Science In Psychology Flashcards Preview

OCR A-Level Psychology > Science In Psychology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Science In Psychology Deck (11):
1

The study of cause and effect

Experimental research aims to demonstrate a causal relationship by manipulating the independent variable so the effect on the dependent variable can be measured.

2

Falsifications

The ability to demonstrate that a hypothesis is false

3

Replicabilty

The ability to repeat an original procedure in exactly the same way. If a finding from a study is valid, it should be possible to obtain the same value if the study is repeated.

4

Objectivity

The ability to take an unbiased external perspective by not being affected by a personal or individual viewpoint

5

Induction

A scientific method that uses observation to generate testable hypotheses, which are then developed into theories

6

Deduction

A scientific method that develops hypotheses from theories , then tests the hypotheses to see if they hold true

7

Hypothesis Testing

A hypothesis is formulated once a theory has been identified or proposed. The hypothesis is tested through empirical research - research that results in the collection, analysis and evaluation of data.

8

Manipulation of Variables

The manipulation of independent variables to see the variation in results depending on whether it is or isn’t present.

9

Control

The extent to which any variables are held constant or regulated by the researcher

10

Standardisation

Ensuring that all procedures are the same for every participant so performances are comparable

11

Quantifiable Measures

Recording behaviour in numbers for ease of analysis