Flashcards in Science In Psychology Deck (11):
The study of cause and effect
Experimental research aims to demonstrate a causal relationship by manipulating the independent variable so the effect on the dependent variable can be measured.
The ability to demonstrate that a hypothesis is false
The ability to repeat an original procedure in exactly the same way. If a finding from a study is valid, it should be possible to obtain the same value if the study is repeated.
The ability to take an unbiased external perspective by not being affected by a personal or individual viewpoint
A scientific method that uses observation to generate testable hypotheses, which are then developed into theories
A scientific method that develops hypotheses from theories , then tests the hypotheses to see if they hold true
A hypothesis is formulated once a theory has been identified or proposed. The hypothesis is tested through empirical research - research that results in the collection, analysis and evaluation of data.
Manipulation of Variables
The manipulation of independent variables to see the variation in results depending on whether it is or isn’t present.
The extent to which any variables are held constant or regulated by the researcher
Ensuring that all procedures are the same for every participant so performances are comparable