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Anesthesia II 2020 > Sedation introduction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sedation introduction Deck (30):
1

What was the first IV anesthetic?

-Pentothal

2

What is Brevital?

-Methahexatol

3

What did Brevital do?

-Made the airways very active resulting in a fair amount of laryngospasms

4

What is Fentanyl?

-Short acting very potent narcotic used for anesthesia

5

What are part of the new monitoring techniques now?

-Cardioscope (now a standard of care in IV sedative scenario)

6

What is Propofol?

-An anesthetic

7

What is Remifentanyl?

-A new narcotic that is ultrafast and ultrashort living (minutes) and is metabolized by the esterases in the blood stream

8

What is odontophobia?

Fear of the dentist

9

What is Iatrosedation?

-Relief of anxiety through the dentist's actions

10

What does the dentist do to create iatrosedation?

-Caring and empathy
-Communication and environment creating a bond of trust

11

What are nondrug psychodedative techniques?

-Hypnosis
-Acupuncture
-Music
-Aroma therapy
-Lighting

12

What type of sedation allows the patient to retain ability to independently and continuously maintain airway?

-Minimal sedation

13

What type of sedation is a drug induced depression of consciousness?

-Moderate sedation
-Deep sedation

14

What type of sedation involves patients that cannot be easily aroused?

-Deep sedation

15

What is a drug-induced loss of consciousness during which patients are not arousable, even by painful stimulation?

-General anesthesia

16

T/F The stages of anesthesia are not distinct, but rather a continuum

True

17

What type of onset do you get with oral anesthesia?

-Slow

18

What type of latent period do you have with oral anesthesia?

-Long

19

T/F Oral anesthesia can be titrated

False
-It can not be titrated

20

Can oral anesthetic action be altered once administrated?

No

21

What medications can you give sublingually?

-Nitroglycerine
-Triazolam

22

Intranasal anesthesia has a quick onset that is almost as fast as what?

-IV anesthesia

23

Can you titrate intranasal meds?

-No

24

What are two drugs given intranasally?

-Midazolam
-Sufentanil

25

T/F Transdermal routes of administration are limited for analgesia

True

26

What type of administration do you ketamine for?

-Intramuscular

27

What type of onset does intramuscular have?

-Rapid

28

How long does intramuscular lost for?

2-4 hours

29

Can intravenous anesthesia be titrated?

-Yes

30

T/F Intravenous anesthesia can produce periods of amnesia

True