session 1 Flashcards Preview

Human Sexuality > session 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in session 1 Deck (48):
1

Sex

Genetic and physical characteristics that differentiate male and female.

2

Gender

psychosocial characteristics that differentiate masculinity and feminity.

3

Sexulaity

The psychological, social, cultural and spiritual aspect of an individual that make up his or her unique sexual being.

4

Dailey's 5 aspects of sexuality

1. Sensuality
2. Intimacy
3. Sexual Identity
4. Health Issues
5. Sexualization

5

Sensuality

The need and ability to be aware of and accepting of our own body.

6

Intimacy

The need and ability to experience emotional closeness to another being.

7

Sexual intimacy

Ability to give feedback and to be heard in sexual relationship

8

Sexual identity

Continual process fo discovering who we are in terms of our sexuality; one part of our total identity

9

6 Values, attitudes and behaviours related to reproduction

- Reproductive bias re-values and attitudes
- Renewal of life: morality issues
- Anatomy and physiology
- Lifestyle
- Contraception and fertility issues
- STI including AIDS

10

examples of reproductive bias regarding sexuality

- Being young
- Being heterosexual
- Married couples

11

5 ways sexuality influences, control or manipulate others.

- Style of dress, appearance, body language
- Advertising
- Movies/talks shows etc.
- Harassment and sexual assault.
- Paraphilia: voyeurism, exhibitionism, obscene calls, etc.

12

Values

The qualities in life that that are deemed important or unimportant, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable.

13

Moral Values

Related to our conduct with and treatment of other people, more than right or wrong.

Looks at the entire picture.

14

Sexual Moral Values

Related to the rightness and wrongness of sexual conduct and when and how sexuality should be expressed.

15

Sources of Sexual Value

Learned in different ways, at different rates, and with different results.

16

Prehistoric (Stone Age) perspective on sexuality

Female body was revered for reproductive ability.

Male role in reproduction, phallic worship began.
- penis being a symbol of
fertility and power

17

Ancient Hebrews perspective on sexuality

- Positive about marital reproductive sex.
- Disapproved homosexuality.
- Women were property of husbands

18

Ancient Greek perspective on sexuality

-Values family life. male sexual roles varies, eg. pederasty.
- admired male bodies and slim, sensual women.
- prostitution flourished. viewed men and women as bisexual.
-women under male dominance.

19

Ancient Romans perspective on sexuality

- Sexual excesses in upper classes
- Terminology of Latin roots
- male-male threat to family which was strength of society
- Women more involved socially but still property of husbands

20

Early Christians perspective on sexuality

- Sex being a distraction of God.
- Linked to original sin
- marital sex accepted, but not passion.
- behaviours non-procreative disapproval

21

Islams perspective on sexuality

- valued family and pleasure in marital sex
- punished pre-marital sex
- double social abd sexual standards for men and women

22

India's perspective on sexuality

- Ancient Hindus erotica
- Kama Sutra code of sexual conduct
- sex religious duty
- doctrine of karma: reincarnated more restrictive

23

China's perspective on sexuality

- sexually linked to spirituality
- scared duty
- first manual art of love making
- wasteful to "spill seed"
- women kept to domestic role

24

Middle age's perspective on sexuality

- church strong influence
- crusaders influenced change from women as sinful to revered.
- upper classes courtly love, chivalry and romance

25

Protestant Reformation perspective on sexuality

- Luther and Calvin split from R.C church
- Priest could marry
- pleasurable marital sex
- non-marital sex disapproved
- women mostly restrict to home until 19th century,

26

Victorian Period's perspective on sexuality

- sexually repressive on the surface.
- furniture legs covered but behaviours varied.
- Prostitution flourished but "proper" women believed not interested
- "sexual anaesthesia"
- mens vital fluids limited in amount ... Graham Crackers

27

Early 20th century's perspective on sexuality

- believed women did not desire sex
-individuals have double standards.
- Limited sexual scene in media.

28

Mid 60's - 70's perspective on sexuality

-Known as the sexual revolution
- science, politics, social(fashion, music and media) and economics all part of change

29

Late 20th Century's perspective on sexuality

- Has a Revers Pendulum Swing to a more Conservative attitude.
- there were open studies about sexuality, more sexually active teens, AID outbreaks, Access to birth control, liberation of women and education for sex.

30

Biological perspective on sexuality

-focuses on the mechanism of reproduction
- understanding the increase of anatomical and physiological function on sexuality and sexual dysfunction.

31

Sociological and anthropological perspective on sexuality

- Cross-Cultural
- learned behaviour unique to the particular culture
- kissing, higher rate of intercourse for young adults.
-incest taboo and some societal control
various attitudes towards same sex, masturbation, monogamy and polygamy

32

Cross-Cultural

- learned behaviour unique to the particular culture
- kissing, higher rate of intercourse for young adults.
-incest taboo and some societal control
various attitudes towards same sex, masturbation, monogamy and polygamy

33

Sociocultural

The study of sexual behaviours within a given society

34

Freud's psychoanalytic Theory

-Sexual instinct vs. Reason
-Defence mechanism
-development stages of psychoanalysis

35

Watson and Skinner's Learning Theory

-Behaviour determines reward or punishment

36

Social-Learning theory

- The effects of cognitive
activity through anticipating, planning, etc... as well as learning by observation.

37

Havelock Ellis's Sexual research

- studied the psychology of sex
- Found out that female sexual desire normal and homosexuality acceptable and inborn

-Positive Research

38

Richard von Krafft-Ebbing's Sexual research

-Was a psychopath Sexualis
- Viewed deviances as mental illnesses that should be treater
- Negative Research

39

Sigmund Freud's Sexual research

Austrian Physician theory of personality based on sex drive as our principle motivating force...
- Positive Research

40

Alfred Kinsey's Sexual research

- A zoologist who first performed a comprehensive survey 12,000 subject interview
- sexual behaviour in Human Males in 1948 and Human females in 1953
- Huge Positive research

41

William Masters & Virginia Johnson's Sexual research

-Observed ~700 subjects within their lab
- discovered the Human sexual response in 1966. made a similar one for the gay population
-discovered the 4 staged of a sexual response

42

Edward Laumann's Sex Research Survey

-constructed the national health and social life survey
-3432 subjects were interviewed
- included a variety of ethnic groups with limitations of asians, native and jewish.

43

Morton Hunt's Sex Research Survey

-created the playboy foundation survey

44

Shere Hite's Sex research Survey

Reports 3000 females and 7000 males results on questionnaire.\

45

Kinsley Institues sex research survey

reports on gays within 1978-1981.
- discovered over 900 openly gay subjects within San Fran

46

According to survey results, who most likely believes "sex is right when it feels right"?

Males or Females

Males

47

According to survey results, who most likely practices "sex is right when it feels right"

Males or Females

Males

48

What is the average age for people to experience their first mutual sexual practice

16-18yrs.