Section Five - Sport Physchology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section Five - Sport Physchology Deck (31):
1

What is the definition of skill?

A learned ability to bring about the result you want with confidence and minimum affort

2

What is an open skill?

performed in a changing environment where the performer has react to external factors.

3

What is a closed skill?

A skill that is always performed in the same stable enviroment

4

What is a basic skill?

One that doesn't require too much concentration

5

What is a complex skill?

One that requires a lot of concentration

6

How to mentally prepare for a skill

-mental rehearsal
-pre event practice
-deep breathing

7

How does goal setting help in training?

Motivation and confidence boosting

8

What does SMART goal setting stand for?

Specific
measurable
achievable
realistic
time

9

What are the different types of guidance/

verbal
visual
manual
mechanical

10

What are the + and - of verbal guidance?

POSITIVE
-can be combined with other feedback
-for experienced performers who can understand technical language
-can give guidance during a performance
DISADVANTAGES
-Less useful for high organisational skills(too difficult to explain)
-Would be confusing for a beginner

11

What are the + and - of visual guidance?

ADVANTAGES
-good for beginners as they can copy the skill
-Can be used to teach low organisational skills(can be shown step by step)
DISADVANTAGES
-harder to teach complex skills which are too difficult to copy

12

What are the + and - of manual guidance

ADVANTAGES
-helps you get the feel or muscle memory of a new skill
-works well with all skill levels
DISADVANTGES
-performer could start to rely on it and not be able to do it on their own
-difficult to use with big groups of learners

13

What are the + and - of mechanical guidance (using sport equipment)

ADVANTAGES
-good for teaching beginners potentially dangerous skills in a safe environment
-good for teaching complex skills
DISADVANTAGES
-A learner may unable to perform the skill without the equipment
-Difficult to use with large groups

14

What is intrinsic feedback?

Feedback you gain from yourself on how it felt-good for experienced performers

15

What is extrinsic feedback?

Feed back you gain from someone else telling you what happened and how to improve-useful for beginners because the don't know what is right

16

What is the difference between performance goals and outcome goals?

PERFORMANCE goals are personal standards to be achieved. The performer compared their performance against what they have already achieved.
OUTCOME goals focus on the end result like winning gold

17

What is gross skill?

Skills which involve big movements and large muscle groups

18

What are fine skills?

Small precise movements involving small muscle groups

19

What is the basic information processing diagram?

How you interpret information
Input>decision making>output>feedback

20

What are the different types of guidance?

-visual
-verbal-
-mechanical
-manual (someone helping u)

21

What types of guidance would be better for a beginner?
why?

-visual
-manual
-mechanical

-for confidence, a picture of what the skill looks like

22

What types of guidance would be better for an expert?

-verbal

23

What is the definition of arousal?

a physical or mental state of alertness/readiness`

24

What is the inverted U-theory?

The theory that as arousal increases, so does performance until the middle stage where it starts to decline again .
x=arousal
y=performance

25

What stress management techniques can be used to control arousal?

deep breathing
mental rehearsal/visualisation/imagery
positive self talk.

26

What is direct aggression?

When physical contact between performers is used in aggression to deliberately harm the opponent.
e.g
- a high, forceful rugby tackle
-a footballer pulling another performer down
-a boxer punching below the belt

27

What is indirect aggression?

Doesn't involve physical contact between performers. its an aggressive act which is aimed at the performer to gain an advantage.
-smashing badminton shuttle excessively hard
-kicking the football hard after opposing team has scored

28

What are the characteristics of an introvert?

shy/quiet
thoughtful
enjoy being on their own/loner

29

What are the characteristics of an extrovert?

enjoy interaction with others/sociable/aroused by others
enthusiastic/talkative
prone to boredom when isolated/by themselves.

30

What type of sports do introverts typically play?

Tend to play individual sports when:
concentration/precision (fine skill) is required
low arousal is required.

e.g golf, archery

31

What type of sports do extroverts typically play?

Tend to play team sports when:
there is a fast pace
concentration may need to be low
gross skills are used.
e.g rugby, football, doubles badminton