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Flashcards in Sanitation Deck (29):
1

Handwashing protocols

Wash with chlorhexidine for minimum of 15 seconds
Dry with paper towel
Turn off faucet with towel
Remove jewelery

2

If hands appear clean

Apply alcohol based rub to both hands covering all surfaces
Minimum 15 seconds, allow to dry

3

What does hand sanitizer not work great against

Parvo
Coccidia
Clostridium

4

When to wash hands

Between patients (before and after)
Between handling lab samples of different patients
After wearing gloves
Before/after preparing food

5

3 levels of sanitation

1) cleaning
2) disinfecting
3) sterilizing

6

Cleaning

Use soap/water to reduce number of organisms on surface

7

Disinfecting

Reduces number of organisms to greater degree but does not kill all organisms

8

Sterilizing

Kills all organisms

9

Disinfectants

Used to disinfect surfaces

10

Antiseptics

Used to disinfect skin

11

Cidal

Means to kill

12

Static

Inhibits growth

13

Good antiseptic / disinfectant

Kill everything bad, does not harm host
Quick to act with long lasting affect
Work in cold, heat, high/low pH, humidity
Dirty areas
Not stain/damage surfaces/instruments

14

Choose correct disinfectant / antiseptic based on

Concentration of solution - make correct to kill agent
Contact time- how long should be in contact with surface
Surface for which it is appropriate
Inhibiting factors- some done work under certain conditions (heat,cold)

15

Common disinfectants

Chlorine- Parvo
Alkalies- very toxic, decontaminated soil
Quaternary ammoniums

16

Common antiseptics

Alcohol
Hydrogen peroxide
Iodine
Chlorhexidine

17

Nosocomial

Acquired in hospital setting
Reason to disinfect/clean inbetween patients
Potentially dangerous disease kept in quarantine

18

Drapes

Green usually in color (blue also)
Reusable vs one time use
Autoclaved
Different sizes
Write on tape- size, what's in it, date, initials

19

Steri-peel- how to open.

Grip with opening towards DVM
Slowly peel open without touching object inside
If DVM plans to take from you, make sure not open so much that it falls
If you want to drop it, do it in sterile area

20

Size/gauge of suture

0-biggwsr
2
3-0 commonly used
4-0 commonly used
5-0 smallest

21

Suture material

Type of suture
Non-absorbable - monocryl, PDS
Internal/external
Different layers of tissue
Strength of suture

22

How to get surgical room ready

Instruments
Scalpel blade (#10, #15)
Suture
Heat source
IV fluids
Prep table- v-trough- blanket/towel

23

Supplies to get ready for DVM before surgery

Towel/gown. Appropriate size
Booties (+/-)
Cap and mask
Gloves
Scrub brush

24

Clip area where blood pressure probe placed

Leg, palmar/plantar surfaces just above paw

25

Surgical site prep

Bladder emptying
Clipping
Vacuuming
Scrub

26

Operating room sanitization/care

Each morning damp mop
Between patients, remove contaminated material, Spot clean

27

End of day operating room care

Empty trash
Disinfect patient area/clipper blades
Rinse/clean et tubes
Clean high to low, mop las

28

Hazardous

Any material with potential for injury
Expired drugs, disinfectants , pesticides, chemo drugs

29

Biohazard

Anything with blood, cultures, lab materials
Vaccine vials
Isolation waste
Heavy duty red plastic bags