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Flashcards in semua soal Deck (78)
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1
Q

The stage of swallowing which is voluntary phase are

a. Anticipatory stage and oral stage
b. Oral stage and esophageal stage
c. Anticipatory stage and pharyngeal stage
d. Pharyngeal stage and esophageal stage

A

A

2
Q

Purpose of velopharyngeal seal in swallowing

a. creates positive pressure in pharynx chamber
b. creates positive pressure in oral chamber
c. close pharynx chamber to maintain pressure
d. close off oropharyngeal seal to maintain pressure

A

A

The velopharyngeal closure mechanism acts as a valve to separate the oral and nasal cavities during speech and swallowing.
velopharyngeal closure enables the build up of pressure in the pharynx

3
Q

Appropriate for normal movement in hyolaryngeal excursion

a. hyoid moves down up to one cervical vertebrae
b. thyroid cartilage moves toward the hyoid
c. hyoid moves backward between anterior mandible and posterior mandible ramus
d. thyroid cartilage moves up to one cervical vertebrae

A

B

larynx and hyoid bone, during swallow, elevate and move anteriorly by the pull of the floor of mouth muscles. Hyoid elevates 2 cm.
The thyrohyoid draws toward the hyoid.

4
Q

purpose of stylopharyngeus muscle contraction

a. control access into esophageal chamber
b. decrease pressure in hypopharingeal
c. creates positive pressure in esophageal chamber
d. assist upper esophageal sphincter

A

D

Upon contraction, this stylopharyngeus muscle elevates the upper part of the pharynx, which occurs during speech and swallowing.

5
Q

the factor that cause food to move down the pharynx during the rest of the pharyngeal stage

a. stripping action of the ‘pharyngeal tongue’
b. the present of positive pressure in the hypopharynx
c. the force contraction of pharyngeal constrictor
d. propulsive action of the ‘pharyngeal tongue’

A

C

6
Q

The risk status of patient leprosy is ‘at risk of damage’, it means that the impairment is

a. Neuritis acute, loss of function but still reversible
b. Thickness, tenderness of the nerve without loss of function
c. Sensory loss with muscle weakness
d. Thickness, tenderness of nerve and loss of function

A

B

Stage of involvement (stage before damage)

  • Penebalan saraf
  • Nyeri tekan pd saraf perifer
  • Tdk ada ggn fg.saraf (anestesi,kelemahan otot)
7
Q

stage III leprosy

a. nerve damage, recovery possible
b. nerve damage without loss of function
c. sensory loss without muscle weakness
d. nerve damage and recovery not possible

A

D

Stage of destruction (stage III)
Saraf rusak secara permanen
Paralisis lengkap . 1 thn.
Fg. Saraf tdk dp diperbaiki

8
Q

Pain, …. Are changes as complication of leprosy, which of the following term is appropriate

a. Primary impairment
b. secondary impairment
c. disability
d. destitution

A

B

9
Q

Available option for patient with blister on the foot caused by walking

a. Cover the blister with thick gauze
b. Instruct the patient to do active exercise
c. Using crutches during walking, keeping the foot off the ground
d. …

A

A

10
Q

Cause of leprosy reaction

A

immunity

11
Q

Hubbard tank used in subacute stage

a. 13-18 degrees
b. 37-40 degrees
c. 45-50 degrees
d. 27-33.5 degrees

A

ga

12
Q

temperature of contrast bath

A

 10-18 and 38-44 degrees celcius

13
Q

Hydrotherapy for lower extremities

a. lowboy
b. hubbard tank
c. pool
d. hydrocollator pack

A

ga

14
Q
  1. The position of patient with buoyancy-resisting exc for the back extensor
    a. Side-floating position supported by the therapist
    b. Side lying position in an underwater plinth
    c. Prone lying on an inclined stretcher
    d. Supine floating with his hand on the side rails of the pool
A

ga

15
Q
  1. Exercise in water offer certain advantages, because of its property of buoyancy and cohesion. In buoyancy-resisted exc of the deltoid for the posterior muscle, the position of the patient is
    a. Supine
    b. Side lying
    c. Forward flexion of the trunk
    d. Extension of the trunk
A

ga

16
Q
  1. Low specific heat can provide approximately … times the … of heat as water
    a. 3
    b. 4
    c. 5
    d. 6
A

ga

17
Q
  1. ratio of wax : oil in paraffin bath
    a. 7:1
    b. 6:1
    c. 5:1
    d. 4:1
A

ga

18
Q

inches from patient for IRR

a. 22
b. 23
c. 24
d. 25

A

ga

19
Q

Non luminous generator

a. placing at the far end of the Infra Red Spectrum
b. produce some degree of visible light
c. some of the treatment energy is reflected by the surface of the skin
d. penetration more deep than luminous generator

A

ga

20
Q

Correct statement about conductive heat

A

A heat transfer from one point to another without noticeable movement

21
Q

Muscle endurance

A

ga

22
Q

Which one is a normal symptom found in post amputation?

a. Phantom pain
b. Phantom sensation
c. Neuroma
d. Varicousa hyperplasia

A

B

23
Q

Varicosa Hyperplasia usually happen in what type of amputation?

a. Transfemoral
b. Transtibial
c. …

A

ga

24
Q

Laser point in pressure ulcer

a. spotting the points in healthy skin
b. …
A

ga

25
Q

Differentiate between HeNe and GaAlAs

a. Laser HeNe penetrate deeper than GaAlAs
b. ….
A

ga

26
Q

Frenkel exc

A

lower extremity

27
Q

Parameter dosage of ultrasound :

a. Freq, Intensity, Modulation, Distribution of Frekwensi, ERA, duration
b. M, F, DF
c. MF, I, ERA, DF, BNR
d. MF, I, ERA, DF

A

ga

28
Q

Penetration of US, depends on :

a. frequency
b. intensity
c. attenuation
d. absorption

A

ga

29
Q

Transverse wave in US :

- move in solid media

A

ga

30
Q

Which sentences is right?

a. the absorption of 1 MHz frequencies 3 times more rapid than 3 MHz
b. the attenuation depend on absorption, scattering and penetration
c. the reflection and transmission depend on impedance
d. the acoustic streaming cannot be increased by cavitation
A

ga

31
Q

HVPC

a. a direct current and biphasic
b. a monophasic pulsed current
c. a diadynamic pulsed curret
d. symmetric biphasic pulsed current
A

ga

32
Q

Good conduction :

a. Tendon
b. Nerve
c. Bone
d. Muscle

A

gaa

33
Q

Burst Modulation

a. the physiological effect of burst of pulse is the same with single pulse
b. the current amplitude will be increased
c. used for getting muscle contraction
d. usully 1/3 on time
A

ga

34
Q

. iontophoresis :

a. Faradic
b. Russian
c. Galvanic
d. Interferential

A

ga

35
Q

½ or full wave rectified sinusoidal current :

a. Faraday
b. Russian
c. Diadynamic
d. Microcurrent

A

ga

36
Q

½ or full wave rectified sinusoidal current :

a. Faraday
b. Russian
c. Diadynamic
d. Microcurrent

A

ga

37
Q

for achieving depends on :

a. The amount of particles
b. Area distribution
c. a and b
d. a and b and residual volume

A

ga

38
Q

US nebulizer, the size of particles formed depends on :

a. sound
b. ossilation frequency
c. wave
d. temperature
A

ga

39
Q

The indication of humidity therapy are:

a. relieve upper airway, sputum production, overcome humidity deficit
b. relieve upper airway, sputum induction, overcome humidity deficit
c. relieve upper airway, sputum production, get further drying secretion
d. sputum production, get further drying secretion, to increase airway swelling
A

ga

40
Q

Which one of the sentences below is right?
a. the hypertonic saline draws out water from the tissue of throat trachea to help liquefy secretion for
expectorant
b. the disadvantage of hypertonic saline is breakdown adrenergic bronchodilators
c. the dose of bisolvon for 2-5 years old is 1 ml bid
d. corticosteroid cannot be used by nebulizer

A

ga

41
Q

The differentiate parameter prescription of physical therapy non exercise, especially is

a. duration
b. intensity
c. weight
d. modulation
A

ga

42
Q

The factors must be considered to choose the dosage of ultrasound

a. size of probe, depth of lesion, nature of lesion
b. size of area, size of probe, mode of ultrasound
c. size of probe, frequency of ultrasound, size of lesion
d. size of area, depth of lesion, nature of lesion
A

ga

43
Q

prescription of strengthening exercise consist of

a. type, repetition, frequency, intensity, wave
b. regio, type, repetition, freq, duration, angle, precaution, technique
c. type, duration, region, modulation, intensity, total dose
d. precaution, freq, application of technique, region, repetition, type, duration, modulation
A

ga

44
Q

the prescription for ambulation exercise should include

a. strengthening, stretching, using orthotic
b. hydrotherapy and matrass
c. resistance
d. physical therapy
A

ga

45
Q

one of important point for ES prescription is

a. wave form
b. distance
c. angle of pad
d. application technique
A

ga

46
Q

the patient is 45 years old who comes to the clinic with back pain. From phys. Exam. Of back reveals that she has an unbalanced scoliosis S curve. What are the option for treating at this time

a. modalities for pain
b. extension exercise
c. flexion exercise
d. spinal orthotic
A

ga

47
Q

after a month of treatment, she comes to the clinic for follow up. The radiologic exam reveals that the cobb apex in thoracal angle is 30o, lumbar 25o. how do you manage the patient at this time?

a. scoliosis exercise + breathing exc
b. flexion exc + breathing exc
c. scoliosis exc + a spinal orthosis
d. spinal orthotic + breathing exc
A

ga

48
Q

. the same patient come back one year later, but now she complains of pain in her knee. What is the main cause of the knee?

a. related to her age
b. related to biomechanical
c. related to her dietary habit
d. related to her sedentary lifestyle
A

ga

49
Q

can you com… a comprehension treatment program for this patient

a. flex-ext exc + diet restriction + education
b. education proper body mech + spinal orthotic + flex-ext exc + dietary restriction
c. proper body mech + scoliosis exc + diet restriction
d. spinal orthotic + flx-ext exc + diet restriction + education PBM
A

ga

50
Q

the patient hears about spinal brace, that they might help relieve her back pain, suitable?

a. Milwaukee
b. Boston
c. Knight
d. Taylor
A

ga

51
Q

when you have a patient with back pain VAS is 8-9, first modalities?

a. IRR
b. TENS
c. Medication
d. Gentle stretching exc
A

ga

52
Q

a patient with back pain 6 months ago, beginning to come and … 4 months continuity. At his time what kind of treatment?

a. IRR
b. TENS
c. Medication
d. gentle stretching exc
A

ga

53
Q

contraindication vigorous heating

a. LBP ec spondilitis TB
b. post ORIF with joint contracture
c. moderate LBP with spasm muscle
d. LBP ec spondilitis that accompanied by radiating pain
A

ga

54
Q

Important… should be considered in applying electrical in SWD

a. electrode should be is closed contact with skin
b. close spacing site most freq
c. uneven spacing leads to concentration of field closest to…
d. distance between electrode must be greater … skin electrode distance of 2 electrode
A

ga

55
Q

Potential danger in SWD must be taken into account is

a. burn can happen because of overtime therapy
b. dangerous for skinny patient because subcutaneous fat layer is thin
c. long term health risk to press work with SWD
d. poor dissipation of heat from eye during therapy to cervical spine
A

ga

56
Q
Women, 36 years old, pain in the right buttock, 1 month, radiating to the right. She is home industry maker  kebaya.
76. the most possible diagnosis
	a. herniatic disc
`	b. lumbar strain
	c. spondilosisn deformity
	d. cauda equine syndrome
A

ga

57
Q

Women, 36 years old, pain in the right buttock, 1 month, radiating to the right. She is home industry maker kebaya.
overweight, hyperlordotic lumbar , no tender point In lumbar vertebrae, tender point in right gluteal, tightness hamstring. Program?
a. USD gluteal gluteal muscle + massage
b. bed rest for two days
c. semirigid spinal brace to enhance proper posture
d. MWD at gluteal area follow by stretching

A

ga

58
Q
Women, 36 years old, pain in the right buttock, 1 month, radiating to the right. She is home industry maker  kebaya.
exercise yang bisa diberikan 
	a. flexor exc- breathing exc
	b. scoliosis exc-s[pinal orthosis
	c. scoliosis exc-breathoing exc
	d.
A

ga

59
Q

Women, 36 years old, pain in the right buttock, 1 month, radiating to the right. She is home industry maker kebaya.
several months later she feel pain on her right knee. It is caused by
a. biomechanic
b. age
c. overweight
d. faulty posture

A

ga

60
Q

Women, 36 years old, pain in the right buttock, 1 month, radiating to the right. She is home industry maker kebaya
comprehensive program
a. proper body mechanic education, flexor extensor exc,
b.

A

ga

61
Q

a 43 year old man has a resting heart rate of 63 beats per minute, with exercise intensity is 75 %, what is his maximal target rate according to the Karvonen formula?

a. 110 beats /min
b. 135 beats/min
c. 150 beats/min
d. 200 beats/min

A

ga

62
Q

In aerobic metabolism:

a. Lactic acid accumulates after 3 minutes

A

ga

63
Q

Holding a heavy object at waist level is considerably easier than lifting the same object, because:

a. Isometric contractions produce the maximum possible force
b. Static exercise requires only adequate glycogen stores as opposed to an aerobic debt
c. Motor unit synchronization is more easily achieved in such a position
d. Isometric contractions produce more force than concentric contractions

A

fa

64
Q

Passive ROM can be useful to increase mobility

a. Maintenance elasticity and contractility of muscle
b. Increase nutrition for the joint
c. Sensory feed back
d. Increase mineralization to the bone

A

ga

65
Q

The function of loose connective tissue

a. Insulates organ
b. Store energy
c. Stabilized bone
d. Cushions organ

A

ga

66
Q

Function of dense regular connective tissue

a. Cushion and shocks organs
b. Provide strength to resist force
c. Conducts pull of muscle
d. Helps prevent over expansion of organ

A

ga

67
Q

in endurance exercise, which one is appropriate for decreasing muscle fatiguability

a. increase oxidative capacity of muscle
b. increase utilization of free fatty acid
c. increase of number of muscle fibers
d. decrease utilization of glycogen

A

ga

68
Q

Histochemistri chabge accompaniying Muscle Strengthening with heavy resisten train included:

a. muscle fibers spitting
b. decrease sacroplasma volume
c. increase mitochondria density
d. additional Actin-Myosin Filament

A

ga

69
Q

During strengthening, force of muscle contraction is:

a. greatest in isometric contraction
b. greatest in isotonic contraction
c. greastest in eccentric contraction
d. equal in all types of contraction

A

ga

70
Q

a warning signal to cease aerobic exercise in the elderly

a. rapid breathing
b. nausea during exercise
c. heart rate at 75% max heart rate
d. shortness of breath lasting than 5 min after exercise

A

ga

71
Q

Which would be the safest and most efficacious exercise program to improve both strength and endurance in a healthy 75 year old woman?

a. swimming
b. circuit training
c. stationary cycling
d. free weight at 60% and 80% of 1 RM
A

ga

72
Q

The rehabilitation management of post polio syndrome includes all of the following, EXCEPT:

a. resistive exercise to fatigue
b. energy conservation exercise
c. cardiopulmonary exercise for ambulation
d. stretches exercise to prevent hamstring contracture
A

ga

73
Q

The type of early exercise that needed for healthy person with moderate knee osteoarthritis is:

a. tennis
b. treadmill
c. step aerobic
d. stationary bicycle
A

ga

74
Q

Contraindication for high velocity manipulation techniques is

a. facet syndrome
b. functional and mechanical LBP
c. bulging disk
d. psoriatic arthritis
A

ga

75
Q

Thrust maneuver of the manual manipulation technique is

a. functional technique
b. counterstrain
c. muscle energy technique
d. mobilization with impulse/high velocity, low amplitude
A

ga

76
Q

Contraindication to lumbar traction is

a. cauda equine compression
b. hypermobile joints
c. rheumatoid arthritis
d. central intervertebral disc herniation
A

ga

77
Q

Which of the following statement is true according to cervical traction?

a. cervical traction can be used in standing position
b. cervical traction can be used in supine position
c. cervical extension position between 20-30 degrees
d. cervical traction using a cervical sling by mechanical force
A

ga

78
Q

Cervical Traction

a. use a thoracic belt and head chin
b. use a chest belt, head or chin sling
c. use a head or chin sling
d. use a head, cervical or chin sling

A

ga