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Flashcards in Second Semester 4 Deck (17)
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1
Q

What did the North want heading into Reconstruction

A
  1. Make sure hard work wasnt wasted
  2. Republicans wanted to control government and society
  3. Democrats want no active government
  4. Abolitionists wanted to racial justice
2
Q

what were the initial attitudes in the north after the civil war

A
  1. Weary War
  2. Army is disbanded
  3. Free from taxes
3
Q

what were some of the challenges that soldiers had to face trying to find work

A
  1. Problems with government
  2. Situation Financially
  3. Competitors
4
Q

who were some of the competitors soldiers had to compete with to get jobs

A
  1. Immigrants
  2. Women
  3. Competitos
5
Q

why did the u.s. go into recession after the cvil war

A

problems finacially

6
Q

what were the 3 financial issues heading into reconstruction

A
  1. North merchants want South cotton exports
  2. Split between parties
  3. North’s wartime/fiscal financial policies expanded dispanity of wealth
7
Q

what were some of the immediate postwar chaos in the South

A
  1. Emancipation
  2. Economy
  3. Federal Chaos
8
Q

give 3 examples of factors that contributed to a shattered economy in the South. Explain why each would be a problem

A
  1. Destruction of Railroad- cant transport things
  2. Cities destroyed- rebuild
  3. Fields are destroyed- replant all the crops
9
Q

why did some northerners go south

A
  1. Lured by cotton prices
  2. Carpet baggers and Scalawags
  3. Fed. Gov. refused to help South economy
10
Q

who were carpetbaggers

A

Northerners who were well/educated, middle-class professionals

11
Q

who were scalawags

A

Local whites, in the South who had resettled there and supported or entered Reconstruction governments

12
Q

explain the Freedmen’s bureau and what its purpose. Why did it fail?

A
  1. A temporary plan to last the duration of war and 1 year afterward. Provided food, school, medical care.
  2. Underfunded and understaffed
  3. It was established to help former black slaves
13
Q

give an example of a university that was founded under the freedmen’s bureau

A

howard univerisity

14
Q

who founded the special field order 15

A

William T. Sherman

15
Q

explain the special field order 15

A

40 acres and a mule. The slaves received it

16
Q

explain the black codes. give an example of a black code

A
  1. were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War
  2. yearly labor tax
17
Q

exaplain sharecropping

A
  1. rent small plots of land
  2. give portion of crop to the landowner
  3. owned more than they could pay
  4. charged for use of tools