SCALING: POPM - SAFe Product Owner/Product Manager 4.6 QUIZ QUESTIONS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in SCALING: POPM - SAFe Product Owner/Product Manager 4.6 QUIZ QUESTIONS Deck (43)
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1
Q

What is one benefit of constant customer feedback?

A) Fast learning cycles
B) It reduces the need for face-to-face collaboration
C) Teams can better align working days with a customer’s schedule
D) It reduces the amount of changes to the Features

A

A) Fast learning cycles

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

2
Q

Which statement describes the Scaled Agile Framework?

A) It scales Scrum to multiple Agile Teams
B) It provides guidelines for Project Managers
C) It provides strict guidelines for all daily activities
D) It synchronizes alignment, collaboration, and delivery for large numbers of teams

A

D) It synchronizes alignment, collaboration, and delivery for large numbers of teams

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

EASY

3
Q

The Work-in-Process limit at the Analyzing step of the Program Kanban is based on the overall availability of Product Management, other subject matter experts, and the capacity of which two other roles? (Choose two.)

A) Lean Agile Center of Excellence
B) Release Train Engineer
C) Business Owners
D) System Architects
E) Agile Portfolio Operations
A

C) Business Owners
D) System Architects

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

“capacity of the teams”. The answer should be a member of an Agile Team.
not A) Lean Agile Center of Excellence, since the LACE is mostly involved in agile transformation activities
not B) Release Train Engineer, since the RTE is not a team member and their capacity shouldn’t go into the Analyzing step

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/program-and-solution-kanbans/ – The WIP limit for this state must account for the availability of Product Management, the capacity of teams and other subject matter experts. … Guided by analysis and insights, Business Owners (and typically Lean Portfolio Management personnel) approve or reject the epics. Approved epics then get split into features and transitioned to the funnel of the program Kanban, where they will be prioritized based on WSJF. WIP limits also apply to the analyzing state.

4
Q

Features in Program Backlogs can result from what?

A) Decomposing Enabler Stories
B) Splitting Epics or Capabilities
C) Aggregating stories into Features
D) Refining the Team Backlog

A

B) Splitting Epics or Capabilities

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

EASY

5
Q

Which statement is true about fast feedback?
It supports SAFe Lean-Agile Principle #3 -

A) Assume variability; preserve options
B) The shorter the feedback cycle, the higher the utilization
C) It accelerates planning and delivery
D) Smaller batch sizes enable faster feedback loops

A

A) Assume variability; preserve options

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

This is exact wording of Principle #3

6
Q

Which two types of items are maintained in the Team Backlog? (Choose two.)

A) Business Epics
B) Enabler Stories
C) User Stories
D) PI Objectives
E) Epic Enablers
A

B) Enabler Stories
C) User Stories

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

EASY

7
Q

A Lean Business Case can identify the impact on sales and which other two areas? (Choose two.)

A) Profit
B) Architecture
C) Decomposition
D) Distribution
E) Deployment
A

D) Distribution
E) Deployment

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/epic/
download the lean business case template from the button on that page.
“Impact on Products, Programs and Services:
(Identify products, programs, services, teams, departments, etc. that will be impacted by this Epic)
Impact on Sales, Distribution, Deployment:
(Describe any impact on how the product is sold, distributed, or deployed)”

8
Q

Product Managers are expected to collaborate in planning the amount of upcoming Enabler work by establishing what?

A) Team Backlog prioritization
B) Capacity allocation
C) Accurate user story sizing
D) Completed Epic acceptance criteria

A

B) Capacity allocation

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

NOT CONFIRMED
Not A or C because not at Team level, (PMs operate at the Program level, with the ARTs)
Why B? because PM has responsibility for allocating the amount of work (as a % of the capacity) that would be used for Enabler work

Why not D? Epic owner is the one who comes up w/ AC. Also, “Completed” isn’t about “Planning”. completing the AC on an epic doesn’t mean that the Epic advances in the funnel.

9
Q

The team is struggling to agree on the story point sizing of a new user story. The PO was previously a related domain expert and feels the team is wasting time. What should she do?

A) Instruct the SM to resize the story
B) Continue to support the team’s decision on sizing
C) Make the team aware of her expertise and decide the size for them
D) Suggest the team stop the sizing of the user story and add it to the next iteration as is

A

B) Continue to support the team’s decision on sizing

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

EASY

10
Q

True or False: Epics are estimated in story points rolled up from feature estimates

A

True.

source: https://www.scaledagileframework.com/roadmap/

11
Q

Who (what role) owns features and who owns enablers?

A

Product Management owns features.
System Architect/Engineering own enablers

source: https://www.scaledagileframework.com/features-and-capabilities/

12
Q

What is the relationship between a Product Owner (PO) and a Product Manager (PM)?

A) The PO drives PI Objectives; the PM drives Iteration Goals
B) The PO identifies market needs; the PM is solution, technology, and team facing
C) The PO is team-oriented; the PM is market-oriented
D) The PO contributes to the Program Backlog; the PM establishes Story acceptance criteria

A

C) The PO is team-oriented; the PM is market-oriented

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

EASY

13
Q

How frequently should the Program Backlog be reviewed?

A) Every week
B) When the Epic owners are defining the Epic Value Statement
C) Continuously
D) Before every PI

A

C) Continuously

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/program-and-solution-backlogs/ – The time between PI planning events is a busy time for Product and Solution Management, as they are always in the process of refining their backlogs in preparation for the next PI planning.

14
Q

The first three elements of the Continuous Delivery Pipeline work together to support delivery of small batches of new functionality. These continuous elements include Exploration, Integration, and what else?

A) Deployment
B) Automation
C) Execution
D) Compliance

A

A) Deployment

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/continuous-delivery-pipeline/

15
Q

What is the formula for WSJF

A

WSJF = CoD (cost of delay) divided by the duration (size of job)

16
Q

Why would Product Owners and Product Managers be key collaborators in the enterprise?

A) They are key roles in steering and sequencing the Agile Release Train priorities
B) They plan all the key events for the Program Increment
C) They provide governance and spending practices for the value streams
D) They plan Portfolio strategy horizons for the enterprise

A

A) They are key roles in steering and sequencing the Agile Release Train priorities

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/product-and-solution-management/

17
Q

The customer is asking for a forecast for when a specific Feature will be available for release at the beginning of the next fiscal year. Where could the Product Manager find this information?

A) System Architecture Designs
B) Program Backlog
C) Roadmap
D) Development Manager

A

C) Roadmap

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

EASY

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/roadmap/

18
Q

Three collaborations make up the Lean Portfolio Management competency: Strategy and Investment Funding, Lean Governance, and what else?

A) Business Owners
B) System Architect
C) Scrum Master
D) Agile Portfolio Operations

A

D) Agile Portfolio Operations

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/lean-portfolio-management/

19
Q

Which role is responsible for working with customers and creating the Vision?

A) Release Train Engineer
B) System Architect
C) Product Owner
D) Product Manager

A

D) Product Manager

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/product-and-solution-management/

20
Q

What is the purpose of an Epic Hypothesis Statement?

A) It helps define the pipeline with the assets and technologies needed to deliver solution value

B) It defines an idea that can be validated using the plan, do, check, and adjust cycle

C) It provides enough detail to run the business and keep long-term commitments from interfering with changing business priorities

D) It is the artifact Epics use to get approval to go on the Portfolio Backlog from the Lean Portfolio Management

A

D) It is the artifact Epics use to get approval to go on the Portfolio Backlog from the Lean Portfolio Management

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED: https://www.scaledagileframework.com/epic/

21
Q

What are two inputs to the Solution Vision? (Choose two.)

A) Customer feedback
B) Portfolio Backlog
C) Portfolio Enablers
D) Feature context
E) Strategic Themes
A

A) Customer feedback
E) Strategic Themes

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/vision/

22
Q

Epic Owners collaborate with which two other roles in a typical Portfolio Kanban system? (Choose two.)

A) System and Solution Architect/Engineering
B) Release Train Engineer
C) Business Owners
D) Product Owners
E) Scrum Masters
A

A) System and Solution Architect/Engineering
C) Business Owners

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

see the collaboration illustration on this page: https://www.scaledagileframework.com/portfolio-kanban/

23
Q

An organization is conducting their first PI Planning session, and the new teams are asked to provide their capacity. Which three actions are part of the initial capacity planning process? (Choose three.)

A) Find a small story that takes about a day to develop and call it a one

B) Subtract one point for every team member’s vacation day, public holiday, or training day

C) Ensure Product Owner/Product Manager approval for all capacity adjustments based on time

D) Compare final team capacity across all teams and make individual team adjustments

E) Add the points for all the recently completed Features and use that as a baseline for future capacity

F) Use eight points per person (adjust for part-time employees)

A

A) Find a small story that takes about a day to develop and call it a one

B) Subtract one point for every team member’s vacation day, public holiday, or training day

F) Use eight points per person (adjust for part-time employees)

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED
source: https://www.scaledagileframework.com/story/
“Find a small story that would take about a half-day to code and a half-day to test and validate. Call it a ‘one.’”

definitely A, B, F
not D because ____
not C because not to do with first PI planning
not E because first PI planning should happen before Features recently completed.

24
Q

Which statement describes the Team and Technical Agility enterprise competency?

A) Cross-functional, self-organizing teams that define, build, test and possibly deploy valuable things

B) A collaboration that creates Lean budget and investment guardrails

C) Solution trains that coordinate multiple Agile Release Trains and suppliers

D) A Community of Practice that leads the transformation

A

A) Cross-functional, self-organizing teams that define, build, test and possibly deploy valuable things

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

EASY

25
Q

What does assigning business value to a team’s PI Objectives influence?

A) How teams plan the implementation
B) How the Kanban WIP limits are set
C) How often team deploys
D) How to achieve objectives

A

A) How teams plan the implementation

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

note that the question is about assigning BV of the PI objective.

selected A) How teams plan the implementation, since BV on a PI objective does influence HOW the teams plan
not B) How the Kanban WIP limits are set, since the question is not about SETTING WIP limits. BV of PI objectives would influence the order that work is queued
maybe C) How often team deploys, since higher BV items may merit more frequent deployment
no D) How to achieve objectives, because a team would not depend on the BV to determine how to achieve an objective

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/business-owners/ – “ranking objectives by business value guides the teams in making trade-offs and minor scope adjustments”

https: //www.scaledagileframework.com/pi-objectives/ – “During PI planning, teams create PI objectives, which provide several benefits:
* Provide a common language for communicating with business and technology stakeholders
* Aligns the train with a shared mission
* Creates the near-term vision, which teams can rally around and develop during the PI
* Enables the ART to assess its performance and the business value achieved via the Program Predictability Measure
* Communicates and highlights each team’s contribution to business value
* Exposes dependencies that require coordination”

“In addition to alignment, the process of setting realistic objectives helps avoid too much Work in Process (WIP) in the system.”

26
Q

What is the goal of Lean thinking?

A) Leadership support
B) Respect for people and culture
C) Best quality and value for people and society
D) Relentless improvement

A

C) Best quality and value for people and society

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED.
https://www.scaledagileframework.com/lean-agile-mindset/
“The goal of Lean is to deliver the maximum customer value in the shortest sustainable lead time while providing the highest possible quality to Customers and society as a whole. High morale, safety, and customer delight are additional goals and benefits.”

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/safe-lean-agile-principles/
“the goal of the House of Lean: “shortest sustainable lead time, with best quality and value to people and society.”

27
Q

Product Management is involved in the assessment of metrics including the evaluation of business value achieved versus plan. They are also active participants in what else?

A) Daily Stand-ups
B) Lean budget establishment
C) Team Retrospectives
D) The Inspect and Adapt event

A

D) The Inspect and Adapt event

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED. https://www.scaledagileframework.com/product-and-solution-management/

“Participate in demos and Inspect and Adapt (I&A) – Product Management is an active participant in biweekly System Demos, including the aggregate one at the end of the PI. They are also involved in the assessment of Metrics, including evaluation of business value achieved versus plan, and are active participants in the inspect and adapt workshop.”

28
Q

What should a team do if they cannot meet their commitments?

A) Deliver what the team can complete with open issues
B) Review the objectives and reset them to fit what can be done
C) Escalate immediately to Product Manager through the Product Owner
D) Move what cannot be accomplished into stretch objectives

A

B) Review the objectives and reset them to fit what can be done

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

not A - don’t deliver if open issues
not C - escalation “immediately” only if team is blocked
not D - stretch is not for what we can’t do, it’s for what we want to try as an extra achievement. Also they are for PI.

29
Q

How do Business Owners quantify the value of PI Objectives?

A) By totaling the Epic budget
B) By assigning business value
C) By assigning story points
D) By estimating return on investment

A

B) By assigning business value

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/pi-objectives/ – As objectives are finalized during PI planning, Business Owners collaboratively assign business value to each of the team’s individual objectives in a face-to-face conversation.

30
Q

Predictable incremental delivery occurs based on which two practices? (Choose two.)

A) Cadence
B) Solution Intent
C) Synchronization
D) Architecture Governance
E) Solution Context
A

A) Cadence
C) Synchronization

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/develop-on-cadence/ – Cadence, along with synchronization, is a key construct used to build system and Solution assets in SAFe. Cadence is the use of a regular, predictive development rhythm, while synchronization causes multiple, potentially dependent events to happen at the same time.

31
Q

Which cycle is embraced by the Lean startup movement?

A) Plan-Do-Check-Review
B) Explore-Integrate-Deploy-Release
C) Plan-Execute-Review-Retro
D) Hypothesize-Build-Measure-Learn

A

D) Hypothesize-Build-Measure-Learn

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

32
Q

What is one non-Lean behavior that organizations demonstrate when prioritizing?

A) Accepting that a high return on investment (ROI) is always more important than a Feature with a low ROI

B) Reducing the duration will decrease the Cost of Delay

C) Cost of Delay is directly related to the size of the queue

D) Cost of Delay is the same as WIP

A

A) Accepting that a high return on investment (ROI) is always more important than a Feature with a low ROI

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED (sort of).
B and C are for sure Lean.
D is not a behavior
A is the best answer.

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/wsjf/
“In SAFe, WSJF is estimated as the Cost of Delay (CoD) divided by job size”

https: //www.scaledagileframework.com/lean-portfolio-management/
https: //www.scaledagileframework.com/metrics/#PF4”

33
Q

Kanbans are the primary mechanism to achieve SAFe Principle #6, which includes visualizing and limiting Work-in-Process, reducing batch sizes, and what else?

A) Managing runway cadence
B) Managing non-functional requirements in the backlog
C) Managing queue length
D) Managing PI Objectives

A

C) Managing queue length

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

EASY

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/visualize-and-limit-wip-reduce-batch-sizes-and-manage-queue-lengths/

34
Q

Which attribute describes the Product Manager role in the SAFe enterprise?

A) Plans the activities for the Inspect and Adapt event
B) Uses Iteration Goals to communicate with management
C) Collaborates and sets expectations with Product Owners, stakeholders, customers, architects
D) Provide governance and spending practices for value streams

A

C) Collaborates and sets expectations with Product Owners, stakeholders, customers, architects

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/product-and-solution-management/

35
Q

SAFe recommends separating deployment from release. What can help with this practice?

A) Hide all new functionality under feature toggles
B) Manually test Features and non-functional requirements
C) Deploying to staging every 4 to 8 weeks
D) A staging environment that emulates testing

A

A) Hide all new functionality under feature toggles

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

EASY

36
Q

What is one way to establish a team’s velocity?

A) Calculate the percentage planned versus actual story complete for an Iteration

B) Look at the average story points completed from the last Iterations

C) Add the story points for all Features completed in the Iteration

D) Add the story points for all the stories planned for the Iteration

A

B) Look at the average story points completed from the last Iterations

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

EASY

37
Q

Iteration Goals serve what purpose?

A) To set preliminary PI Objectives
B) To identify non-functional requirements
C) To align team members to a common purpose
D) To define the what, the how, and the how much

A

C) To align team members to a common purpose

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

EASY

38
Q

The Product Manager has content authority for the Program Backlog including: the Vision, the Roadmap, driving the PI Objectives, and what else?

A) Working with business stakeholders and Solution and System Architects to implement holistic technology across Value Streams

B) Accepting stories and team increments

C) Managing risk, helping to ensure value delivery, and driving continuous improvement

D) Establishing Features and Benefit Hypothesis

A

D) Establishing Features and Benefit Hypothesis

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

Not A) because that is Enterprise Architect (“implement”)
Not B) because that is PO
Not C) because that is RTE and STE

https: //www.scaledagileframework.com/enterprise-architect/ – “Enterprise Architects work with business stakeholders and Solution and System Architects to implement technology initiatives across Value Streams. They rely on continuous feedback, foster adaptive design, and engineering practices, and drive programs and teams to rally around a common technical vision.”
https: //www.scaledagileframework.com/features-and-capabilities/ – “Product Managers, in collaboration with Product Owners, and other key stakeholders, define features in the local context of an ART.”

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/product-and-solution-management/ –
“Product Management has content authority for the Program Backlog. They are responsible for
identifying Customer needs,
prioritizing Features,
guiding the work through the Program Kanban and
developing the program Vision and Roadmap.”

“Solution Management has content authority for the Solution Backlog. They
work with customers to understand their needs,
prioritize Capabilities,
create the Solution vision and roadmap,
define requirements, and guide work through the Solution Kanban.”

“Responsibilities of Product Management:
Work with System Architect/Engineering to understand Enabler work. While Product Management is not expected to drive technological decisions, they are expected to understand the scope of the upcoming enabler work and to work with System and Solution Architect/Engineering to assist with decision-making and sequencing of the technological infrastructures that will host the new business functionality. This is typically done by establishing a capacity allocation, as described in the Program and Solution Backlogs article.”

“Responsibilities of Solution Management:
Solution Management plays a similar role to Product Management, but at the large solution level and has content authority over capabilities instead of features. Responsibilities include working with portfolio stakeholders, customers, ARTs and Solution Trains to understand needs and build and prioritize the solution backlog. They have a similar vision, roadmap, solution Kanban, and solution demo activities as well.”

39
Q

Epics require an Epic Owner and what else?

A) A Lean Business Case
B) A Definition of Done
C) A Solution Intent
D) An Economic Framework

A

A) A Lean Business Case

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/epic/

40
Q
What are three outputs of Synthesis? (Choose three.)
A) Strategic Themes
B) Program Backlog
C) Iteration Goals
D) Vision
E) Program Roadmap
F) Portfolio Kanban
A

B) Program Backlog
D) Vision
E) Program Roadmap

sources: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)
https: //www.scaledagileframework.com/continuous-exploration/ “Synthesize – encompasses the skills that organize the ideas into a holistic vision, a roadmap, a prioritized program backlog, and supports final alignment during PI Planning”

CONFIRMED

41
Q

Which two concepts drive the mindset for SAFe implementation? (Choose two.)

A) Lean Enterprise Systems
B) Scrum Manifesto
C) Agile Manifesto
D) House of Lean
E) Enterprise Agility
A

C) Agile Manifesto
D) House of Lean

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED.
https://www.scaledagileframework.com/lean-agile-mindset/

42
Q

Which two job roles are good candidates for becoming a Product Owner? (Choose two.)

A) UX Experts
B) Scrum Masters
C) Subject Matter Experts
D) Line Managers
E) Business Analysts
A

C) Subject Matter Experts
E) Business Analysts

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

not A) UX Experts because while product focused, it’s too narrow scoped
not B) Scrum Masters because SM focus on process not product
not D) Line Managers because they are responsible for people management
not

43
Q

The goal is a fast delivery process, ideally requiring little manual effort. What is one capability used to achieve this?

A) Non-functional requirements
B) Feature toggles
C) Soft launches
D) Quiet releases

A

B) Feature toggles

source: SAFe 4.6 POPM Practice Exam (with Joe D, 76%)

CONFIRMED

https://www.scaledagileframework.com/release-on-demand/