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Maris Spinal anatomy > scoliosis > Flashcards

Flashcards in scoliosis Deck (56):
1

% has slight scoliosis between

75%between t6-8

2

the % that has scoliosis is on what side and why

on right cause heart pushing and dominant side

3

when you have a lateral bending you also get

rotation of the body

4

when check for scoiliosis

7th-8th grade

5

functional scoliosis

cause of overuse of muscle soft tissue (we can help_

6

structural scoliosis

deals with bones nad embryological development with migrationn anterior to posterior and cephalic to caudal

7

righting reflex

like if have a wedge vertebrae the body will make you stand up so that you can still see straight

8

two subclassifications of structural scoliosis

congenital/developmental and acquired

9

congenital/developmental scoliosis

ossification centers not occuring so could have malformation so thers no bone

10

acquired scoliosis structural

surgery, accidents, wolfs law comes into play ,

11

how find scoliosis

palpation to find it, xray find the degree

12

scoliosis is most prominent in

thoracic

13

wedge vertebrae

one side didnt form

14

block vertebrae

two vertebrae fused together because no ivd

15

hemivertebrae

when only half vert body forms during migration of sclerotomes

16

what are the types of hemivertebrae

semisegmented, fully segmented, wedge

17

unsegmented bard vert

two vert connected on one side

18

unsegmented bar with hemivertebrae

connected vert with a partially developed vert

19

what do u do with scoliosis the muscles

side of concavity: stretch those muscles
fatigue muscle on lengthened convex side

20

gaurding/splinting

when area is injured the areas around it gaurd the area

21

what do they put in people with scoliosis

harrington rods

22

test for scoliosis

adam's test

23

how do adams test

have person slowly touch toes, i stabilize psis and observe, if it straightens when lowered its functional. if goes down and rocks and wasnt straight its structural.

24

how name what scoliosis is

the apex is the name C this is a left scoliosis

25

how confirm its structural from adams

do lat bend to right C and if curve increases its structural

26

lovett positive

sp's on concavity side

27

what do lovett point of reference

sp's

28

lovett negative

sp's on convexity

29

what are lovettes classifications off of

short legs?

30

lovett static

midline sps with the curve

31

lovett failure

midline sps but no curve

32

lovett excess

sps on concavity and on high side of sacrum

33

lovett reverse

sps midline, lumbar goes opposite to sacrum

34

lovett relates to

whether on side of convex or concave and what side of sacrum its on

35

lovett positive symptoms

seldom symptomatic and least offending

36

lovett negative sympt

patient has severe pain

37

lovett static sympt

patient has moderate to severe pain

38

lovett failure sympt

associated with lumbar disc prolapse

39

what are the 5 things consider with pain patterns

bones
muscles
nerves
organs
vascular supply

40

scleretogenous pain pattern

inside: bone w/ ligs (scleretome)

dull ache that is localized, deep and boring (think of stubbing toe)

41

myotogenous pain pattern

muscle tendon and ct

dull ache thats diffuse NOT LOCALIZED, cant pin point

42

dematogenous pain pattern

SPINAL NERVE ROOT AND PERIPHERAL NERVES

sharp shooting shocklike pain (hit funny bone)

43

whats a dermatome

nerve root sensory nerve innervation of skin

44

vascular pain

throbbing or pulsing

45

visceral pain pattern

refer pain

ex. appendix to right lower quadrant, liver to right shoulder

46

if you have a deficiency in vascular probabl

cold pain

47

what could happen if have a penjalum stomach

facets jamm

48

3 components in physiological jt

nerve muscle and tendon

49

butterfly vertebrae

malformation in post vert specifically lamina. lat ossification centers fail to grow

50

how tell a congenital and acquired block from one another

xray, congenital has flat smooth peripheral surface, surgical appear prominent and irregular at the disc level

51

spina bifida

10% of pop, l5/s1 failure of fusion of lamina

52

what kind of pain pattern would be functional scoliosis

myetologous

53

can functional scoliosis cause structural

no

54

pain pattern for structural

scleretogenous pain and myetogenous

55

when have scleretogenous pain u also have

myetogenous pain

56

ivd pain pattern if have ivd problems

sclertogenous, myetogenous and when fully blown gets dermatogous