S & S of Congenital Diseases and Mental Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in S & S of Congenital Diseases and Mental Disorders Deck (36)
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1

S & S Sickle Cell Anemia?

1. intense pain (crisis) in arms legs, or abdomen
2. Fever
Chronic: Jaundice,

2

S & S of Neural Tube Defects?

1. sac-like protrusion
2. bowel and bladder dysfunction
3. club foot
4. partial paralysis

3

S & S of Hydrocephalus?

1. Enlarged head
2. Projectile vomiting
3. Abnormal muscle tone in legs
4. High pitch cry
5. irritability

4

S & S of Cerebral Palsy?

1. muscle contraction
2. Muscle weakness
3. underdeveloped limbs
4. Sudden movements impossible

5

S & S Cleft Lip and Palate?

1. Left lip
2. Hole in roof of middle of mouth

6

S & S Tracheoesophageal Fistula (TEF) and Esophageal Artresia?

1. Frothy white bubblers in mouth
2. Vomiting
3. coughing and choking when eating

7

S & S of Pyloric Stenosis?

1. Projectile vomiting
2. Palpable mass in epigastric region
3. Dehydration and starvation

8

S & S Malrotation with Volvulus?

1. Abdominal pain causing infant to draw up legs
2. bloody stools
3. swollen abdomen
4. vomiting of bile

9

S & S Hirschsprungs Disease?

1. Swollen abdomen, fever
2. watery diarrhea
3. failure to thrive
4. No bowel movement in first 24-48 hours

10

S & S of Undescended Testes?

1. One or both of testes not palpable during physical exam.

11

S & S Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy?

1. Muscle deterioration
2. spinal deformaties
3. toe-walking
4. Waddling gait and weak muscles

12

S & S of Cystic Fibrosis?

1. Increased sweat production causing salty-tasting skin
2. Thick secretion in small airways and mucus in GI tract
3. frequent respiratory infections

13

S & S Down Syndrome?

1. Smaller head and rounded corner of eyes
2. Flat nose and excessive skin at nape of neck
3. 1 or 2 creases in hand instead of 3
4. white spots on colored part of eye

14

S & S of Tourette Syndrome?

1. Facial tics and arm thrusting
2. inappropriate phrases, cursing
3. throat clearing and eye blinking
4. shoulder shrugging

15

S & S of Depression?

1. sad, anxious, or depressed mood
2. loss of pleasure in most activities
3. weight loss or gain
4. guilt or hopelessness
5. fatigue loss of energy
6. isolation
7. irritability

16

S & S of Bipolar Disorder?

1. Cyclic emotions of high and lows
2. similar to depression
- sad, fatigue

17

S & S of Schizophrenia?

1. Delusion and hallucinations
2. Disorganized speech
3. Lack of ambition
4. Lack of personality

18

S & S of Anxiety Disorder?

1. Unrealistic worry
2. repetitive compulsive behavior
3. ritualistic behavior
3. Irrational fear

19

S & S of Antisocial Personality Disorder?

1. Disregard for rights of others - violates them
2. lying, seduction, & manipulation

20

S & S of Borderline Personality Disorder?

1. Attention seeking and excessive emotions
2. Self destructive
3. Mood Swings

21

S & S of Narcissistic personality disorder?

1. Lack of empathy
2. Inflated view of self
3. Need for admiration and grandiosity

22

S & S of Avoidant Personality?

1. Feeling inadequate
2. Hypersensitive to criticism
3. Social Inhibition

23

S & S of Alcohol Abuse?

1. Unable to control drinking even when harmful
2. job loss and marital problems
3. traffic accidents
4. run-ins with the law

24

S & S of Psychoactive drug addiction?

1. needle marks, scars from abscesses
2. rapid hear rate
3. delusions and hallucinations
4. blurred vision and tremors

25

What is Intellectual Disability?

Significantly below-average intellectual functioning

26

S & S of Mild Intellectual Disability?

1. 6th grade level of intellect at time of graduation

27

S & S of Moderate Intellectual Disability?

1. 2nd grade intellect
2. Difficulty with social and relationships

28

S & S of Severe Intellectual Disability?

1. Little to no communication skills
2. Live in group homes or families as adults

29

S & S of Profound Intellectual Disability?

Neurological disorder which requires caregiver and constant supervision.

30

S & S of Autism Spectrum Disorder?

1. Delays in socialization and communication.
2. Poor eye contact
3. Repetitive behaviors
3. Sensory issues