Flashcards in Rulings Of Shariah Deck (18)
Allah's ahkaam (commands) are devided into three. What are they?
1. aqaid (theology, creed)
What is Aqaid?
Subject dealing with commands related to fundamentals and subsidiary matters of belief, creed and dogma.
What is fiqh?
Subject which deals with the commands related to the method and details of practice.
What is tasawwuf?
Deals with the commands which crush vile manners and developing excellent character.
Aka taskiyah (purification) and ihsan (improvement)
What does fiqh mean literally?
What does fiqh mean according to islam or its technical meaning?
Collection of ruling from quran and sunnah related to the external actions of humans.
This does not only refer to individuals but the actions of society collectively.
Subject matter of fiqh?
External actions of humans
Benefit of studying fiqh?
Enables one to practice according to the rulings of shariah.
Who is the founder of fiqh?
Imam Abu Hanifah (rA)
He compiled all the fiqh rules in a book whereas the one who brought these rulings to us was Prophet Muhammad saws.
As we believe Islam is a way of life. Therefore fiqh relates to every single actions of ours. How is fiqh chategorized?
2. Social issues
5. Peace and war
In worship what does fiqh deal with?
5 pillars of islam: zakah, salaah, hajj, sawm and tawheed
What are the social issues that fiqh deals with?
Living together in groups, i.e. conditions of marriage and divorce etc
In transactions what does fiqh deal with?
Commercial dealings, transactions e.g. Buying and selling
How does fiqh deal with politics?
Deals with management of internal affairs of an islamic state
Peace and war. In fiqh?
Fiqh here deals ith the foreign affairs of the islamic country
What is the legal ruling regarding seeking knowledge in fiqh?
To an extent it is fardhul ain, then it becomes fardhl kifayah.
This is because there are certain things i.e. how to pray, conditions of fasting that is fardhul ain upon every individual in the society to know.
Then there comes other things in fiqh which is enough for a few in the society to know about and have its knowledge so that anybody coming across the situations can refer to these individuals.
What are the primary sources of fiqh?
Quran and. Sunnah