Section C - British Film: This Is England (Meadows, 2006) & Fish Tank (Arnold, 2009) Flashcards Preview

Eduqas A Level Film Studies - Paper 1 > Section C - British Film: This Is England (Meadows, 2006) & Fish Tank (Arnold, 2009) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Section C - British Film: This Is England (Meadows, 2006) & Fish Tank (Arnold, 2009) Deck (40)
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1

Define

Temporal Duration

How long story goes on for uninterrupted

2

Define

Ellipsis (in film)

Paused created by editing transition

3

Define

Framing narrative

Smaller stories within a narrative

4

What is the difference between story and plot?

Story = series of events recorded in chronological order

Plot = series of events deliberately arranged in an order to create significance

5

Define

Falklands War

10 week war between Britain & Argentina over Falkland islands

6

How does the Falklands War relate to This Is England?

War of ownership and belonging (film's themes)
Shaun's dad died in war
Combo and Nationalists see it as pointless - government focusing elsewhere, not in own country

7

Define

Thatcherism

Policies brought in by Thatcher, including privatising industries

8

How does Thatcherism relate to This Is England?

Industries no longer needed
Less jobs in the North
3.5 mil unemployed

9

Define

Subculture

Cultural group within a larger culture
Has seperate interests and beliefs

10

How does the idea of subculture relate to This Is England?

Skinhead subculture: Shaun wants to join Woody's gang
All 80s subcultures = rebellion

11

Define

Dependency culture

Way of life characterised by depending on state benefits

12

How does the idea of dependency culture relate to This Is England?

Majority of characters unemployed
No income, relying on state benefits

13

Define

Society

People living together in a relatively ordered community

14

How does the idea of society relate to This Is England?

Society basically gone, divided into subcultures and ethnic groups

15

Define

Social realist aesthetic

Art movement drawing attention to everyday conditions of working class and the poor

16

How does a social realist aesthetic relate to This Is England and Fish Tank?

Independent British films tend to be gritty, relatable and show truth

17

Define

The Bourgeoisie

Small section of society that owns most of the wealth

18

How does the idea of the bourgeoisie relate to This Is England and Fish Tank?

Government & company owners unseen in 'This Is England' and 'Fish Tank'

19

Define

The Proletariat

Majority of the population who own little and are exploited

20

How does the idea of the proletariat relate to This Is England and Fish Tank?

Shaun, Combo and skinheads exploited by government's privatisation

Mia exploited by Connor

21

How does the North/South divide relate to This Is England and Fish Tank?

'This Is England' set in the North - lower wages, poorer health care, lower house prices

'Fish Tank' set in South, but in a council estate. Against posh stereotypes

22

CINEMATOGRAPHY
How are P.O.V. shots used to create meaning?

This Is England

P.O.V. shots from Milky in assault scene
Aligns audience with him, greater emotional impact
Film is against racism/nationalism

23

CINEMATOGRAPHY
How is a handheld camera used to create meaning?

This Is England & Fish Tank

Social realist aesthetic
Unprofessional, feels like it's filmed on someone's phone
Straight from the scene, almost like a documentary

24

CINEMATOGRAPHY
How are big close-ups used to create meaning?

This Is England

Used sparingly and powerfully
Combo & Shaun's in car - growing intimacy between them, relationship getting closer
Combo is grooming Shaun to join right-wing nationalism

25

MISE-EN-SCENE
How is the St. George's cross used to create meaning?

This Is England

Prop illustrates Shaun's engagement with nationalism
Steals one and gives it to Combo to show his loyalty to the National Front
It goes into Combo's flat as a centerpiece - oversees Milky's assault
Shaun throws it into ocean at end of film

26

MISE-EN-SCENE
How is the the idea of a uniform used to create meaning?

This Is England

Skinhead uniform - bonds of gang members.
Shave Shaun's head, give him the shirt - accept him as one of their own
Combo gives him a coat when he joins National Front; accepting him into their gang

27

MISE-EN-SCENE
How is graffiti used to create meaning?

This Is England

Political views of neighbourhood: "Maggie is a twat". Clearly against conservative government & Thatcherism

When National Front spray paints side of the Mr Sandhu's shop:
Shaun's innocence - spray paints own name
Combo's gang uneducated - 'Nashnil Front'

28

EDITING
How are montages used to create meaning?

This Is England

3 montages = each stage in Shaun's journey
First = extreme long shots, mute colours, convey Shaun's isolation
Second = Woody's gang dressed colourfully, upbeat music (Louie Louie). Happy, fun
Third = 'trained' by Combo -> racist. St George's cross superimposed on top

29

EDITING
How is archive footage used to create meaning?

This Is England

Opens film - sets scene for narrative
Social & political context - Thatcher, Falklands War
Spectator draws ideological parallels between this & events in Shaun's life

30

IDEOLOGY
What are the five levels of Maslow's Hierarchy?

1 = Physiological needs (food, water, shelter, clothes, sleep)
2 = Safety & security (health, employments, property, family/social stability)
3 = Love & belonging (friendship, family, intimacy, sense of connection)
4 = Self-esteem (confidence, achievement, respect of others, need to be unique)
5 = Self-actualisation (morality, creativity, purpose, acceptance)

31

IDEOLOGY
How does the idea of Maslow's Hierarchy relate to This Is England?

Shaun starts at 2nd level - has food, clothes, shelter and a house, but nothing else (alone at school)
Joins skinheads - moves onto 3rd or 4th level
End - moves back to where he was. Potentially lost it all

32

What are the five main factors of the North/South divide?

North-East = lowest growth economically
South-East = highest growth economically
- Worse health conditions
- More spending on health
- Cheaper houses
- Government spending higher relative to tax revenues
- More Labour supporters than South (conservative)

33

What are the three types of film (in terms of ideology)?

1) Film has dominant ideology throughout, pure & unchanged. Doesn't seem to be aware of it
2) Film ATTACKS dominant ideology, dealing with extremely political subject, breaking fourth wall by exposing film as an ideological construct
3) Seems to support dominant ideology at first, but turns out to be ambiguous. Film has obstacles in way of ideology, sways it off course.

34

Which type of film is 'This Is England' (in terms of ideology)?

Type 3: seems to be fully against nationalism, yet sympathises with Combo. We learn he may be attacking others due to coming from a broken family

35

Define

Syd Field - 3 Act Structure

Act 1: Set up established. Eng of act = change in film's direction
Act 2: Confrontation. Protagonist faces series of challenges. End of act signalled by 1 huge final problem
Act 3: All plots and subplots resolved

36

How does 'This Is England' relate to Syd Field's 3 Act Structure?

Act 1: Start -> Combo crashes party
Act 2: National Front -> Milky's attack
Act 3: Post attack -> end

37

Define

Chris Vogler - Hero Model

- Ordinary world. Hero given quest
- Meets someone/given something to help quest
- New world, new rules: tests, enemies, allies
- Greatest ordeal. Nearly fails, lives to continue
- Returns to ordinary world changed

38

How does 'This Is England' relate to Chris Vogler's Hero Model?

- Ordinary world: Shaun struggling cope with bullies
- Meets someone: Skinheads
- New world: Joins National Front
- Greatest ordeal: Milky's assault
- Returns to ordinary world: At beach

39

Define

Todorov's Theory of Narrative

Equilibrium - protagonist & antagonist's conflicting desires in balance
Disruption to equilibrium
Quest - seek to rectify the disruption
New equilibrium - protagonist & antagonist's conflicting desires in balance, but everything has changed

40

How does 'This Is England' relate to Todorov's Theory of Narrative?

Equilibrium - Shaun & skinheads hanging out
Disruption - Combo crashes party
Quest - Shaun joins National Front, skinheads try to talk him out of it
New equilibrium - Post Milky's assault