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1

This is / these are

Это

2

Here is /here are

Тут

Or

Вот

3

Russian Word used to point things far away

Там

4

And

И

5

But / and ( for slight contrast)

а

6

What's 7 letters spelling rule

After consonants г, к, х, ж, ш, щ, ч  do not write the letter ы. Whenever an [ы] or [и] sound 

 follows one of these letters, it is spelled и. This is called 7-letter spelling rule.

7

What letters indicate the preceding consonant is hard?


 !

 а о у э ы - indicate that the preceding consonant is hard .

And ъ after prefixes

8

What letters indicate that the preceding consonant is soft?

 я ё ю е и and ь - indicate that the preceding consonant is soft

9

What are vowels reduction rules 1 and 2?

Vowel Reduction Rule 1 

In the first syllable before the stress the letter о sounds like а

Vowel Reduction Rule 2

Anywhere after the stress and more than one syllable before the stress о & а are pronounced like short а

10

What are vowels reduction rules 3 and 4 ?

Vowel Reduction Rule 3 :

In the first syllable before the stress the letters е, я are pronounced like и

Vowel Reduction Rule 4 :

 Anywhere after the stress and more than one syllable before the stress е, я are pronounced kind of like э

11

The letters я, ё, ю, е represent what sounds after ( soft ) consonants?

 [а, о, у, э]  respectively

12

When are The letters я ё ю е  pronounced as two sounds [йа, йо, йу, йе] ?

after ь and ъ :
объект

 after a vowel :
Россия

At the beginning of the word:
ёлка

13

What is the 5 consonants spelling rule?

The 5 Consonant Rule. After ш ж щ ч ц write o if that syllable is accented and e if it is not, e.g. в большом хоршем доме "in a big nice house".

14

What is the hush spelling rule?

The Hush Rule. after hushes (ш ж щ ч) never write я or ю but always а and у.

15

What

Что

16

In order to

Чтобы

17

Masculine

Мужской

18

Feminine

Женский

19

Neuter

Средний

20

He ( replaces any masculine noun)

Он

21

She (replaces any feminine noun)

Она

22

It ( replaces any neuter noun)

Оно

23

They (replaces any plural noun)

Они

24

When to use это?

For identifying things and people for first time ,then we can refer to them again using (он, она , оно , они)

25

What are the normal hard stem endings of nouns in nominative singulars of : masculine, feminine and neuter?

Hard ending for masculine singular nominative is with a consonant.

Hard ending for feminine singular nominative is "а".

Hard ending for neuter singular nominative is "о"

26

What are the normal soft stem endings of nouns in nominative singulars of : masculine, feminine and neuter?

For masculine : "й" or "ь".
For feminine : "я" or "ь"
For neuter : "е" or "ё"

27

How to find the plural nominative of a masculine singular with a hard stem?

By adding "ы" to the ending
Журнал - дурналы

28

How to find the plural nominative of a feminine singular with a hard stem?

By replacing the stem ending "а" with "ы"
Лампа - лампы

29

How to find the plural nominative of a neuter singular with a hard stem?

By Replacing the stem ending "о" with "а"
Письмо - письма

30

How to find the plural nominative of a masculine singular with a soft stem?

By replacing the "й" or "ь" ending with "и"
Музей - музеи
Словарь - словари