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Flashcards in Rust belt Deck (27)
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1
Q

Why is it known as the rust belt?

A

Because the main economy was steel, coal and car industries. It was a massive industrial powerhouse

2
Q

What has happened to the rustbelt and why?

A

Has declined rapidly. Population has shrunk greatly. All because of globalisation leading to deindustrilisation.

3
Q

Where is the Rust Belt located?

A

North east USA. Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania etc. On Canada border

4
Q

What was Pennsylvania until the 1980’s?

A

The steel capital of the world

5
Q

How much of Pennsylvania’s population was lost?

A

90%

6
Q

How many people are left in pens..? And what % of that are unemployed?

A

Only 3000 and 15% are unemployed

7
Q

What lead to such a major decline?

A

Foreign competitors caused the rust belt to become bust. This meant jobs disappeared. Because these disappeared then shops and businesses disappeared because there wasn’t the money for spending. Functional change led to demographic change. People left to find work elsewhere. Cycle of deprivation.

8
Q

How much did employment drop?

A

From 400,000 to 140,000 in 20 years

9
Q

How many generations of family are living in one roof

A

3/4

10
Q

What is the mean life expecanvy

A

68.3 yrs

8yrs below the US national Average

11
Q

What is the median annial house hold income

A

$12,000

12
Q

How many jobs were lost due to the decline in car production and mining

A

4.5 million less jons

13
Q

What fraction of teenagers left school without graduating

A

1/3

14
Q

What phenomenon has occurred due to population decline?

A

Brain drain

15
Q

Where does most of Beattyville’s population live?

A

Trailer homes or log cabins

16
Q

What fraction of families live below the poverty line in Beattyville?

A

Half

17
Q

What percentage of Beattyville residents had college degrees?

A

5%

18
Q

In 2013, what percentage of all accidental deaths in Kentucky were due to drug overdoses?

A

56%

19
Q

What is the workforce like in

A

The blue collar

20
Q

How much did beatty vile population fell

A

Population fell from 1.5 million in 1970 to 680,000 in 2015 ( over 50%)

21
Q

What is the average household income in beattyvile

A

Average household income is $25,000 in 2015 which is half the national average

22
Q

What is the poverty rate in beatty vile

A

The poverty rate in 38% and is so bad to the point where they can’t afford basic items like food

23
Q

How many homes are left abadnoed in beattyvile

A

30,000 abandoned homes due to the low prices they would sell for

24
Q

What happend to the public sector in beaty vile

A

Severe shortages in public sector workers like teachers and nurses due to brain drain to the city

25
Q

What are the social consequnces in beattyvile (reduced)

A

Educational attainment and training
When it comes to election you either see people don’t vote because they don’t think their vote matters or everyone voting for the same person because they aren’t educated or they think they can’t make a difference - they are use to the same president and don’t know anything different. (most likely trump supporters - due to make america great again)
Attachment to a place

26
Q

What has increase in beatyvile

A
Heath issues: lack of wealth to afford medication; access to care; delibrate life choices
Higher infants mortality
deprivation
Drugs
Brain Drain
Homelessness
27
Q

Reasons for Decline: in beatyvile

A
Overseas competition ( Cheaper steel)
Mechanisation replacing people ( faster work without having to pay)
lower wages cost in the south east lead to relocation