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Flashcards in Sac 2 Deck (21)
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1

Nutrients definition

Substances found in food that are required by the body for growth and maintenance of body systems.

2

What do cells use nutrients for ?

- energy production
- growth
- repair/ replacement of body cells
- regulation of body processes

3

Six essential nutrient categories

Fats
Protein
Carbohydrates
Water
Vitamins
Minerals

4

What are macronutrients and example

- required in Hugh quantities
Example ; carbs, protein and fats

5

What are micro nutrients and example

Needed in smaller amounts
- vitamins and minerals

6

What is a complete protein and example of where it’s founds

Has all 9 essential amino acids
Found in animal products + soy

7

What are incomplete proteins

Do not have all essential amino acids
Example ; nuts , beans , rice

8

How many amino acids

22 total
9 essential

9

Functions of fats

- satiety (satisfied )
- insulation
- formation of cell membrane
- energy

10

“Good fats “

> mono-unsaturated
>poly-unsaturated

HDL - high density lipids

11

“Bad fats”

> saturated
> trans ( man made)

12

Example of mono-unsaturated fats

Avocado
Olive oil

13

Example of poly unsaturated

Salmon
Walnuts

14

Saturated fats example

Meat
Cheese

15

Example of trans fats

Store bought cakes
Store bought pastries

16

How many minerals are needed for effective body maintenance

20

17

What are the 2 categories of vitamins

Fat soluble (excess stored in body tissues) and water soluble (excess excreted)

18

Where is calcium stored

Most in bones
Some In teeth

19

When is calcium critical

During growth periods

20

Where is calcium abundant

Milk , cheese, yogurt, some in nuts

21

When is optimal peak bone mass achieved

Age 22