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Flashcards in Sentences Deck (58):
1

What 4 characteristics must a GRAMMATICALLY CORRECT SENTENCE have?

1. Correct punctuation (capital letter and full stop)
2. It must have a finite verb
3. It must have a subject
4. It must make complete sense by itself

2

What punctuation does a GRAMMATICALLY CORRECT SENTENCE need?

Must start with a capital letter and end with a full stop/exclamation mark/question mark

3

What is a FINITE VERB?

A verb that has a specific tense

4

What is the SUBJECT of a SENTENCE?

The person/thing that does the action described by the verb

5

Identify the SUBJECT in the following SENTENCE

Sally was a very good singer.

Sally

6

Identify the SUBJECT in the following SENTENCE

He collected all the Beatles' records.

He

7

Identify the SUBJECT in the following SENTENCE

The cat and the dog fought from dawn to dusk.

The cat, The dog

8

What is a DIRECT OBJECT?

The noun or pronoun which is on the receiving end of the action undertaken by the subject of the sentence

9

Identify the DIRECT OBJECT in the following SENTENCE

He sold the car.

The car

10

Identify the INDIRECT OBJECT in the following SENTENCE

She offered Eric a job.

Eric

11

Identify the INDIRECT OBJECT in the following SENTENCE

Please pass your brother the salt.

Your brother

12

Identify the INDIRECT OBJECT in the following SENTENCE

You have written me an interesting letter.

Me

13

What is an INDIRECT OBJECT?

The person/thing to whom something is given or for whom something is done

14

What is a PHRASE?

A group of words which does not contain a subject or a finite verb

15

What is a CLAUSE?

A group of words that makes sense on its own because it contains a SUBJECT and a FINITE VERB

16

For the following sentence, identify the CLAUSE

He chose the dog with the pointed ears.

He chose the dog

17

For the following sentence, identify the PHRASE

He chose the dog with the pointed ears.

with the pointed ears

18

For the following sentence, identify the CLAUSE

He sang with great skill.

He sang

19

For the following sentence, identify the PHRASE

He sang with great skill.

with great skill

20

For the following sentence, identify the CLAUSE

He washes all the windows in the house.

He washes

21

For the following sentence, identify the PHRASE

He washes all the windows in the house.

all the windows in the house

22

For the following sentence, identify the CLAUSE

Panting hard, he struggled to catch his breath.

he struggled to catch his breath

23

For the following sentence, identify the PHRASE

Panting hard, he struggled to catch his breath.

Panting hard

24

What is a MAIN CLAUSE/INDEPENDENT CLAUSE?

A clause that makes complete sense on its own - it is a sentence in its own right

25

What is a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE?

Contains a subject and a finite verb, but cannot stand alone and make sense

26

Is the clause in capital letters a MAIN CLAUSE or a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE?

When I pushed the button THE MUSIC GOT LOUDER.

Main

27

Is the clause in capital letters a MAIN CLAUSE or a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE?

WHEN I PUSHED THE BUTTON the music got louder.

Subordinate

28

Is the clause in capital letters a MAIN CLAUSE or a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE?

THE HORSE, which I recognised as mine, HAD A PLAITED MANE

Main

29

Is the clause in capital letters a MAIN CLAUSE or a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE?

The horse, WHICH I RECOGNISED AS MINE, had a plaited mane.

Subordinate

30

What kind of CONJUNCTIONS do CLAUSES of equal importance get joined with?

Co-ordinating

31

List the FANBOYS (co-ordinating) CONJUNCTIONS

For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so

32

List some SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS

When, because, although, while, since, if

33

Is the following CONJUNCTION CO-ORDINATING or SUBORDINATING?

And

Co-ordinating

34

Is the following CONJUNCTION CO-ORDINATING or SUBORDINATING?

But

Co-ordinating

35

Is the following CONJUNCTION CO-ORDINATING or SUBORDINATING?

Nor

Co-ordinating

36

Is the following CONJUNCTION CO-ORDINATING or SUBORDINATING?

When

Subordinating

37

Is the following CONJUNCTION CO-ORDINATING or SUBORDINATING?

To

Subordinating

38

Is the following CONJUNCTION CO-ORDINATING or SUBORDINATING?

Although

Subordinating

39

Is the following CONJUNCTION CO-ORDINATING or SUBORDINATING?

Since

Subordinating

40

Is the following CONJUNCTION CO-ORDINATING or SUBORDINATING?

While

Subordinating

41

How many MAIN CLAUSES does a SIMPLE SENTENCE contain?

One

42

How many FINITE VERBS does a SIMPLE SENTENCE have?

One

43

How many MAIN CLAUSES does a COMPOUND SENTENCE contain?

Two or more

44

Define a COMPOUND SENTENCE

Two or more simple sentences joined by a co-ordinating conjunction or by a semi-colon. They can never be joined by a comma alone.

45

How many MAIN CLAUSES does a COMPLEX SENTENCE contain?

One (and one or more subordinate clauses)

46

Is the following sentence SIMPLE, COMPOUND or COMPLEX?

Bill laughed.

Simple

47

Is the following sentence SIMPLE, COMPOUND or COMPLEX?

I put more wood on the fire, and we settled down for a cosy night.

Compound

48

Is the following sentence SIMPLE, COMPOUND or COMPLEX?

While I was chopping the wood you were snoring in bed.

Complex

49

Is the following sentence SIMPLE, COMPOUND or COMPLEX?

The horse remained in the stable.

Simple

50

Is the following sentence SIMPLE, COMPOUND or COMPLEX?

Bill didn't own a car so he seldom went for a drive.

Compound

51

Is the following sentence SIMPLE, COMPOUND or COMPLEX?

I placed the poker, which by then was red-hot, on the hearth.

Complex

52

Is the following sentence SIMPLE, COMPOUND or COMPLEX?

After nine o'clock a very tired Mary and Harry walked slowly back from the beach.

Simple

53

Is the following sentence SIMPLE, COMPOUND or COMPLEX?

You should be proud of your son; he came top of the class.

Compound

54

Is the following sentence SIMPLE, COMPOUND or COMPLEX?

When the clock struck he entered the room.

Complex

55

What is the MAIN CLAUSE in this COMPLEX SENTENCE?

While I was chopping the wood you were snoring in bed.

you were snoring in bed

56

What is the MAIN CLAUSE in this COMPLEX SENTENCE?

I placed the poker, which by then was red-hot, on the hearth.

I placed the poker on the hearth

57

What is the MAIN CLAUSE in this COMPLEX SENTENCE?

When the clock struck he entered the room.

he entered the room

58

What is a COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE?

A combination of compound and complex sentences. It has two main clauses and at least one subordinate clause