Ser and Estar Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ser and Estar Deck (72):
1

When is Ser used?

To talk about permanent or lasting attributes

D escriptions
O ccupations
C haracteristics
T ime
O rigins
R elationships

2

Why is ser used for descriptions?

Descriptions are the essential qualities that define a person or thing and probably won't change anytime soon

- Names
- Physical descriptions
- Nationalities
- Religions

3

I am Raul

Yo soy Raúl

4

I am tall, dark-skinned and thin

Yo soy alta, morena y delgada

5

Bob is English

Bob es inglés

6

Andres is Catholic

Andrés es católico

7

Why is ser used for occupations?

An occupation is what someone does for a living or as a hobby, so if you're talking about how someone makes money or fills their time, you'll use ser

8

I am a Spanish teacher

Soy profesora de español (SER)

9

They are students

Ellos son estudiantes (SER)

10

My father was a gardener

Mi padre era jardinero (SER)

11

Juanita is a dancer

Juanita es bailarina (SER)

12

Amalia is intelligent, daring and friendly

Amalia es inteligente, atrevida y amable (SER)

13

Today is Wednesday

Hoy es miércoles (SER)

14

Yesterday was my birthday

Ayer fue mi cumpleaños (SER)

15

Ahora es la una

Right now it is one o'clock (SER)

16

Son las cinco veinticinco

It's five twenty-five (SER)

17

Cecilia is from Spain

Cecilia es de España (SER)

18

This chocolate is from Mexico

Este chocolate es de Mexico (SER)

19

The chairs are made out of wood

Las sillas son de madera (SER)

20

My ring is made of gold

Mi anillo es de oro (SER)

21

Lynne is my mother

Lynne es mi madre (SER)

22

Marcos is my ex-boyfriend

Marcos es mi exnovio (SER)

23

Juana is my boss

Juana es mi jefe (SER)

24

When is estar used?

Estar is used to indicate temporary states and locations

25

My grandmother is seated

Mi abuela está sentada (ESTAR)

26

I was lying down when you called me

Estaba acostada cuando me llamaste (ESTAR)

27

The bathroom is to the right of the living room

El baño está a la derecha de la sala (ESTAR)

28

We are are at the café right now and we will be at the cinema in 20 minutes

Estamos en el café ahora y estaremos en el cine en 20 minutos (ESTAR)

29

My grandfather is out of it

Mi abuelo está en la luna (ESTAR)

30

Is Ser or Estar used to describe the location of an event or party?

Ser

31

The party is at my house

La fiesta es en mi casa (SER)

32

I am washing the dirty dishes

Estoy lavando los platos sucios (ESTAR)

33

We are reading the newspapers

Estamos leyendo los periódicos (ESTAR)

34

Mi bisabuelo está muerto

My great-grandfather is dead

35

Is Ser or Estar used to talk about being dead?

Death in Spanish is seen as an ongoing action, not a permanent state, so star is used to talk about being dead

36

I am so tired this morning

Estoy tan cansada esta mañana

37

My children are sick today

Mis niños están enfermos hoy

38

My father is a little crazy

Mi padre está un poco loco

39

I am sad

Estoy triste

40

She is happy because she got some flowers from her boyfriend

Ella está contenta porque recibió unas flores de su novio

41

Ser aburrido

To be boring

42

Estar aburrido

To be bored

43

To be good

Ser bueno

44

To be tasty / attractive

Estar bueno

45

To be a tiring person

Ser cansado

46

Estar cansado

To be tired

47

Ser grave

To be serious

48

Estar grave

To be seriously ill

49

To be clever

Ser listo

50

To be ready

Estar listo

51

To be bad

Ser malo

52

Estar malo

To be ill

53

To be conceited / vain

Ser orgulloso

54

Estar orgulloso

To be proud

55

Ser moreno

To be dark-skinned

56

To be tanned

Estar moreno

57

To be pale-skinned

Ser pálido

58

To be pale

Estar pálido

59

Ser pesado

To be heavy / to be boring

60

To be annoying

Estar pesado

61

To be rich

Ser rico

62

To be tasty

Estar rico

63

Ser seguro

To be safe

64

To be certain

Estar seguro

65

Ser verde

To be green

66

To be unripe

Estar verde

67

Ser viejo

To be old

68

To look old

Estar viejo

69

To be sharp

Ser vivo

70

To be alive

Estar vivo

71

How tiring you are! Stop talking about yourself already

¡Qué cansado eres! Ya deja hablar de ti mismo

72

If you're tired, you can lay down on the sofa

Si estás cansado, te puedes acostar en el sofá