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Flashcards in Science Deck (21)
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1

Tornadoes often develop from supercell thunderstorms that exhibit an ”echo” named for its resemblance to this object.

hook (echo)

2

Biological production of this compound by cattle and termites is a major contributor to global warming.

Methane

3

This compound that was first isolated from marsh gas is also the simplest alkane and is the main component of natural gas.

Methane

4

This tissue forms a ring-shaped structure in the neck called the cricoid.

Cartilage

5

Breakdown of this tissue made of chondrocytes affects the bones in osteoarthritis.

Cartilage

6

This quantity is fixed for a reversible, adiabatic process. The Clausius inequality relates this quantity's change to the heat transferred over the temperature.

Entropy

7

The vampire bat, like all bats, belongs to this taxonomic order of mammals.

Chiroptera

8

When doing this mathematical process ”by exhaustion,” one checks every possible case. This process demonstrates the truth of a theorem.

Proof

9

Used by early mathematicians to find a shape's area, the method of exhaustion is essentially a version of this calculus operation that also finds area.

Integral

10

When a set is partitioned, the partitions must be exhaustive—meaning they cover the whole set—and have this quality, meaning the intersection of any combination of them is empty.

Disjoint

11

This type of electromagnetic radiation is subdivided into “hard” and “soft” varieties.

x-rays

12

Name this type of radiation that was used to produce a landmark 1895 image of a hand wearing a wedding ring.

x-rays

13

This German physicist discovered X-rays. He is the namesake of element 111 on the periodic table.

Wilhelm (Conrad) Röntgen [Element 111 is roentgenium.]

14

For discovering X-rays, Röntgen was the first-ever recipient of this physics prize. In 1921 Albert Einstein won this prize for his theory of the photoelectric effect.

Nobel Prize in Physics

15

Water that has undergone this process to remove dissolved impurities can be heated beyond its normal boiling point without boiling.

distillation

16

Name this process in which a liquid-containing mixture is separated via boiling and condensation.

distillation

17

The proportion of components in this type of mixture cannot be altered by simple distillation, as the vapor has the same composition as the mixture.

azeotrope(s) (or azeotropic mixture(s))

18

One example of an azeotrope is this strong acid with formula H2SO4 at a concentration of 98.3%.

Sulphuric Acid

19

A chemical reaction involving ammonium hydrosulfide is one proposed reason for this storm's colour, which is the largest of its kind in the solar system.

Great Red Spot

20

This other adjective labels a “great” spot found on Jupiter in 2000, and a “great” spot commonly seen on Neptune.

(Great) Dark (Spot)

21

In 2017 this solar-powered NASA spacecraft took close-up images of the Great Red Spot. It is named for a Roman deity.

Juno