Science - Woojin - Scientific Method 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Science - Woojin - Scientific Method 1 Deck (19):
1

data

information

2

sampling

take a small piece or part of something to analyze

a small part of a large population

should be large and random sampling

3

hypothesis

an educated guess that you can test

if then statement

you cannot prove it 100% true

4

prediction

saying what you think the results will be from the experiment

5

experiment

testing the hypothesis by gathering data

controlled conditions

6

controlled experiment

testing variables using 2 groups: control and experimental (variable) group

7

control group

the group that you do not give the variable

8

experimental group

the group that gets the variable

9

independent variable (IV)

the variable or factor that the scientist changes in the experiment

10

Dependent variable (DV)

the variable or factor that responds to the variable the scientist changed

the DV responds and changes according to the IV

11

Theory

a statement that you can say is true based on your experiment(s)

12

Procedure

The step-by-step directions used in doing an experiment is the procedure.

13

The facts or figures collected in an experiment from which a conclusion can be drawn is the _____ .

data

14

A prediction or educated guess about how a scientific experiment will turn out is a(n) _____ .

hypothesis

15

The question to be solved in an experiment is the _____ .

problem

16

Anything that is noticed during an experiment is a(n) _____ .

observation

17

Statements of what is expected to happen in the future based on past experiences and observations are _____ .

predictions

18

The act of drawing a solution from the information found in an experiment is making a _____ .

conclusion

19

constants

the things that are purposefully the same in the experiment