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Flashcards in Secondary Economic Activity Deck (17):
1

Why factories locate?
Markets

Being close to where the factory sells their product
Closer you are the less transport costs you will need to pay

2

Why factories locate?
Transport facilities

All factories need to transport their finished/semi-finished products to their costumers.
Good road / rail (same country)
Close to port / airport (exporting)

3

Why factories locate?
Labour

All factories need a work force
Some need highly trained / skilled workers
Some factories require low skilled workers

4

Heavy industry

Industries that the product sbeing made are big and heavy.
Example: iron and steel making

5

Light industry

Industries that produce small or light products
Exampl: electronic, healthcare products

6

Multinational corporations

Companies that make their products in many different countries
Example: coca cola, nike, Microsoft

7

Input

Things we need to put in at the start

8

Processes

Things we do to the inputs to turn them into semi/ finished products

9

Outputs

Things we have at the end. Finished product

10

Footloose industry

When a industry or company is not tied down to a particular place.
Usually in business parks
Example: city west

11

Industrial location

As time goes on industries may need to change their location because they have changed the methods of and need new services
Example: in the past most industries need to be closer to coal mines becaus ecoal was the main source of power

12

Industrial interia

A factory remains although the reasons for its location no longer exist

13

Niche products

A good manufactured for a particular use
Example: surgical instruments used in hospitals

14

Industrial regions

Include USA, Japan and countries in Western Europe
All these countries industrialised during the industrial revolution

15

Newly industrial region

Include South Korea, China, India, Mexico and Brazil
Cheep labour, means that more and more companies anre going to these countries

16

Industrially Emergent Regions

Have very little manufactoring
Include Africa, Asia and South America

17

Why factories locate?
Resource Materials

Materials the factory needs to make their product(s)
If resource materials are big and heavy the factory will need to locate near the resource materials