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Flashcards in Self Study Deck (26)
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1

orbital

isphere around nucleus where we can say the electron will be a certain % of the time

1

positively charged ion

cation

2

covalent bonds

sharing electrons

2

negatively charged ion

anion

3

the ability of a solute to dissolve in a solvent

solubility

4

hydrogen bond

bond that exists between a partially positive H and a partially negative atom (usually O, F or N) due to electronegativity

5

solubility

the ability of a solute to dissolve in a solvent

5

substance that makes a reaction faster or lowers the activation energy required for a reaction, these do not change in a reaction

catalyst

7

any atom or molecule where the protons don't equal electrons so it as a charge

ion

8

an atom gives an electron to another atom so they both become ions. they bond be cause the ions are attracted to each other

ionic bonds

8

sphere around nucleus where we can say the electron will be a certain % of the time

orbital

10

catalyst

substance that makes a reaction faster or lowers the activation energy required for a reaction, these do not change in a reaction

11

cation

positively charged ion

12

energy required to remove an electron from an atom in a neutral state

ionization energy

14

ionization energy

energy required to remove an electron from an atom in a neutral state

15

ion

any atom or molecule where the protons don't equal electrons so it as a charge

16

electrons in the outter most shell

valence electrons

17

bond that exists between a partially positive H and a partially negative atom (usually O, F or N) due to electronegativity

hydrogen bond

18

ionic bonds

an atom gives an electron to another atom so they both become ions. they bond be cause the ions are attracted to each other

19

electronegativity

when 2 atoms form covalent bonds and the covalent bond sharing isnt equal. some atoms "hog" electrons more

20

anion

negatively charged ion

22

when 2 atoms form covalent bonds and the covalent bond sharing isnt equal. some atoms "hog" electrons more

electronegativity

23

sharing electrons

covalent bonds

24

atom

smallest unit of a substance/element while retaining it's properties

25

smallest unit of a substance/element while retaining it's properties

atom

26

valence electrons

electrons in the outter most shell