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Flashcards in RSA Deck (31)
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1

Motto

!ke e: !xarra IIke = Unity in Diversity

2

Capitals

Pretoria (executive) Bloemfontein (judicial) Cape Town (Legislative)

3

Largest city

Johannesburg

4

Ethnic divisions

79.5 % Black 9% White 9% Coloured 2.5% Asian

5

Type of gvt

Constitutional parliamentary republic

6

President

Jacob Zuma

7

Deputy President

Kgalema Motlanthe

8

National Assembly speaker

Max Sisulu

9

Chief Justice

Mogoeng Mogoeng

10

Currency

Rand (ZAR)

11

Population

~50 million

12

Parliament

Upper House: National Council of Provinces. Lower House: National Assembly

13

Independence from UK

Union: 31 May 1910. Statute of Westminster: 11/12/1931. Republic: 31/05/1961

14

Oldest Archeological and human fossil sites

Cradle of Humankind

15

1487

Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias became first European to reach southern Africa. Dec. 4th landed at Walfisch Bay

16

1652

Jan van Riebeeck established a refreshment station in the Cape of Good Hope, to become Cape Town for the Dutch East India Company

17

Cape Frontier Wars

Dutch settlers expanding east met migrating Xhosa people in the Fish River region. Wars fought over land and livestock.

18

Anglo-Boer War

Boers and British fought over control of SA's mineral wealth, i.e. diamonds in the 19th C

19

Boers

original Dutch, Flemish, German, and French settlers

20

1806

Cape Town became a British colony

21

1795

British take over Cape of Good Hope area to prevent it from becoming French

22

1803

British returned Cape Town to the Dutch, but DEIC soon declared bankruptcy

23

1807

Slave Trade Act by Brit Parliament

24

1833

Slavery Abolition Act

25

1867

Discovery of Diamonds

26

1884

discovery of gold

27

Mineral Revolution

discovery of diamonds and gold increased econ. growth and immigration. Intensified European-SAn subjugation of indigenous people

28

First Boer war

1880-1881 guerrilla warfare, boer republics resisted British encroachments

29

Second Boer War

1899-1902 British returned in greater numbers anmd new strategy, were successful despite attrition.

30

Apartheid

Legally institutionalized segregation, three racial classes, white, coloured, and black.