Scientific Experimentation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Scientific Experimentation Deck (44):
1

Scientific Method

An organized set of investigation procedures.

2

Hypothesis

An educated and careful guess

5

In a graph showing temperature change of a material over time, temperature change is the ____.

dependent variable

6

The best type of graph to use to show how some fixed quantity is broken down into parts is_____.

circle graph (pie chart)

8

variable usually plotted on the horizontal or x-axis

independent varialble (aka manipulated variable)

9

graph type used to show some fixed quantity broken down into parts

circle graph (pie chart)

13

First step in designing an experiment

State the problem

16

When designing an experiment, the first step is to ____.

state the problem

21

A standard for comparison that helps to ensure that the experimental result is caused by the condition being tested

A Control

22

factor in an experiment that changes from the manipulation of the independent variable

dependent variable

23

A factor that does NOT change in an experiment

A constant (aka "controlled variable")

24

Studying the effect of one thing on another in order to test a hypothesis is a(n) ____.

experiment

25

A factor that does NOT change in an experiment is the ____.

constant

26

A variable that is held constant on purpose is a __________ variable

controlled

27

A factor that is manipulated in an experiment to change the dependent variable

independent varialble (aka manipulated variable)

28

"aka" means

also known as

37

plotted on the vertical or y-axis

dependent variable

42

What is the definition of a derived unit?

A mathematical combination of two or more units.

47

Why are the points on a bar graph not connected?

There is no data between points that could be graphed.

48

dependent variable is usually plotted on the

vertical or y-axis

49

Explain how the lack of a control in an experiment impacts the experiment.

Without a control, there is no basis for comparison.

51

dependent variable is aka

responding variable (IM DR)

52


Sometimes an experiment has a whole set of hypotheses.  The hypothesis that says that changing the independent varialbe will have no effect on the dependent variable is called what?

The Null Hypothesis

53

independent variable is aka

manipulated variable (IM DR)

54

True or False. 

 

The "Null Hypothesis" predicts that changes in the independent variable will affect the dependent variable. 

False

55


The Null Hypothesis predicts what relationship between the independent and dependent variables?

No relationship at all.

 

(Changine the independent variable has not effect on the dependent variable.)

56

"DRY MIX" is a mnemonic device to help remember

DRY MIX

This is a mnemonic device to help you remember that the Dependent Variable is also known as the Responding Variable, and it usually goes on the Y-axis.  Also, the Manipulated Variable is also known as the Independent variable and it usually goes on the X-axis.

Dependent Responding Y-axis   Manipulated Independent X-axisl.

 

58


Which one below means the same as a constant?

 

A Control

A Controlled Variable

 

A Controlled Variable.

 

A controlled variable is one of the possible variables in an experiment that you keep the same on purpose. 

59


You are doing an experiment to see if ducks fly faster when listening to music with special "duck" headphones.

You equip 300 ducks with these special headphones and measure their flight speed to be 43mph. 

You then conclude that ducks do fly faster with headphones.

What is missing?

A control

 

You would need "A Control" as a basis for comparison.  In other words, you would need to measure the flight speed of a group of ducks without headphones.  Then you could compare.

73


Hanging Indent

A formatting style Mr. Bixel likes us to use on our labs.

77

Why don't we draw lines between bars on a bar graph?

There is no data between the bars on a bar graph.

78

Why do we draw lines between ponts on a line graph?

To represent the expected values of the unmeasured data between the measured points.

79

Why do we typically avoid putting "breaks" in the axes of graphs?

It distorts the appearance of the data.

80

When do we put "breaks" in the axes of graphs?

When we are willing to live with the distorted appearance of the data so that we can zoom in on a specific region of the data.

81

Scientific experiments investigate the effect of one ___________ on another.

variable

83

Graphs are visual representations of data that help scientists to detect _________ in the data.

patterns

90


Must be in the form of a statement.

A hypothesis

91

Levels of independent variable

This is the number of different values of the independent variable you use in your lab.  

92

What is the absolute minimum number of levels of independent variable you can use in a lab and still get a useful line graph?

5

(This is the lowest number of levels of independent variable where your data begins speaking back to you.)

93


What do we call this type of indenting?

These are "hanging indents."

Soon, you will be expected to use these on your lab.  Make sure you understand what it is so you don't have to recopy your lab.

94

What do we call it when you indent the first line of a paragraph, and the rest of the lines are not indented.

This is a regular indent.

95

What do you call it when you indent the second, third, and fourth lines of a paragraph, but do not indent the first line?

It is called a "hanging indent."  

(The reason you have so many "hanging indent" flashcards is because, for some reason, physical science students have trouble understanding what a hanging indent is.   Then when asked to use them at certain places on their lab reports, they don't....)

96

Which of these samples is a properly done "Hanging Indent?"  Is it the one on the top or the one on the bottom?

97

In the statement below, is the term "period" appropriately used?

 

"The time of the period of the pendulum is 3.1 seconds.
 

NO

The definition of "period" is the "length of time of one complete oscillation."  

Thus, you would only need to say?

"The period of the pendulum is 3.1 seconds"