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Flashcards in RTS - eyes Deck (16):

Treatment options for bacterial conjunctivitis (& dosage)

Antibiotics - chloramphenicol drops or ointments -5 days treatment .
first 2 days - 1-2 drops every 2 hours
remaining 3 days - 4 times a day

(ointment) -
apply 4 times a day for 5 days


What do antibiotic eye drops do?

Stop the growth of bacteria on the surface of the eye


What is:
- The brand of antibiotic eye drops
- Storage instructions
- Licensing

store in fridge
licensed for people above age of 2


What are alternative treatment options for bacterial conjunctivitis?

Propamidine drops (brolene or golden eye)


when should bacterial eye drops not be used?

- In people who permanently wear contact lenses
- Blood dycrasias
- taking medicines affecting bone marrow


What is advice for people who wear contact lenses on taking antibiotic eye drops?

remove contacts during treatment and wait 24 hours after ending treatment to put back in


What are treatment options for allergic conjunctivitis?

Topical mast cell stabiliser sodium cromoglicate eye drops (BRAND = OPTICROM)


Why are eye drops better for allergic conjunctivitis?

they stop the release of histamine in mast cells


what is the dosage and licensing for allergic eye drops

use in patients >12 years and up to 4 times a day when required


Give examples of antihistamine eye drops for allergic conjunctivitis and what they do

Antazoline / Xylometazoline (e.g. otrivine - antistin) - sympathomimetic - act lik decongestents to dry up secretions


how long can antihistamine eye drops be used for and license?

5 days
licensed for >5 years old


What are treatment options for viral conjunctivitis?

No specific treatment - supportive therapies e.g hot/cold compress, eye drops for symptoms


Give examples of treatments for specific symptoms of viral conjunctivitis

- Decongestants to reduce surface swelling
- antihistamines reduce itching
- vasoconstrictors to whiten the eye


What are the symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis? (6)

- one/both eyes- one eye first
- sticky, yellow/green
- gritty, sore, uncomfortable
- generalised & diffused redness
- no other symptoms
- 2-3 days it lasts


Symptoms of viral conjunctivitis? (6)

Both eyes
- Watery discharge
- gritty, uncomfortable
- generalised redness
- Cough & cold symptoms aswell
- 1-2 weeks


Symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis? (6)

-both eyes
- clear watery discharge
- itching
- generalised redness
- associated with - allergic rhinitis, eczema, asthma, sensitivity to light
- variable duration