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Flashcards in Semester 1 Final Review Deck (32)
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1

FFA MOTTO

Learning to Do, Doing to Learn, Earning to Live, Living to Serve.

2

FFA SALUTE

Pledge of Allegiance

3

FFA EMBLEM

-Rising Sun: promise of a new day/ tomorrow
-Owl: wisdom
-Plow: labor and tillage of the soil
-Eagle: Freedom
-Cross Section of the Ear of Corn: Unity

4

FFA COLORS

National Blue and Corn Gold

5

Average Age of Farmers:

58 years old

6

Average Farm Size:

285 acres

7

Number of Farms:

99,170

8

Missouri’s Commodity Rankings:

Answer

9

Top States in Farming:

Answer

10

Top US Imports and Exports:

Imports:
Exports:

11

Grassland:

Any plant community dominated by grasses.

12

Savannah:

Intermediate between grasslands and forests, widely spaced trees.

13

Glades:

Small, isolated, native grasslands, on hilltops and Southwest facing slopes.

14

Native Grassland:

Existed before the arrival of European Settlers.

15

Prairie:

Large, continuous native grasslands; trees and shrubs are nearly absent.

16

Grass:

Monocot- One seed leaf (cotyledon), fibrous root system.

17

Forb:

Broad-leaf, non-woody, herbaceous plant’s that are not grasses or legumes.

18

Legume:

Dicots- two seed leaves (cotyledons), bear fruit in pods.

19

Unpalatable Weed:

Plants — both grasses and broadleaves— that animals will not consume.

20

Forages:

Plants primarily grasses and legumes, grown as feed for livestock.

21

Monocot vs Dicot:

Monocot: One seed leaf
Dicot: Two seed leaves

22

Rotational Grazing:

Uses two pastures, with animals alternating between the different pastures in a preplanned cycle.

23

Continuous Grazing:

Only use one pasture to meet the needs of the livestock, which are allowed to graze freely on the plants available.

24

Management Intensive Grazing:

Form of rotational grazing, moving animals to new pastures when forage is available.

25

Carrying Capacity Formula:

Annual Forage Production x Seasonal Utilization Rate
Divided by:
Average Daily Intake x Length of Grazing Season

26

What part of the plant is most digestible?

The Leaves

27

Pasture vs Hayfield:

Pasture: A grassland enclosed by fencing, used to keep livestock.
Hayfield: May or may not have a fence, used for plants.

28

Management vs Conservation of Grasslands:

Grassland Management: Use and care of grasslands, changing to increase productivity.
Grassland Conservation: Wise use of grasslands to insure long term sustainability and productivity.

29

Management Techniques:

Mechanical Harvesting: Cutting forage for hay silage or green chop.
Grazing: Livestock and wildlife, primarily for forages.

30

Cattle Nutritional Needs:

Dry Beef Cow (DBC): 2%
Lactating Beef Cow Average (LBCA): 2.5%
Lactating Beef Cow Supreme (LBCS): 3%
Bull During Breeding Season (BDBS): 2.5%
Bull Out of Breeding Season (BOBS): 2%
Growing Steers, Bulls, and Heifers (GSBH): 3%