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Patho./Pharm. > Seizures > Flashcards

Flashcards in Seizures Deck (11):
1

What types of seizures fall under the PARTIAL category?

Simple & Complex are categorized as what type of seizures?

2

What is a simple partial seizure?

Olfactory, auditory, visual hallucinations

Intense emotions

Twitching of arms, legs, face

3

What is a complex partial seizure?

Aura

Brief period of confusion\sleepiness and no memory after

Fumbling with or attempting to remove clothing

No response to verbal commands

4

What types of seizures fall under the GENERALIZED category?

Absent (petite mal)

Atonid (drop attack)

Tonic-clonic (grand mal)

5

What occurs during a absence or petite mal seizure?

Long a few seconds

Most seen in children (stare into space, eyelids fluttering)

Often misDx as ADHD/ daydreaming

6

What occurs during ATONID or drop attack seizures?

Falling back/stumbling for no reason

Lasts a few seconds

7

What occurs during a TONIC-CLONIC (grand mal) seizure?

Aura

Tonic phase: intense muscle contraction

Clonic phase: alternating contraction and relaxation of muscles

“Crying”: as air leaves lungs

Loss of bladder/bowel

Disorientation & sleep disorders post seizure


8

What types of seizures fall under the SPECIAL SYNDROMES category?

Febrile seizures, myoclonic seizures, status epilepticus

9

What occurs during a FEBRIL seizure?

Tonic clonic seizing activity lasting 1 to 2 min

rapid return to consciousness

children b/w 3 mth- 5 yo

10

What occurs during a MYOCLONIC seizure?

Major muscle groups large jerking movements

Falling from sitting position/drop what is held

11

What occurs during a STATUS EPILEPTICUS seizure?

Medical emergency

Continuous seizure activity, which can lead to coma and death