Flashcards in Section 7 - Issues Deck (13)
What is meant by cyberbullying?
Cyberbullying is when the Internet is used to deliberatley insult or humiliate someone.
Suggest one reason why cyberbullying have become more commonplace.
The Internet and social media have given people greater anonymity than they have in real life.
Explain one benefit and one drawback of governments censoring online content.
Benefit: Censoring websites can prevent citizens from accessing illegal sites. This can help to reduce crime rates, drug abuse, etc.
Drawback: Censoring websites would damage the freedom of citizens, as the government is conrtolling what people can and cannot access.
Define the term software cracking.
Illegally modifying a piece of software to remove unwanted features, e.g. copy protection.
Define the term copywright.
A way of protecting intellectual property.
What is open-source software?
Open-source software is a type of computer software with its source code made available with a license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
Explain one drawback of allowing people to patent algorithms.
Patenting algorithms prevents other people from using them which can prevent innovation and development of the algorithm.
Define the term raw material
A material which is extracted from the earth.
Suggest two effects that the use of raw materials for devices has on the environment.
Extracting raw materials depletes scarce natural resources.
The process of raw material extraction cause pollution.
Define the term e-waste.
E-waste is discarded computer/electronic material.
Suggest two reasons why smartphones are only used for a short amount of time before they are discarded.
Smartphones are portable so can be broken easily, for example dropping them.
It is often cheaper to replace a smartphone thatn it is to repair it.
Give two ways that electronic devices waste elecrticity.
Users sometimes leave the devices idle/ on standby.
Users sometimes leave their devices on charge longer than they need to.