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Flashcards in RTS - eyes Deck (16):
1

Treatment options for bacterial conjunctivitis (& dosage)

Antibiotics - chloramphenicol drops or ointments -5 days treatment .
first 2 days - 1-2 drops every 2 hours
remaining 3 days - 4 times a day

(ointment) -
apply 4 times a day for 5 days

2

What do antibiotic eye drops do?

Stop the growth of bacteria on the surface of the eye

3

What is:
- The brand of antibiotic eye drops
- Storage instructions
- Licensing

Optrex
store in fridge
licensed for people above age of 2

4

What are alternative treatment options for bacterial conjunctivitis?

Propamidine drops (brolene or golden eye)

5

when should bacterial eye drops not be used?

- In people who permanently wear contact lenses
- Blood dycrasias
- taking medicines affecting bone marrow

6

What is advice for people who wear contact lenses on taking antibiotic eye drops?

remove contacts during treatment and wait 24 hours after ending treatment to put back in

7

What are treatment options for allergic conjunctivitis?

Topical mast cell stabiliser sodium cromoglicate eye drops (BRAND = OPTICROM)

8

Why are eye drops better for allergic conjunctivitis?

they stop the release of histamine in mast cells

9

what is the dosage and licensing for allergic eye drops

use in patients >12 years and up to 4 times a day when required

10

Give examples of antihistamine eye drops for allergic conjunctivitis and what they do

Antazoline / Xylometazoline (e.g. otrivine - antistin) - sympathomimetic - act lik decongestents to dry up secretions

11

how long can antihistamine eye drops be used for and license?

5 days
licensed for >5 years old

12

What are treatment options for viral conjunctivitis?

No specific treatment - supportive therapies e.g hot/cold compress, eye drops for symptoms

13

Give examples of treatments for specific symptoms of viral conjunctivitis

- Decongestants to reduce surface swelling
- antihistamines reduce itching
- vasoconstrictors to whiten the eye

14

What are the symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis? (6)

- one/both eyes- one eye first
- sticky, yellow/green
- gritty, sore, uncomfortable
- generalised & diffused redness
- no other symptoms
- 2-3 days it lasts

15

Symptoms of viral conjunctivitis? (6)

Both eyes
- Watery discharge
- gritty, uncomfortable
- generalised redness
- Cough & cold symptoms aswell
- 1-2 weeks

16

Symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis? (6)

-both eyes
- clear watery discharge
- itching
- generalised redness
- associated with - allergic rhinitis, eczema, asthma, sensitivity to light
- variable duration