Flashcards in Politics and Participation Deck (70)
A system where no form of government operates. When there is a total breakdown in society, for example, after a civil war a state of anarchy is said to exist.
Rule by one person or group. This group is all-powerful. Often associated with a military takeover of a state.
A state where only one political party exists and runs the country; often associated with a communist form of government, for example, North Korea.
Where religious leaders run the state. An example is Iran.
A system of government based upon the consent of the people through an open and fair electoral system, where electors can choose from competing political parties or groups.
A system of government where all citizens take part in decision-making. A modern form of direct democracy is the use of referendums.
A system of government based upon representative democracy and linked to freedoms and rights for citizens.
A system of government where citizens are elected to represent others in an assembly. A UK example would be an MP or councillor.
The ability to act, speak or think as one thinks.
The state of fact of having to do something.
A moral or legal entitlement to have or do something.
The name given to a parliament made up of two chambers, like the UK system with the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
Employees of the state who administer our public policy.
A body normally elected that decides upon the laws that apply to a state. In the UK, Parliament is the legislature; in the USA, Congress is the legislature.
A document produced by a political party at the time of an election outlining the policies it would like to introduce.
A system of hereditary power, which is passed down a family line. In the UK we have a constitutional monarchy, where the head of state is the monarch, but most of their powers have been transferred to the government and the monarch is seen as a neutral national symbol. Currently the monarch is Queen Elizabeth II. Her son Charles is next in line to the throne. A constitutional monarch has limited power and works within the constitution of their country.
The Prime Minister
Is the head of government in the UK, the monarch is Head of State. In the USA, the President holds both posts. The Prime Minister is normally the leader of the largest party in the House of Commons and is an MP. He or she is appointed by the monarch after a General Election. They have the title First Lord of the Treasury.
Term used to describe the government of the United Kingdom.
The transfer of power from a greater to a lesser body.
Another term for levels of government.
Acting beyond your legal power or authority.
Devolved and Reserved Powers
Devolved powers are those transferred by the UK government to the devolved governments. Reserved powers are those which are still held by the UK government.
Name given to the bodies created under the policy of devolution: e.g. the Scottish Parliament.
An election when the entire UK Parliament is elected. Elections are held after a fixed five-year period after the previous election.
Elections held for councillors to local councils, held on a fixed date in May after the fixed term of office has expired.
The Electoral Commission
A government-established body that monitors and oversees all UK elections and referendums.
A lack of interest by citizens in the electoral and political process.
The percentage of voters who do vote against the total number who are registered to vote.
An annual statement made by the Chancellor of the Exchequer to the House of Commons about the spending plans of the government.