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Flashcards in S.C test Deck (38):
1

Recite the First Commandment.

What does this mean?

The First Commandment
You shall have no other gods.

What does this mean?
We should fear, love, and trust in God above all things

2

Recite the Second Commandment.

What does this mean?

The Second Commandment
You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God.

What does this mean?
We should fear and love God so that we do not curse, swear, use satanic arts, lie, or deceive by His name, but call upon it in every trouble, pray, praise, and give thanks.

3

Recite the Third Commandment.

What does this mean?

The Third Commandment
Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.

What does this mean?
We should fear and love God so that we do not despise preaching and His Word, but hold it sacred and gladly hear and learn it.

4

Recite the Fourth Commandment.

What does this mean?

The Fourth Commandment
Honor your father and your mother.

What does this mean?
We should fear and love God so that we do not despise or anger our parents and other authorities, but honor them, serve and obey them, love and cherish them.

5

Recite the Fifth Commandment.

What does this mean?

The Fifth Commandment
You shall not murder.

What does this mean?
We should fear and love God so that we do not hurt or harm our neighbor in his body, but help and support him in every physical need

6

Recite the Sixth Commandment.

What does this mean?

The Sixth Commandment
You shall not commit adultery.

What does this mean?
We should fear and love God so that we lead a sexually pure and decent life in what we say and do, and husband and wife love and honor each other.

7

Recite the Seventh Commandment.

What does this mean?

The Seventh Commandment
You shall not steal.

What does this mean?
We should fear and love God so that we do not take our neighbor’s money or possessions, or get them in any dishonest way, but help him to improve and protect his possessions and income.

8

Recite the Eighth Commandment.

What does this mean?

The Eighth Commandment
You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.

What does this mean?
We should fear and love God so that we do not tell lies about our neighbor, betray him, slander him, or hurt his reputation, but defend him, speak well of him, and explain everything in the kindest way.

9

Recite the Ninth Commandment.

What does this mean?

The Ninth Commandment
You shall not covet your neighbor’s house.

What does this mean?
We should fear and love God so that we do not scheme to get our neighbor’s inheritance or house, or get it in a way which only appears right, but help and be of service to him in keeping it.

10


Recite the Tenth Commandment.

What does this mean?

The Tenth Commandment
You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.

What does this mean?
We should fear and love God so that we do not entice or force away our neighbor’s wife, workers, or animals, or turn them against him, but urge them to stay and do their duty.

11

The Close of the Commandments

What does God say about all these commandments?

What does this mean?

The Close of the Commandments
What does God say about all these commandments?
He says, “I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate Me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love Me and keep My commandments.” (Ex. 20: 5–6)

What does this mean?
God threatens to punish all who break these commandments. Therefore, we should fear His wrath and not do anything against them. But He promises grace and every blessing to all who keep these commandments. Therefore, we should also love and trust in Him and gladly do what He commands.

12

Recite the Creed.

I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth.
And in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried. He descended into hell. The third day He rose again from the dead. He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty. From thence He will come to judge the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Christian church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

13

Recite the First Article.

What does this mean?

The First Article: Creation
I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth.

What does this mean?
I believe that God has made me and all creatures; that He has given me my body and soul, eyes, ears, and all my members, my reason and all my senses, and still takes care of them. He also gives me clothing and shoes, food and drink, house and home, wife and children, land, animals, and all I have. He richly and daily provides me with all that I need to support this body and life. He defends me against all danger and guards and protects me from all evil. All this He does only out of fatherly, divine goodness and mercy, without any merit or worthiness in me. For all this it is my duty to thank and praise, serve and obey Him.
This is most certainly true

14

Recite the Second Article.

What does this mean?

The Second Article: Redemption
And in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried. He descended into hell. The third day He rose again from the dead. He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty. From thence He will come to judge the living and the dead.

What does this mean?
I believe that Jesus Christ, true God, begotten of the Father from eternity, and also true man, born of the Virgin Mary, is my Lord, who has redeemed me, a lost and condemned person, purchased and won me from all sins, from death, and from the power of the devil; not with gold or silver, but with His holy, precious blood and with His innocent suffering and death, that I may be His own and live under Him in His kingdom and serve Him in everlasting righteousness, innocence, and blessedness, just as He is risen from the dead, lives and reigns to all eternity.
This is most certainly true.

15

Recite the Third Article.

What does this mean?

The Third Article: Sanctification
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Christian church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

What does this mean?
I believe that I cannot by my own reason or strength believe in Jesus Christ, my Lord, or come to Him; but the Holy Spirit has called me by the Gospel, enlightened me with His gifts, sanctified and kept me in the true faith. In the same way He calls, gathers, enlightens, and sanctifies the whole Christian church on earth, and keeps it with Jesus Christ in the one true faith. In this Christian church He daily and richly forgives all my sins and the sins of all believers. On the Last Day He will raise me and all the dead, and give eternal life to me and all believers in Christ.
This is most certainly true.

16

Recite the Lord’s Prayer.

Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name, Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For Thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever and ever. Amen.

17

Recite the Introduction to the Lord’s Prayer.

What does this mean?

The Introduction
Our Father who art in heaven.

What does this mean?
With these words God tenderly invites us to believe that He is our true Father and that we are His true children, so that with all boldness and confidence we may ask Him as dear children ask their dear father.

18

Recite the First Petition of the Lord’s Prayer.

What does this mean?

How is God’s name kept holy?

The First Petition
Hallowed be Thy name.

What does this mean?
God’s name is certainly holy in itself, but we pray in this petition that it may be kept holy among us also.

How is God’s name kept holy?
God’s name is kept holy when the Word of God is taught in its truth and purity, and we, as the children of God, also lead holy lives according to it. Help us to do this, dear Father in heaven! But anyone who teaches or lives contrary to God’s Word profanes the name of God among us. Protect us from this, heavenly Father!

19

Recite the Second Petition of the Lord’s Prayer.

What does this mean?

How does God’s kingdom come?

The Second Petition
Thy kingdom come.

What does this mean?
The kingdom of God certainly comes by itself without our prayer, but we pray in this petition that it may come to us also.

How does God’s kingdom come?
God’s kingdom comes when our heavenly Father gives us His Holy Spirit, so that by His grace we believe His holy Word and lead godly lives here in time and there in eternity.

20

Recite the Third Petition of the Lord’s Prayer.

What does this mean?

How is God’s will done?

The Third Petition
Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

What does this mean?
The good and gracious will of God is done even without our prayer, but we pray in this petition that it may be done among us also.

How is God’s will done?
God’s will is done when He breaks and hinders every evil plan and purpose of the devil, the world, and our sinful nature, which do not want us to hallow God’s name or let His kingdom come; and when He strengthens and keeps us firm in His Word and faith until we die.
This is His good and gracious will.Recite the Third Petition of the Lord’s Prayer.

What does this mean?

How is God’s will done?

21

Recite the Fourth Petition of the Lord’s Prayer.

What does this mean?

What is meant by daily bread?

The Fourth Petition
Give us this day our daily bread.

What does this mean?
God certainly gives daily bread to everyone without our prayers, even to all evil people, but we pray in this petition that God would lead us to realize this and to receive our daily bread with thanksgiving.

What is meant by daily bread?
Daily bread includes everything that has to do with the support and needs of the body, such as food, drink, clothing, shoes, house, home, land, animals, money, goods, a devout husband or wife, devout children, devout workers, devout and faithful rulers, good government, good weather, peace, health, self-control, good reputation, good friends, faithful neighbors, and the like.

22

Recite the Fifth Petition of the Lord’s Prayer.

What does this mean?

The Fifth Petition
And forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us.

What does this mean?
We pray in this petition that our Father in heaven would not look at our sins, or deny our prayer because of them. We are neither worthy of the things for which we pray, nor have we deserved them, but we ask that He would give them all to us by grace, for we daily sin much and surely deserve nothing but punishment.
So we too will sincerely forgive and gladly do good to those who sin against us.

23

Recite the Sixth Petition of the Lord’s Prayer.

What does this mean?

The Sixth Petition
And lead us not into temptation.

What does this mean?
God tempts no one. We pray in this petition that God would guard and keep us so that the devil, the world, and our sinful nature may not deceive us or mislead us into false belief, despair, and other great shame and vice. Although we are attacked by these things, we pray that we may finally overcome them and win the victory

24

Recite the Seventh Petition of the Lord’s Prayer.

What does this mean?

The Seventh Petition
But deliver us from evil.

What does this mean?
We pray in this petition, in summary, that our Father in heaven would rescue us from every evil of body and soul, possessions and reputation, and finally, when our last hour comes, give us a blessed end, and graciously take us from this valley of sorrow to Himself in heaven.

25

Recite the Conclusion to the Lord’s Prayer.

What does this mean

The Conclusion
For Thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever and ever. Amen.

What does this mean?
This means that I should be certain that these petitions are pleasing to our Father in heaven, and are heard by Him; for He Himself has commanded us to pray in this way and has promised to hear us. Amen, amen means “yes, yes, it shall be so.”

26

The Sacrament of Holy Baptism
What is the first question and answer?

What is baptism?
baptism is not simply plain water. instead it is water enclosed in God's command and connected with God Word?

What is the Word of God?
Where our Lord Christ says in Matt 28:19 " Go into all the world, teach all nations, and baptize them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit

27

The Sacrament of Holy Baptism
what is the second question and answer?

What gifts or benefits does baptism grant?
it brings about forgiveness of sins redeems fro death and the devil, and gives eternal salvation to all who believe it, as the words and promise of God declare.

What are these words and promise?
Where our Lord Christ says in Mark 16:16 "whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be dammed.

28

The Sacrament of Holy Baptism
What is the third question and answer?

How can water do such great things?
Clearly the water does not do it, but the Word of Godm which is with and alongside the water, and faith, which trust this Word of God in the water. For without the Word of God the water is plain water and not a baptism, ut with the Word of God it is a baptism, that is, a grace-filled water of life and a "bath of the new birth in the Holy Spirit", as St. Paul says to Titus in chapter 3:5-8 " through the bath of rebirth and renewal of the Holy Spirit, which he richly poured out over us through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that through that very grace we many be righteous and heirs in hope of eternal life. This is surely most certainly true.

29

The Sacrament of Holy Baptism
what is the fourth first question?

What then is the significance of such a baptism with water?
it signifies that the old creature in us with all sins and evil desires is to be drowned and die through daily contrition and repentance, and on the other hand that daily a new person is to come forth and rise up to live before God in righteousness and purity.

Where is this written?
St Paul says in Romans 6:4 " We were buried with Christ through baptism into death, so that just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we, too, are to walk in a new life.

30

How simple people are to be taught to confess?

Confession consists of two parts. One is that we confess our sins. The other is that we reciece the absolution, that is, forgiveness, from the confessor as from God himself and by no means doubt but firmly believe that our sins are thereby forgive before God in Heaven.

31

which sins is a person to confess?

Before God one is to acknowledge the guilt for all sins, even those of which we are not aware, as we do in the Lord's Prayer. However, before the confessor we are to confess only those sins of which we have knowledge and which trouble us

32

Which sins are these?

Here reflect on your walk of life in light of the Ten Commandments: whether you are father, mother, son , daughter, master, mistress, servant;whether you have been disobedient, unfaithful, lazy, whether you have harmed anyone by word or deed; whether you have stolen, neglected, wasted, or injured anything

33

Please provide me with a brief form of confession

" honorable, dear sir, I ask you to listen to my confession and declare to me forgiveness for God's sake

proceed

I a poor sinner confess before God that I am guilty of all my sins. in particular i confess in your presence that although i am a manservant, maidservant etc. i unformtunately serve my master unfaithfully, for in this and that instance I did not do what they told me, i made them angry and caused them to curse, i neglected to do my duty and allowed harm to occur. I have also spoken and acted impudently. I have quarreled with my equals, i have rubed about and sworn at my mistress. etc. I am sorry for all this and ask for grace. I want to do begetter.

A master or mistress many say the following

in particular i confess to you that i have not faithfully cared for my child, the members of my household, my spouse to the glory of God. I have cursed, set bad example with indecent words and deeds, done harm to my neighbors, spoken evil of them, overcharged them and sold them inferior goods and shortchanged them" and whatever else he or she has done against the commands of God and their walk of life.

However, if some indiciduals do not find themselves burdened by these or greater sins, they are not to worry, nor are they to search for or invent further sins and thereby turn confession into torture. Instead mention one or two that you are aware of in the following way" in particular i confess that i cursed once, like wise that one time i was inconsiderate in my speech, one time i neglected this or that, etc" let that be enough.

If you are aware of no sins at all then do not mention any in particular but instead recive forgiveness on the basis of the general confession which you make to God in the presence of the confessor.
Thereupon the confessor is to say:
God be gracious to you and strengthen your faith. amen
let the confessor say
Do you also beleive that my forgiveness is God's forgivness
yes dear sir
therupon he may say
let it be done for you according to your faith and i be the command of our Lord Jeuss christ forgive you your sin in the name of the father and of the son and of the holy spirit. Amen GO in peace

A confessor by using additional passages of scripture, will in fact be able to comfort and encorage to faith those whose consciences are heavily burdened or who are sitressed and under attack, this is only to be an ordinary form of confession for simple people.

34

What is the sacrament of the Altar?

It is the true body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ under the bread and wine, instituted by Christ himself for us Christians to eat and to drink.

35

Where is this written?

The Holy evangelists, Matthew, Mark and Luke and St. Paul write thus " our Lord jesus Christ, on the night in which he was betrayed, took the bread, gave thanks and broke i and gave it to his disciples and said " take, eat this is my body which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me"

36

What is the benefit of such eating and drinking?

The words given for you and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins show us that forgiveness of sin life and salvation are given to us in the sacrament through these words, because where there is forgiveness of sin, there is also life and salvation.

37

How can bodily eating and drinking do such a great thing?

Eating and Drinking certainly do not do it but rather the words that are recorded " given for you" and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins. These words, when accompanied by the physical eating and drinking are the essential things in the sacrament and whoever believes these very words has what they declare and state, namely "forgiveness of sin"

38

Who then receives this sacrament worthily?

Fasting and bodily preparation are in fact a fine external discipline, but a person who has faith in these words, "given for you and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins is really worthy and well prepared. However, a person who does not believe these words or doubts them is unworthy and unprepared, because the words " for you" reuire truly believing hearts.