Semester 1 Study Guide Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Semester 1 Study Guide Deck (89):
1

Hygiene

the practice of keeping clean

2

Coping

dealing with problems and struggles in an effective

3

Your support system might include...

family and friends who will stand by you and encourage you when times get hard

4

Refusal Skills

different ways of saying no to something you don't want to do

5

Maintain social health by...

- showing respect to others
- being dependable
- expressing your true feelings
- asking for help when you need it

6

What influences your food choices?

- personal taste
- convenience
- culture
- friends
- cost
- family/religion
- availability

7

What causes Angela to eat a lot without exercising and gain weight, while Barbara eats less, exercises more but still gains weight?

metabolic rate (amount of energy used)

8

Nutrients that are building blocks for your body are...

- carbohydrates
- fats
- proteins
- vitamins
- minerals
- water

9

What is an example of positive self-talk?

"I like how my body looks."

10

Ezra and Joel both eat the same food for each meal. Ezra is overweight, but Joel is not. What is a possible explanation for the difference in their weights?

- lifestyle (sedentary vs. active)
- hereditary factors/genetics
- mental stress levels

11

Nutrition Facts Label shows...

- serving
- calorie
- ingredient information

12

What is an example of an "I" statement?

"I hate how my body looks."
"I am okay with my weight."

13

What involves an unhealthy concern with one's weight?

anorexia nervosa

14

Examining your health routines is an example of which life skill?

assessing your health

15

A mentally healthy person is not...

overwhelmed by emotions such as:
- fear
- anger
- love
- jealousy
- guilt
- anger
- anxiety

16

Peers play an important part in your social health because they...

influence you

17

What media messages might convince a teen to buy the advertised product?

- make them feel dissatisfied
- show them how to feel more satisfied, popular, happy, attractive, fun, etc.
- fashion and trends are always changing
- stressing status and competition

18

What is an example of proactive healthcare?

wearing a helmet

19

Saying no to a peer who offers you a cigarette is an example of...

a refusal skill

20

To make good decisions you should...

- not fear consequences
- go with your gut
- consider your emotions
- keep your eye on your goal
- beware of social pressure
- limit your options

21

Values are...

accepting that a decision you make will affect you and others

22

Deciding to drink a beer because your friend wants you to is an example of...

negative peer pressure

23

Your decisions are influenced by...

- peers
- family
- conscience (self)

24

Magazines, Facebook, Instagram are examples of what type of influence?

media influence

25

Stephen went to a friend's party and drank some alcohol. Getting into trouble with his parents is an example of...

consequence

26

The first step in making an action plan is...

define the problem

27

A good way to cope with a setback is to...

- step back and reflect
- find a confidante
- stay positive
- focus on the future more than the past
- learn from experience

28

Good communication skills include...

- staying focused
- choosing your words carefully
- paying attention to your body language

29

Active listening is...

showing that you understand what the person is communicating

30

Refusal skills are...

a way to say no to something you don't want to do

31

How can distress hurt your relationships?

- take feelings out on others
- you become emotionally unavailable

32

Rest is important between workouts because...

gives your body time to recover

33

What is an example of a chronic injury?

stress fracture

34

Overload in exercise means...

exercising your body more than usual to improve fitness

35

Which of the following is most likely to affect your emotional health?

- changes during teen years

36

A coping strategy that can help you deal with life is...

taking a break to work on something else

37

You do not maintain emotional health by...

trying to be happy all the time

38

Wellness is achieved by balancing your...

- physical health
- mental health
- emotional health
- social health

39

What is an example of preventive healthcare?

- taking steps to prevent illness or an accident
- regular exercise
- regular check-ups with a doctor

40

Setting realistic goals and believing every problem has a solution is...

persistance

41

If you are irritable or unkind because of your stress you might be...

distressed

42

Stella keeps a journal of her guitar practice time. This is an example of...

time management

43

When you restate what someone has said to you, you show...

active listening

44

Refusal skills include...

- saying no
- staying focused on the issue
- standing your ground
- walking away

45

Hannah is not making much progress learning her new trombone piece. She decides to have a snack and listen to her favorite music. This is a way of...

coping

46

Javier wanted to pass his math test. He decided to study an extra hour three nights before the test. This is a way of...

preparing

47

Mistakes can help you...

improve

48

Methods we sometimes use to quickly lower our stress without solving the problem are...

defense mechanisms
- rationalization
- displacement
- repression
- denial
- projection

49

Finding something to laugh about daily, treating other people with respect, and exercising daily are ways to do what?

- cope with stress
- improve mental health

50

Besides improving fitness, sports can...

improve self-esteem and help you make friends

51

A pattern of eating is called a...

diet

52

Frustration, depression, irritability, and poor concentration are...

signs of distress

53

Two healthy ways to prevent distress are...

- making a plan
- setting goals

54

The balance between the calories you eat and the calories you use is called...

metabolism

55

Stacy eats only one meal a day. All she eats is salad. She may suffer from...

anorexia nervosa

56

How much you value, respect, and feel confident about yourself is called...

self-esteem

57

Being responsible for your healthcare does not include...

social, cultural, economic, and environmental causes of health

58

Exercise improves body composition by...

making it more healthy and lowering unhealthy factors

59

Fruits and vegetables contain...

- vitamins
- minerals

60

When you exercise too much, your body doesn't have time to...

recover

61

A typical meal for Samuel includes: two hamburgers, three hot dogs, three pieces of pie, and a liter of Mountain Dew. What health issue could Samuel be suffering from?

binge eating disorder

62

Obesity may be the result of...

- genetics
- poor mental health
- medication
- overeating
- environment

63

The ability to guide people in an organized and responsible way is...

leadership

64

Substances in food that your body needs to function properly are called...

nutrients

65

Components of Physical Fitness

- cardiorespiratory endurance
- muscular strength
- muscular endurance
- body composition
- flexibility

66

Pull-ups test which part of fitness?

muscle strength

67

FITT Principle (for exercise program)

- frequency
- intensity
- time
- type

68

What is an example of an acute injury?

- wrist fracture
- ankle sprain
- shoulder dislocation

69

Muscular strength can be measured as...

lifting something really heavy

70

Cardiorespiratory endurance can be tested by...

running or walking one mile

71

The number of times your heart beats per minute is called...

heart rate

72

The key components of an exercise program is called the...

FITT principle

73

Active rest is a reduced level of exercise that...

lets the body repair itself while you maintain your fitness

74

Conditioning helps your body...

by improving your muscles and endurance

75

The slow increase of overload over time is called...

progression

76

What are the 6 sports-related skills in physical fitness?

- agility
- balance
- power
- coordination
- reaction time
- speed

77

What is an example of cross-training?

- cycling
- swimming
- aqua jogging
- elliptical
- nordic skiing

78

Overcommitment to sports can lead to injuries because...

you can exercise too much and not give your body time to recover

79

The ability of your heart and lungs to work efficiently during physical activity is called...

cardiorespiratory endurace

80

Your maximum heart rate isn't affected by fitness but by...

age

81

Power is the combination of...

speed and strength

82

Agility is the ability to move your body...

quickly and accurately

83

Specificity is the idea that what you do affects...

how your fitness improves

84

What are 4 signs of overtraining?

- getting hurt more often
- being tired all the time
- being less interested in the activity
- increased resting heart rate

85

A calorie is...

a unit of energy

86

Sugar and honey are examples of

simple carbohydrates

87

When you exercise for a long time, your brain releases a chemical called...

endorphins

88

Good communication skills can help you reach your goals by..

learning how to speak and how to listen

89

When planning to start exercising, the formula you use to determine your exercise level is...

FITT principle