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Flashcards in Robert Owen Deck (16)
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1

When and where was Robert Owen born?

Newtown, wales on May 14th 1771

2

At what age did Robert Owen leave school and what did he do?

At 9, developed early and learned business principles rapidly in London and Manchester.

3

In what year did Robert Owen purchase the mills at New Lanark, Scotland?

1799.

4

What did the mills at New Lanark become famous for?

Fine work produced high reward for the well-being of approximately 2,000 employees (several hundred were poor children).

5

She did Robert attack religion?

In 1817 at a meeting, lost him some admirers.

6

What did Robert do to financially support his grand educational plans?

In 1809 he planned 2 large buildings, “The New institute for the formation of character” and the “school for children”.

7

What happened in 1813 about the mills being put up for sale by his business partners?

With the help of new investors (who were sympathetic to his ideas on education etc.) Robert was successful in is bid to retain ownership of the mills.

8

What lifestyle did Robert advocate?

Utopian Socialism.

9

Where did Robert sponsored/encourage an experimental “utopian” community?

New Harmony Indiana, U.S.A

10

What did Robert write?

“The New Moral World”, on ideas he first developed in 1826. Here he perceived the industry and responsibility which made New Lanark successful (was not in New Harmony).

11

What book did Robert write on advocating exchanging goods for labour rather than money to relieve unemployment?

“The Crisis” 1832.

12

When was the equitable labour exchange founded?

1832

13

What happened to the equitable labour exchange?

It failed but led to the chartist and Rochdale movements

14

What caused The Grand National Consolidated Trades Union to be formed in 1833?

Labour unrest further fed on Owenite tenants.

15

How many workers did the GNCTU rally?

Half a million

16

What did the GNCTU do?

Fostered new tactics such as the general strike but fell apart within a few months.