Flashcards in Select Financial Statement Accounts Deck (27):
Define "monetary assets."
An asset with fixed nominal value
Define "compensating balance."
A minimum balance that must be maintained by the firm in relation to a borrowing. It is classified as current or noncurrent based on the related loan classification.
List the items that are not included in cash.
-Legally restricted compensating balances
-Restricted cash funds
-Postdated checks received
-Checks written but not sent
-Advances to employees
Describe bank overdraft rules.
Overdrafts can be offset against cash in the same bank, but if the bank has insufficient cash at the same bank, the overdrafts are reported as a current liability.
List the items included in cash.
-Coin and currency
-Cash in bank
-Negotiable instruments, such as ordinary checks, cashier's checks, certified checks, and money orders
Define "cash equivalents."
-Treasury obligations (bills, notes, and bonds)
-Commercial paper (very short-term corporate notes)
-Money market funds
What does separation of duties accomplish?
Separation of duties makes it more difficult for employees to perpetrate fraud and gain access to the firm's cash.
What effect do overdrafts have in International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)?
They can be subtracted from cash rather than classified as a liability.
A firm borrows $10,000 for one year at 6% but must maintain a $700 compensating balance in an account with the lender financial institution. Determine the annual effective interest rate.
-The $700 is not included in the cash account but is rather reported in restricted cash, a current asset.
-The annual effective interest rate is 6.45% [($10,000 x (.06)/$9,300]. The net loan is only $9,300 ($10,000 – $700).
Main difference between US GAAP and IFRS pertaining to Cash?
The main difference between U.S. GAAP and IFRS is that bank overdrafts can be subtracted from cash, rather than classified as liabilities.
List the three types of bank reconciliations
1.Bank to book
2.Book to bank
3.Bank and book to true
List the adjustments made to a bank balance to arrive at book income.
-Deposits in transit
-Cash on hand (deposited cash receipts, not petty cash)
List the adjustments made to book balance to arrive at the bank balance.
-Nonsufficient funds (NSF) checks
-Errors in company's records
What is a deposit in transit?
Deposits made by a company that have not cleared the bank as of the bank statement date
What are outstanding checks?
Checks written and mailed by the company that have not cleared the bank by the bank statement date
What does cash on hand reflect?
Petty cash on hand and undeposited cash receipts
What does an NSF check represent?
"Nonsufficient funds" checks received from customers
What factors affect receivable valuation?
-Sales returns and allowances
List the characteristics of notes receivables.
-Typically they are noncustomer transactions.
-They have a longer time frame.
-They have an interest element.
What other name is used for customer accounts receivable?
What is the measurement attribute of accounts receivable?
Net realizable value
List the characteristics of accounts receivables.
-Typically they are related to customer contracts.
-They have a short time frame.
-Typically they have no interest element.
How are receivables accounted for using the gross method?
Receivables are recorded at gross invoice price (before cash discount)
List the two methods of accounting for accounts receivables.
Do International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) permit recognition of accounts receivable when there is a firm sales commitment?
Yes, in some instances when the recognition criteria have been met.
Define "contra to sales."