Section A: Nutrition and Feed Flashcards Preview

Marion Junior Horsebowl > Section A: Nutrition and Feed > Flashcards

Flashcards in Section A: Nutrition and Feed Deck (52):
1

How much water will a 1,000 pound horse drink per day

6 - 12 gallons per day

2

In extremely cold weather, which will produce more body heat when eaten, hay or grain?

Hay produces more heat

3

What are the 2 basic classifications of forages?

Legumes & grasses

4

What is the most important factor affecting the quality of a forage at the time of harvesting?

Stage of maturity

5

What is the most common method used to process forages?

Baling

6

What is the oldest & most common method of selecting hay?

Visual appraisal

7

What is the most economical source of supplemental protein?

Soybean meal

8

What are the 2 most important dietary energy components in feeds?

Fats & carbohydrates

9

What is the most commonly cubed forage?

Alfalfa

10

What is the device used to collect samples for analysis in baled hay?

Bale probe or bale core

11

What is the deficient amino acid in hays & grains?

Lysine

12

Typically horses receive nutrients for what 3 general sources?

Hay, pastures & grains

13

Which feed is used extensively in diets for horses that have respiratory problems such as heaves?

Beet pulp

14

What is probably the simplest & least expensive dry method of processing grains?

Grinding

15

Which nutrients are usually considered to be the body's fuel?

Energy nutrients (carbohydrates & fats)

16

Describe the color of a good quality hay.

Bright, leafy green

17

Where is most of the nutrient value found in hays?

Leaves

18

What is the most readily available grain in most sections of the country?

Corn

19

What type of hay is the best hay for horses?

Good quality grass-legume mixed hay

20

Which hays tend to be the least dusty?

Good grass hay

21

What are the 2 basic types of forages?

Grasses & legumes

22

Name the 2 minerals that the horse relies most heavily on for bone formation.

Calcium & phosphorus

23

Name the 2 basic classifications of forages.

Legumes & grasses

24

Name 2 ways that barley & milo should be processed before using them in a horse feed.

Crimped or rolled (milo can also be ground)

25

Pelleting hay can reduce the storage space requirements by how much?

Up to 75%

26

How much more digestible energy is contained in grains than in hays?

Grains have 50 - 60% more

27

Which nutrient plays an important role in physiology of performance horses & is essential for fluid
balance, nerve & muscle functions & acid-base balance?

Minerals

28

Lysine is a type of what nutrient?

Protein (amino acid)

29

Name 2 disadvantages of feeding straight oats for grain.

Cost per unit of energy & variations in quality

30

Which feed by-product is made by drying the residual beet chips after the sugar has been extracted?

Beet pulp

31

If you put extruded & pelleted feed each in a separate container of equal volume, which would weigh
more?

Pelleted feeds may weigh twice as much as extruded feeds

32

In feeding management, what is the wicking effect?

Uptake of ground moisture into a bale of hay

33

What nutrients are harder for an older horse to digest?

Proteins, phosphorus, fiber

34

What are 5 forms of harvested forages?

Square bales, round bales, hay cubes, chopped hay, pelleted hay & silage

35

How can the likelihood of blister beetle poisoning be reduced when feeding alfalfa hay from the
southwest?

Feed early season first cutting alfalfa

36

How many mineral elements are required in diets of horses?

21

37

What percent of protein should be in a suckling foal's creep feed?

16 - 18% protein

38

How much concentrate can be fed at one time?

Never more than 0.75% of the horse's body weight

39

What is quidding?

Dropping partially chewed feed from the mouth

40

Which nutrient is commonly involved as co-factors for the enzymes that convert fat & carbohydrates
into energy?

Vitamins

41

Feral & other free-ranging horses will spend how long grazing per day in good forage?

10 - 12 hours

42

What is the form of stored fuel for exercise of high intensity & short duration?

Glycogen

43

What is the primary site for digestion & absorption of fats?

Small intestines

44

What is the average weight of a small bale of hay?

40 - 80 pounds

45

What is the maximum amount of concentrates that should be fed at any one feeding?

No more than .75% of horse's body weight

46

How many different minerals are required in the diet of horses & what are the 2 classifications of
them?

21 different minerals classified as micro & macro (major) minerals

47

What class of nutrients do thiamine, riboflavin & folic acid belong to?

Vitamins

48

Which nutrient is an important structural component for muscle tissue, growth & tissue maintenance?

Proteins

49

What is the term for the units of measure that describes the amount of energy needed by a horse & is
equal to 1,000 calories?

Megacalories

50

There are considerable differences in density among horse feeds. Therefore, feeding measurements
should not be by volume but by what method?

Feed by weight

51

What does TDN stand for

Total Digestible Nutrients

52

Name the fat soluble vitamins?

A,D,E,K