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What are the three purposes of religious education?

To promote:
Christian Faith
Faithfulness to Christian values
Faithful Christians who would live out elements of their faith in the world.


Journey of Christian Education Diagram

Pyramid with Christian at the top
Three small triangles filling the bottom half Greek, Judaic, Roman with double arrows pointing upward toward Christian.


What is the Jewish influence on Church History?

The centerpiece of Jewish influence is the SHEMA

Deuteronomy 6:4-9
Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one! You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength. And these words which I command you today shall be in your heart. You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rise up. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as front legs between your eyes. You shall write them on the door posts of your house and on your gates."


Where was the system of Jewish education centered?

In the home.


What did the family provide in Jewish homes?

Training in morals
Teaching religious knowledge
Understanding social obligations


Formalized Jewish Education

Synagogue school
Teachers here were elevated to a position of highest honor
Students sat at teachers feet
Learning was repetitious:
The Hallel (Psalm 113-118)
Creation story
Levitical Law
Reading of the Torah


Greek influence on education

Much like Jewish education
Organized schools
Importance of imitating the teacher
Promote active, imaginative, creative individuals


Four virtues of Greek education



What were the five levels of education?

Informal- in the home (ages 0-5)
Formal instruction (ages 6-18)
Military training (18-20)
Advanced Scientific study (20-30)
Dialectical method (30-35)
Successful in dialectical meant jobs (35-50)


How was the Roman influence different than Greek?

Romans sought to produce practical, concrete, managerial types.

Roman Education aided in developing the kind of leadership the church needed.


Discuss early Christian Education

Necessity of educating everyone.

Home was the main avenue of introducing children to faith.

Emphasis was however on Adults.


Who was he founder of the Sunday school movement?

Robert Raikes


First Sunday school movement

A tool for social reform

Literacy training

Teaching proper behavior through positive and consistent reinforcement.


First Sunday school ages



Other important influences on Early Christian Education

John of Constantinople: Writings on parenting Christian children

Augustine: one learns not merely by words but as God works with the learner. Argues that an effective teacher must know the topic, know the learner, vary method according to circumstances.

Martin Luther: translated&adapted Bible into German. Wrote many hymns. Greatest goal was for all to read the Bible.

John Wesley: ministry among the unlearned, poorer levels of English society. During his early years only 1 in 25 children attended any kind of school. Focused on basic education and essentials of hygiene and medicine. Education was not secondary to evangelism.


The Salvation Army stance on early education 😁

Education was part of Booths total social reform. This reform included: patience, honesty, teaching of a trade, evangelism, social work, and etiquette.


Life in Victorian England during Booths total reform

crowded cities, strengthening of class system, extreme living conditions, poor working condition.


Types of Creative Writing

Letter writing


Why is lesson planning important?

Teaching requires preparation.

Order and structure give meaning to information and ideas.

Teachers need to be disciplined.

Good teachers work hard preparing, teaching, and follow through.


What are the three domains of learning?

Cognitive: thinking&knowing(head)

Affective: values&attitudes(heart)

Behavioral: actions&skills (hands)


Common developmental characteristics of 7-8-9 year olds.

7 year olds: Social- may be moody, sulky, touchy. Prefer playing and working alone or with one friend. Need the security of rules.
Physical- can do quiet work for longer periods. Can get sick from worrying about tests or assignments. Often keep their eyes focused on small close area.
Cognitive- like to work slowly and finish what they start. Bothered by mistakes and try hard to perfect their work. Listen well and speak precisely.

8 year olds: Social- love group activities and cooperative work. Like to talk and explain ideas. Good sense of humor.
Physical- full of energy, play hard, work quickly, tire easily. May have a growth spurt. Limited attention span.
Cognitive- listen well but may not always remember. Getting good at handwriting, handcrafts, and drawing. Interested in rules, logic, and fairness.

9 year olds: Social- very competitive yet may form cliques. Complain a lot, criticize others and self. Like to work with same gender.
Physical- coordination is better, boys like to be rough. Like to push physical limits; get tired easily. Restless, can't sit still for long.
Cognitive- worry about world events, parents' health, friends school etc... less imaginative than 8 year olds. Want factual explanations. Enjoys scientific exploration.


What should you consider when planning for children's meetings/lessons?


Children need more than three meals a day.

Needs of kids vary based on age group.

Kids need exercise.

Make serious efforts to become educated in various cultures which you are working with.



Hook- grab attention, entice away from private thoughts to enter into learning.

Book- the lesson, clarifies the meaning of the studies. Can use various methods.

Look- going a step further, how does the lesson apply to our lives? Guide class to discovery. Give hypothetical situations.

Took- the word of God has no affect until it TAKES. Tool requires respond, change, making a plan.


What are the 7 steps of lesson planning

Objective: sentence or statement of what you hope your students will learn.

Materials: list of materials needed.

Set-up: how will the room be set up?

Warm-up: aka HOOK what will you do to grab attention?

Activity: book&look bible lesson and how you will teach it.

Assignments: what is it that they can apply to their daily life? Is there a specific task they can accomplish during the week?

Follow-up: how will you follow up with this later?