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Flashcards in section 1 Deck (35):
1

What is legal conduct assumed to be?

The base minimum for ethical behavior

2

the development of ethics is influence by what three major areas?

philosophy, religion, and the code of Ethnics

3

Define philosophy

a set of values, ideas, and opinions of an individual or group

4

Define religion

a culturally entrenched pattern of behavior that is made of sacred beliefs with open behavior that implement the beliefs and feelings

5

True or false the golden rule is found in some form in most major religions around the world

True

6

What is the golden rule ?

To do to others as you would have them do to you

7

True or false each person develops their own code of ethnics

True

8

Describe business ethics

how a business is run from employee relationships to how the customer is treated and how the customer perceives the business

9

Define absolutism

regardless of the situation, the outcome will always be one and consistent

10

Define situationsim

The elements of the situation must be looked at and reviewed before a solution can be given

11

According to Lawrence Kohlberg most American adults function between what two levels of morality?

3-5

12

What level of morality is reached when an individual make up their own mind about what is right or wrong?

level 6

13

Describe Level 0 morality according to Lawrence Kohlberg

Person is not aware of any reward , doesn't understand rules or feels the need to follow them , only wants to experience good and avoid painful experiences.

14

Describe level 1 of morality according to Lawrence Kohlberg

Moral reasoning is based on reward and punishment from those in Authority.

15

Describe level 2 of morality according to Lawrence Kohlberg

moral reasoning is based on "right actions" and the relativity of the situation

16

Describe level 3 of morality according to Lawrence Kohlberg

the expectations of the social group(family) are supported (by person) and are strongly influenced by peer pressure.

17

Describe level 4 of morality according to Lawrence Kohlberg

the expectations of the social group(family) are supported and MAINTAINED (by person). They have a strong sense of citizenship, duty, responsibility and obedience to the laws of the land.

18

Describe level 5 of morality according to Lawrence Kohlberg

understand that the view of the government is legal authority , not moral authority.

19

Describe level 6 of morality according to Lawrence Kohlberg

considers universal moral principles that overpower the authority of the group no matter what culture they live in

20

What level according to Lawrence Kohlberg is ''Pre moral" ?

Level 0

21

What two levels according to Lawrence Kohlberg are"pre-conventional"

Level 1 and 2

22

What two levels according to Lawrence Kohlberg are "conventional "

levels 3 and 4

23

What two levels according to Lawrence Kohlberg are "post-conventional"

levels 5 and 6

24

Who came up with the " caring model of moral development " that works with and against Kohlbergs theory?

Carol Gilligan

25

What are the three stages of the "caring model of moral development "

self centeredness, , others centered thinking, and Balancing needs

26

Describe Self centerdness according to Carol Gilligan

Interested only in meeting own needs, act selfishly, and exploit others fro personal gain

27

Describe Others centered thinking

ppl ignore their own needs and focus on others. often feels guilty for doing something nice for themselves

28

Define Martyr syndrome

A condition in which a person uses their suffering, self-sacrifice, and role as a victim to manipulate others into psychologically rewarding them for their ongoing misery

29

Define balancing needs

moral maturity that comes with realizing the balance between the needs of others and the needs of themselves

30

Define Ethnics

values relating to human conduct, and the good and bad of the motives and ends of such actions

31

Something that is legal isnt always _____

Ethical. Just because it doesn't say not to do it does not mean it is ethical to do it

32

Ethics are ____ and within each individual and laws are ____ and are ____ and come from outside of the individual;l

Ethics are internal . Laws are external

33

Define culture

abstract patterns of living and dying that are learned directly and indirectly

34

Theistic means to ____ and Non-theistic means to_____

Theistic is to believe in a god or gods

35

Define citizenship

the duties, right and privilege of this status