Section 2 - Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 2 - Chapter 5 Deck (23):
1

Tanaka

Jewish scriptures. Sacred writings.

2

Relationship between Jews and Christians

The Hebrew bible form the basic books of the Christian Bible.

3

Who is Noah?

Bible figure and his convenient with God. Initial book of the Jewish Bible.

4

Who is Isaac?

Son on Noah.

5

Another name for the Torah

Law of Moses

6

What is a Prophet?

A person chosen by God to bring truth to the people..

7

What are 'the writings'?

Last section of the Hebrew Bible, that covers Psalms, the Proverbs and the Song of Songs. Psalms are poems or songs offering praises to God. Proverbs are wise sayings.

8

Who are Ester, Ruth and Job?

Important figures and heroes found in the 'the writings'.

9

What are the Chronicles?

History of the early Jewish people.

10

Jeremiah

Prophet in the bible who condemned people who were unfaithful to God.

11

Ezekiel

Prophet who predicted the Jewish people would survive hardship.

12

Isaiah

Prophet who urged people to act morally.

13

Rabbis

Religious teachers.

14

What is the Talmud?

A text from AD 600, that collects oral teaching and Jewish Law.

15

What is Aramaic?

Language of most of the Talmud.

16

What is 'Ethical Monotheism'?

Important teaching of Jewish religion. Idea that there is one God that sets down ethics for behavior.

17

Day of Rest

Sabbath. Jewish day of rest.

18

What are the 8 Key Teachings of Judaism?

Ethical Monotheism, Observance of Law, Love for Others, Weekly Day of Rest, Commitment to Study and Pray, and Connection to the land of Israel.

19

What is Bar Mitzvah and Bat Mitzvah?

An important ceremony when a young person becomes a full member of the Jewish community.

20

Describe the Jewish concept of 'Righteousness'.

Acting or living in a way that ethically right and obeys God's laws.

21

Describe the Jewish concept of 'Justice'.

Concept of fairness or fair treatment.

22

Describe the idea of 'Individual Responsibility'.

Jewish idea that God's laws are everyones responsibility and apply to everyone. Idea of equality of everyone in the eyes of God impacts future legal systems.

23

Sabbath

Sevens day of the week when Jews have time to rest away from work.