School-Based Practice Flashcards Preview

621 Quiz #3 > School-Based Practice > Flashcards

Flashcards in School-Based Practice Deck (42):
1

What makes school based practice unique?

-composition of teams
-extent of consultation and collaboration

2

Unique skills you may need for entry level competencies in the school

-interpersonal skills
-knowledge of UE for writing, typing, etc
-developmental and grade milestones

3

EHA and its amendments

-Education for All Handicapped Children Act (1975) mandates inclusion for all students
-Amendments (1986) expand to preschool and early intervention

4

IDEA and its amendments

1990 - EHA becomes IDEA
1991 - amendments include AT, transportation, and transition support
1995 - mental health centers are included
1997 - amendments include general ed classrooms and education related directly to general ed

5

No Child Left Behind and accommodations

2001 - teaching is geared toward standardized tests
-504 and IEPs allow more advocacy for students

6

IDEA improvement act

- 2004
- preventative services through early intervention
- focus on prep for further education, employment, and independent living (postsecondary success)

7

What occupations are engaged in at school across academic settings?

ALL 8 MAJOR CATEGORIES and at least 30 subcategories

8

ideas to assist with social participation in school

- social skills training groups (common as "no bully" groups)
- older mentors
- hygiene

9

Free Appropriate Public Education

no cost to parents and accommodations as needed

10

Least Restrictive Environment and misconceptions

- most appropriate environment that allows a student to succeed
- does NOT always mean inclusive classroom

11

How is a child identified for special ed?

- Child Find system locates, identifies, and evaluates all children w/ known disabilities
- any adult may refer a child for evaluation

12

IEP vs 504

those with a 504 likely don't meet the criteria for IEP and usually need smaller accommodations (quiet room for testing or help with eating)
-BOTH can come with you to college

13

2 types of additional plans

early intervening services or response to intervention

14

special ed process for IEP

-referral
-comprehensive eval
-determination of eligibility (there's no middle ground - eligible or not are the only options)

15

OT's role in special ed process

-if suspected need for OT, IDEA mandates eval within 60 days of parental consent
-focus on participation in school
-top down or occupation based assessments

16

types of OT assessments

-no formal tools are required
-observation may be the only form of assessment if it gives enough insight into need for services or eligibility

17

criteria for special ed eligibility

-disability within certain categories OR developmental delay
-if 3-9 years old, significant developmental delay
-basically, dev delay or services would be beneficial...duh

18

student eligibility for OT

-determined once special ed eligibility is determined
-educational program and goals are considered
-can be within IEP or 504

19

OT role in school documentation

-collaboration in education plan and goals
-support must be relevant to academic participation and progress

20

direct vs indirect services

-direct: applied to child
-indirect: programmatic or constulation

21

who is the client in school services?

child, teachers, staff, etc... (still counts as billable in this setting)

22

school-based services have a focus on...

restoration/adaptation of skills or health promotion/prevention

23

benefits of supporting handwriting within the context of early literacy experiences

improves writing skill and literacy

24

functional writing includes _________ and takes _________ to master

-writing form and content
-a lifetime

25

relationship between writing and reading skills

they develop in tandem

26

handwriting & functional written communication evals and interventions should be...

multifaceted

27

handwriting/functional written communication interventions

-whole class or individuals
-consistent w/ literacy standards
-generalizable across contexts
-measurable performance changes

28

measurable performance changes for writing

-domains
-legibility
-writing speed
-ergonomic factors

29

example of measurable writing goal

all writing will remain within top and bottom line 2x per week

30

required IEP team members

-parent/guardian
-regular ed teacher of child
-special ed teacher of child
-special ed providers

31

optional IEP team members

-public agency
-interpreter/advocate
-related service personel
**student**

32

what does it mean for OT to be a "related service"

-may not be part of initial IEP eval
-can NOT be provided as a stand alone service

33

OTs within 504 process

-help determine accommodations
-no reimbursement

34

prevention based programs

-early intervention for kids who are struggling/at risk
-response to intervention for kids at risk for not doing well at school (more curriculum or school-based)

35

the benefits of a multi-tiered system of supports

number of students needing individualized and intensive supports decreased 15%-5%

36

school mental health movement

-system-wide emphasis on training and support for child MH
-model of prevention and EI related to MH
-services delivered school-wide through targeted groups or to individual students

37

where is the role of OT defined?

at the district level

38

need for advocacy for OT in schools

-we can provide a wide range of services and programming
-there is opportunity for innovation and traditional service delivery

39

bonus question: What is the role of OT within the school setting?

advocate, coach, help with participation, facilitate, play, motivate

40

bonus question: What are the 2 biggest factors in predicting long-term success for students w/ disabilities?

-identification
-support

41

bonus question: How is change enacted within the school system?

-slowly, through a lot of laws and bureaucracy
-it's hard to get change from people who have been in the school a long time

42

bonus question: What is the influence of evidence in shaping school-based OT?

you should practice EBP, because it helps to have the evidence behind you