The Preterite and Imperfect Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Preterite and Imperfect Deck (55):
1

When is the preterite tense used?

Used generally for completed actions (with definite beginning and end points)

2

I went to the dance last night

Fui al baile anoche

3

I walked to the market, bought some bananas, and returned home

Caminé al mercado, compré unos plátanos, y regresé a casa

4

He called you three times

Te llamó tres veces

5

I spoke with my mother from two o’clock until three o’clock

Hablé con mi madre de las dos hasta las tres

6

Which tense does anteayer trigger?

The day before yesterday

Triggers preterite

7

Which tense does en ese momento trigger?

At that moment

Triggers preterite

8

Which tense does desde el primer momento trigger?

From the first moment

Triggers preterite

9

When is the imperfect used?

- actions in the past without a definite end
- actions that were repeated habitually
- time and dates
- a person's age in the past
- characteristics
- mental or physical states

10

When I was a child, I used to play with dolls.

Cuando era niña, jugaba con las muñecas

11

The boys were speaking in Spanish

Los chicos hablaban en español

12

I was sleeping when the telephone rang

Estaba durmiendo cuando el teléfono sonó

13

Cuando tenía tres años, era muy pequeño

When he was three years old, he was very small

14

What are the regular preterite endings for -ar verbs?

- é
- aste
- ó
- amos
- asteis
- aron

15

What are the regular preterite endings for -er / -ir verbs?

- í
- iste
- ió
- imos
- isteis
- ieron

16

Conjugate hablar in the preterite

- hablé
- hablaste
- habló
- hablamos
- hablasteis
- hablaron

17

Conjugate escribir in the preterite

- escribí
- escribiste
- escribió
- escribimos
- escribisteis
- escribieron

18

Conjugate comer in the preterite

- comí
- comiste
- comió
- comimos
- comisteis
- comieron

19

The nosotros endings for regular verbs are the same in the present and preterite. How can you figure out if a nosotros form refers to the past or the present?

Context clues

e.g. siempre (always) and ayer (yesterday)

20

We always cook paella on Sundays

Siempre cocinamos paella los domingos

21

Yesterday we cooked paella for my family

Ayer cocinamos paella para mi familia

22

Conjugate ser in the preterite

- Fui
- Fuiste
- Fue
- Fuimos
- Fuisteis
- Fueron

23

Conjugate ir in the preterite

- Fui
- Fuiste
- Fue
- Fuimos
- Fuisteis
- Fueron

24

Conjugate dar in the preterite

- Di
- Diste
- Dio
- Dimos
- Disteis
- Dieron

25

Conjugate ver in the preterite

- Vi
- Viste
- Vio
- Vimos
- Visteis
- Vieron

26

Which two verbs have the exact same forms in the preterite?

Ir and Ser

27

I bought a new car

Compré un coche nuevo

28

Ben and Cristina got married

Ben y Cristina se casaron

29

Roberto was born in Costa Rica

Roberto nació en Costa Rica

30

It began to snow

Empezó a nevar

31

The film ended with a surprise

La película terminó con una sorpresa

32

I got back last night at ten

Regresé anoche a las diez

33

He lived in Peru for three months

Vivió en Perú por tres meses

34

Leíste este libro el mes pasado

You read this book last month

35

Nacho nació el tres de agosto

Nacho was born on the third of August

36

What are the regular imperfect endings for -ar verbs?

- aba
- abas
- aba
- ábamos
- abais
- aban

37

What are the regular imperfect endings for -er / -ir verbs?

- ía
- ías
- ía
- íamos
- íais
- ían

38

What are the three verbs with irregular conjugations in the imperfect?

Ir
Ser
Ver

39

Conjugate ir in the imperfect

- Iba
- Ibas
- Iba
- Íbamos
- Ibais
- Iban

40

Conjugate ser in the imperfect

- Era
- Eras
- Era
- Éramos
- Erais
- Eran

41

Conjugate ver in the imperfect

- Veía
- Veías
- Veía
- Veíamos
- Veíais
- Veían

42

We used to eat lunch together everyday

Almorzábamos cada día

43

Every Saturday the ladies would go shopping

Todos los sábados las mujeres iban de compras

44

I was going to class when the telephone rang

Iba a clase cuando sonó el teléfono

45

My dad was cooking when I came in the house

Mi padre cocinaba cuando entré a casa

46

Sometimes her hands and feet ached

A veces le dolían las manos y las piernas

47

It was three o'clock in the afternoon

Eran las tres de la tarde

48

It was 9th of May

Era el 9 de mayo

49

The girl was four years old

La niña tenía cuatro años

50

The dogs were two years old when I adopted them

Los perros tenían dos años cuando los adopté

51

My professor was tall and had wavy hair

Mi profesor era alto y tenía el pelo ondulado

52

The countryside was beautiful

El campo era bello

53

It was hot that night

Hacía calor esa noche

54

I was happy with my new job

Me sentía feliz con mi trabajo nuevo

55

I wanted to move to another country

Quería mudarme a otro país