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Flashcards in Session 2 Deck (38):
1

How many chromosomes do males and females have? what are their sex cell?

23 chromosomes
male :XY
female:XX

2

what hormones are significant to male development

Androgen
testosterone

3

Mons Veneris

Fatty tissue that covers the joint of the pubic bones in front of the body

4

Labia Majora

Large folds of skin that run downwards from the mons along the sides of the vulva

5

Labia Minora

2 hairless, light coloured membrane that is located between the lips of the major lips

6

Clitoris

A female sex organ consisting of a shaft and glans located above the urethra opening

7

Prepuce of clitoris

the hood covering the clitoral shaft

8

Urethra opening

opening through which urine passes from the females body

9

Vaginal Opening

called the Introits. that surrounds the Hymen ( folding of tissue that covers the opening)

10

Pubo coccyges muscle

the muscle that encircles the entrance to the vagina

11

Kegel Exercises

Contract and release of the Pubo coccyges muscle to help with child birth

12

The Vagina

Extends back and forth from the vaginal opening. passage for menstrual flow and birth

13

The Cervix

the lower end of the uterus.
secretion of products that contribute to the chemical balance of the vagina

14

The Uterus

AKA Womb
-an organ in which a fertilized ovum implants and develops until birth

15

Endometrium

the innermost layer, richly supplied with blood vessels and glands. Shed off during mensuration

16

Endometriosis

Endometrial tissue may grow in the abdominal cavity or elsewhere in the reproductive system

17

Myometrium

the well muscled second layer of the uterus. endows the uterus with flexibility and strength, creating a powerful contraction

18

Perimetrium

the fibrous third or outermost layer, provides external cover

19

The fallopian tubes

the tube or duct that connects the ovary to the uterus

20

What are the 3 parts of the Fallopian tube? (ovary-> uterus)

Infundibulum (fimbrae)
Ampulla
Isthmus

21

Ovaries

where production of ovums occur and the sex hormones of estrogen and progesterone

22

Hysterectomy

Surgical removal of the uterus.

23

Breasts

contains mammary glands which produce milk.

24

The penis

male organ of sexual intercourse

25

corpus cavernosum

cylinder of spongy tissue in the penis that becomes congested with blood and stiffens furring sexual arousal

26

corpus spongiosum

the spongy body that runs along the bottom of the Penis, contains the penile urethra and enlarges at the tip

27

frenulum

the sensitive strip of tissue that connects the underside of the penile glans to the shaft

28

Scrotum

the pouch of loose skin that becomes lightly covered with pubic hair, consists of 2 compartments that hold each testes

29

Testes

Where production of sperm occur and secrete sex hormones such as testosterone and androgen.
Germ cells also develop here

30

Testosterone

secreted bu the interstitial cells and increases development of secondary sex characteristics

31

The vas deferens

a thin cylinder tube that stores mature sperm

32

Vasectomy

an operation in which the right and left deferens are severed

33

Seminal Vesicles

2 smal glands that lie behind the bladder and open into the ejaculatory ducts, where fluids are secreted and combined with sperm

34

The prostate gland

lies beneath the bladder. contains muscle fibres and glandular tissue that secrete prostate fluid (milky and alkaline)

35

Cowpers gland

lies beneath the prostate gland. empties their secretion into the urethra during sexual arousal

36

4 steps in the sexual response cycle

Excitement
Plateau
orgasm
resolution

37

Desire

the drive and interest level for sexual activity. testosterone is the key hormone for desire levels in both men and women

38

Excitement

increase