal Democracy

A system of government based upon representative democracy and linked to freedoms and rights for citizens.

8

Representative Democracy

A system of government where citizens are elected to represent others in an assembly. A UK example would be an MP or councillor.

9

Freedom

The ability to act, speak or think as one thinks.

10

Responsibility

The state of fact of having to do something.

11

Right

A moral or legal entitlement to have or do something.

12

Bicameral

The name given to a parliament made up of two chambers, like the UK system with the House of Commons and the House of Lords.

13

Civil Service

Employees of the state who administer our public policy.

14

Legislature

A body normally elected that decides upon the laws that apply to a state. In the UK, Parliament is the legislature; in the USA, Congress is the legislature.

15

Manifesto

A document produced by a political party at the time of an election outlining the policies it would like to introduce.

16

The Monarchy

A system of hereditary power, which is passed down a family line. In the UK we have a constitutional monarchy, where the head of state is the monarch, but most of their powers have been transferred to the government and the monarch is seen as a neutral national symbol. Currently the monarch is Queen Elizabeth II. Her son Charles is next in line to the throne. A constitutional monarch has limited power and works within the constitution of their country.

17

The Prime Minister

Is the head of government in the UK, the monarch is Head of State. In the USA, the President holds both posts. The Prime Minister is normally the leader of the largest party in the House of Commons and is an MP. He or she is appointed by the monarch after a General Election. They have the title First Lord of the Treasury.

18

Central Government

Term used to describe the government of the United Kingdom.

19

Devolution

The transfer of power from a greater to a lesser body.

20

Tiers

Another term for levels of government.

21

Ultra Vires

Acting beyond your legal power or authority.

22

Devolved and Reserved Powers

Devolved powers are those transferred by the UK government to the devolved governments. Reserved powers are those which are still held by the UK government.

23

Devolved Powers

Name given to the bodies created under the policy of devolution: e.g. the Scottish Parliament.

24

General Election

An election when the entire UK Parliament is elected. Elections are held after a fixed five-year period after the previous election.

25

Local Elections

Elections held for councillors to local councils, held on a fixed date in May after the fixed term of office has expired.

26

The Electoral Commission

A government-established body that monitors and oversees all UK elections and referendums.

27

Voter Apathy

A lack of interest by citizens in the electoral and political process.

28

Voter Turnout

The percentage of voters who do vote against the total number who are registered to vote.

29

Autumn Statement

An annual statement made by the Chancellor of the Exchequer to the House of Commons about the spending plans of the government.

30

Budget

An annual statement made by the Chancellor of the Exchequer to the House of Commons about the taxation policy for the forthcoming year.