Schizophrenia - studies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Schizophrenia - studies Deck (13):
1

X – Gender Bias – men have been diagnosed more than women – females have better interpersonal skills and are less likely to go to the doctors

Longnecker (2010)

2

X – culture bias – more blacks/ afro carribeans diagosed than whites – psychiatrists don’t trust black people as much. Also symptoms are cultureally relative, e.g. hearing voices

Escobar

3

X – Co-morbidity – sz patients often have other conditions, 50% depression, 47% OCD

Buckley et al (2009)

4

X - IRR – had psychiatrists diagnose 100 patients using ICD or DSM – either over or underdiagnosed them

Cheniaux (2004)

5

√ - support for family dysfunction - found 69% of female patients had an abusive childhood – 59% of men. However, asked sz patients to recall past events, may be faulty/ inaccurate

– Read et al (2005) –

6

√ - support for faulty central control - found sz pateitns took X2 as long on stroop test

– stirling (2006)

7

√ – compared typical drugs vs placebo and found the drugs were effective in reducing symptoms

- Thornley et al (2013)

8

√ -found atypical drugs to be effective than typical

Meltzer (2002)

9

√ -– meta analysis -argued CBT was generally effective

Jauhar (2014)

10

√ – argued family therapies improved hospital readmissions and quality of life for patients

- Pharoah et al

11

√ – meta analysis about token economies – found 3 studies, only 1 out of the 3 showed it was effective treatment

McMonagle and Sulatana (2009)

12

√ - research support – studied 19,000 finnish adoptees who had mothers with schizophrenia. They then analysed the parenting style of their adopted parents. Parenting style that was, critical, conflicting and un empathetic, often caused sz in those with a genetic predisposition

– Tienari et al (2014)

13

√ - support for the effectiveness of combining treatments – p’s were in a drug + CBT, drug + counselling or drugs only – the combination groups were most effective.

Tarrier (2014),