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Flashcards in Set5 Deck (200):
1

obstruct

【1】vt. to impede, retard, or interfere with; hinder; to create difficulty for the work or activity of【2】vt. to prevent passage through by filling with something

2

obtuse

【1】adj. not having or showing an ability to absorb ideas readily

3

obviate

【1】vt. to anticipate and prevent (as a situation) or make unnecessary (as an action)

4

occult

【1】adj. not easily apprehended or understood : abstruse, mysterious【2】v. to keep secret or shut off from viewveil, blot out, paper over

5

odium

【1】n. strong dislike, contempt, or aversion

6

offbeat

【1】adj. noticeably different from what is generally found or experienced

7

offhand

【1】adj. without premeditation or preparation

8

officious

【1】adj. thrusting oneself where one is not welcome or invited

9

offish

【1】adj. Inclined to be distant and reserved; aloof

10

off-key

【1】adj. being out of accord with what is considered normal or appropriate

11

ominous

【1】adj. of or being an omen, especially an evil one

12

omniscient

【1】adj. possessed of universal or complete knowledge

13

onerous

【1】adj. requiring much time, effort, or careful attention

14

opaque

【1】adj. impenetrable by light; neither transparent nor translucent【2】adj. so obscure as to be unintelligible

15

opine

【1】vt. to express opinions

16

opportune

【1】adj. suitable or convenient for a particular occurrence

17

opprobrious

【1】adj. expressing contemptuous reproach; scornful or abusive【2】adj. bringing disgrace; shameful or infamous

18

oration

【1】n. a speech delivered in a high-flown or pompous manner

19

ossify

【1】vi. to become hardened or conventional and opposed to change

20

oust

【1】vt. to remove from a position of prominence or power (as a throne)【2】v. to drive or force out

21

outlandish

【1】adj. strikingly out of the ordinary: bizarre

22

outmaneuver

【1】vt. to overcome (an opponent) by artful, clever maneuvering

23

outset

【1】n. beginning, start

24

outwit

【1】v. to surpass in cleverness or cunning; outsmart

25

overbearing

【2】adj. overwhelming in power or significance; predominant, coming before all others in importance

26

overt

【1】adj. open and observable; not hidden, concealed, or secret

27

overture

【1】n. an introductory section or part, as of a poem; a prelude【2】n. an instrumental composition intended especially as an introduction to an extended work, such as an opera or oratorio

28

oxymoron

【1】n. a combination of contradictory or incongruous words

29

pacify

【1】vt. to ease the anger or agitation of

30

padding

【1】n. the representation of something in terms that go beyond the factsstretching

31

paean

【1】n. a joyous song or hymn of praise, tribute, thanksgiving, or triumph

32

painstaking

【1】adj. taking pains: expending, showing, or involving diligent care and effort

33

palatable

【1】adj. giving pleasure or contentment to the mind or senses

34

palatial

【1】adj. of the nature of a palace, as in spaciousness or ornateness

35

pall

【1】vi. to lose in interest or attraction

36

palliate

【1】v. to make less severe or intense; mitigate

37

pallid

【1】adj. lacking in radiance or vitality; dull【2】adj. having an abnormally pale or wan complexion

38

palmy

【1】adj. marked by prosperity

39

palter

【1】vi. to act insincerely or deceitfully

40

paltry

【1】adj. lacking in importance or worth【2】adj. arousing or deserving of one's loathing and disgust

41

pan

【1】v./n. a harsh criticism

42

panache

【1】n. dash or flamboyance in style and action

43

pandemonium

【1】n. wild uproar or noise

44

panegyric

【1】n. a eulogistic oration or writing

45

panoramic

【1】adj. of an unobstructed or complete view of an area in every direction

46

parable

【1】n. a story intended to teach a basic truth or moral about life

47

paradigm

【1】n. one that serves as a pattern or model

48

paragon

【1】n. a model of excellence or perfection of a kind; a peerless example【2】vt. to compare with; parallel

49

paramount

【1】adj. of chief concern or importance

50

paranoid

【1】adj. exhibiting or characterized by extreme and irrational fear or distrust of others

51

parch

【1】vi. to make extremely dry, especially by exposure to heat

52

pariah

【1】n. one that is despised or rejected, outcast

53

parity

【1】n. the quality or state of being equal or equivalent

54

paroxysm

【1】n. a sudden outburst of emotion or action【2】n. a violent disturbance (as of the political or social order)

55

parrot

【1】vt. to repeat or imitate, especially without understanding

56

parsimonious

【1】n. frugal to the point of stinginess

57

partial

【1】adj. inclined to favor one party more than the other: biased【2】adj. lacking some necessary part

58

particularize

【1】vt. to go into or give details or particulars

59

pastiche

【1】n. a literary, artistic, musical, or architectural work that imitates the style of previous work, often with satirical intent【2】n. a pasticcio of incongruous parts; a hodgepodge

60

patent

【1】adj. readily visible or intelligible: obvious

61

pathological

【1】adj. being such to a degree that is extreme, excessive, or markedly abnormal

62

patina

【1】n. a superficial covering or exterior【2】n. an appearance or aura that is derived from association, habit, or established character

63

patrician

【1】n. a man or woman of high birth or social position【2】adj. of high birth, rank, or station

64

patronize

【1】vt. provide aid or support for【2】v. to adopt an air of condescension toward : treat haughtily or coolly

65

paunchy

【1】adj. having a potbelly

66

peck

【1】n. a considerable amount【2】v. to eat reluctantly and in small bites

67

pedagogue

【1】n. a person whose occupation is to give formal instruction in a school

68

pedant

【1】n. one who pays undue attention to book learning and formal rules

69

predestine

【1】vt. to determine the fate of in advance

70

pedestrian

【2】adj. causing weariness, restlessness, or lack of interest

71

peeve

【1】vt. to disturb the peace of mind of (someone) especially by repeated disagreeable acts

72

pejorative

【1】adj. disparaging; belittling

73

pellucid

【1】adj. admitting the passage of light【2】adj. transparently clear in style or meaning

74

pen

【1】n. a place of confinement for persons held in lawful custody【2】v. to close or shut in by or as if by barriers

75

penitent

【1】adj. feeling or expressing humble or regretful pain or sorrow for sins or offenses

76

pensive

【1】adj. given to or marked by long, quiet and often musingly sad thinking

77

penury

【1】n. extreme dearth; barrenness or insufficiency【2】n. extreme and often niggardly frugality

78

perambulate

【1】v. to travel over or through especially on foot for exercise or pleasure

79

peremptory

【1】adj. not allowing contradiction or refusal; imperative【2】adj. fond of ordering people around【3】adj. having a feeling of superiority that shows itself in an overbearing attitude

80

perfervid

【1】adj. marked by overwrought or exaggerated emotion: excessively fervent

81

perfidy

【1】n. an act or an instance of disloyalty

82

perforate

【1】v. to make a hole through

83

perfunctory

【1】adj. characterized by routine or superficiality and often done merely as a duty【2】adj. lacking in interest or enthusiasm

84

peripatetic

【1】adj. walking about or from place to place

85

peripheral

【1】adj. related to, located in, or constituting an outer boundary or periphery【2】adj. available to supply something extra when needed

86

pernicious

【1】adj. highly injurious or destructive

87

peroration

【1】n. the concluding part of a discourse and especially an oration【2】n. a usually formal discourse delivered to an audience

88

persecute

【1】vt. to cause persistent suffering to

89

persiflage

【1】n. good-natured teasing or exchanging of clever remarks

90

persistence

【1】n. uninterrupted or lasting existence

91

personable

【1】adj. pleasing in personality or appearance; attractive

92

perspicacious

【1】adj. having or showing penetrating mental discernment; clear-sighted

93

perspicuity

【1】n. the quality of being perspicuous; clearness and lucidity

94

pertinacious

【1】adj. sticking to an opinion, purpose, or course of action in spite of reason, arguments, or persuasion

95

perturb

【1】vt. to trouble the mind of; to make uneasy

96

peruse

【1】v. to read or examine, typically with great care

97

pervade

【1】vt. to be present throughout; permeate

98

pessimistic

【1】adj. tending to stress the negative or unfavorable or to take the gloomiest possible view

99

petrify

【1】v. to cause to become stiff or stone-like; deaden

100

petty

【1】adj. of small importance; trivial

101

philanthropic

【1】adj. having or showing a concern for the welfare of others

102

philistine

【1】n. a person who is guided by materialism and is usuallydisdainful of intellectual or artistic values

103

phlegmatic

【1】adj. having or suggesting a calm, sluggish temperament; unemotional

104

piddling

【1】adj. so trifling or trivial as to be beneath one's consideration

105

piebald

【1】adj. of different colors【2】adj. consisting of many things of different sorts

106

pigment

【1】n. a substance that imparts black or white or a color to other materials【2】vt. to color with or as if with pigment

107

pilfer

【1】v. to steal stealthily in small amounts

108

pillar

【1】n. a firm upright support for a superstructure【2】n. something or someone to which one looks for support

109

pillory

【1】vt. to expose to public contempt, ridicule, or scorn

110

pilot

【1】n. one employed to steer a ship【2】adj. serving as a tentative model for future experiment or development【3】vt. lead or conduct over a usually difficult course

111

pine

【1】vi. to yearn intensely and persistently especially for something unattainable【2】vi. to lose vigor, health, or flesh (as through grief)

112

pinnacle

【1】n. the highest point of development or achievement

113

pinpoint

【1】adj. located, fixed, or directed with extreme precision【2】v. to locate, fix, determine, or identify with precision

114

piquant

【1】adj. pleasantly pungent or tart in taste【2】adj. appealingly provocative

115

pique

【1】vt. to arouse anger or resentment in【2】vt. to excite or arouse especially by a provocation, challenge, or rebuff

116

pirate

【1】vt. to take or make use of under a guise of authority but without actual right【2】n. a robber on the high seas

117

pithy

【1】adj. precisely meaningful; forceful and brief

118

pitiless

【1】adj. devoid of or unmoved by pity

119

pittance

【1】n. a small portion, amount, or allowance

120

placebo

【1】n. something of no intrinsic remedial value that is used to appease or reassure another

121

plagiarize

【1】v. to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own

122

plangent

【1】adj. having a loud reverberating sound【2】adj. having an expressive and especially plaintive quality

123

plastic

【1】adj. susceptible of being modified in form or nature【2】adj. lacking in natural or spontaneous quality

124

plateau

【1】n. a usually extensive level land area raised sharply above adjacent land on at least one side【2】n. a relatively stable level, period, or state

125

platitude

【1】n. a trite or banal remark or statement, especially one expressed as if it were original or significant【2】n. lack of originality

126

plausible

【1】adj. superficially fair, reasonable, or valuable but often specious

127

pleat

【1】n./vt. fold

128

plentitude

【1】n. an ample amount or quantity; an abundance

129

plethora

【1】n. excess, superfluity

130

pliable

【1】adj. supple enough to bend freely or repeatedly without breaking【2】adj. easily influenced, persuaded, or swayed

131

pliant

【1】adj. easily bent or flexed【2】adj. yielding readily to influence or domination

132

plight

【1】n. a situation, especially a bad or unfortunate one

133

plod

【】v. to walk heavily or slowly

134

pluck

【1】n. resourceful courage and daring in the face of difficulties【2】v. to sound (the strings of an instrument) by pulling and releasing them with the fingersor a plectrum

135

plumb

【1】vt. to measure the depth of (as a body of water) typically with a weighted line【2】adj. exactly vertical【3】adj. having no exceptions or restrictions【4】v. to examine closely or deeply

136

plummet

【1】v. to decline suddenly and steeply

137

plump

【1】adj. well-rounded and full in form【2】vi. to give full support or praise

138

plunge

【1】vi. to descend or dip suddenly【2】vt. to cause to penetrate or enter quickly and forcibly into something

139

polished

【1】adj. showing a high degree of refinement and the assurance that comes from wide social experience【2】adj. having a shiny surface or finish

140

polemic

【1】n. a controversial argument

141

politic

【1】adj. characterized by shrewdness in managing, contriving, or dealing【2】adj. suitable for bringing about a desired result under the circumstances

142

ponderable

【1】adj. considerable enough to be weighed or assessed

143

ponderous

【1】adj. of very great weight【2】adj. oppressively or unpleasantly dull

144

pontificate

【1】vi. to speak or express opinions in a pompous or dogmatic way

145

pore

【1】vi. to read or study attentively(usually used with over)

146

porous

【1】adj. admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices

147

portentous

【1】adj. being or showing a sign of evil or calamity to come【2】adj. eliciting amazement or wonder

148

poseur

【1】n. an affected or insincere person

149

posit

【1】vt. to assume or affirm the existence of

150

postulate

【1】n. something taken as being true or factual and used as a starting point for a course of action or reasoning【2】v. to assume or claim as true, existent, or necessary

151

potable

【1】n. a beverage, especially an alcoholic beverage【2】adj. suitable for drinking

152

potentate

【1】n. one who has the power and position to rule over others

153

potentiate

【1】vt. to make effective or active, or more effective or more active

154

pout

【1】vi. to show displeasure, especially by thrusting out the lips or wearing a sullen expression

155

practitioner

【1】n. one who practices a profession

156

prairie

【1】n. an extensive area of flat or rolling, predominantly treeless grassland

157

prate

【1】vi. to talk long and idly

158

preach

【1】vi. to deliver a sermon

159

precarious

【1】adj. dangerously lacking in security or stability【2】adj. dependent on uncertain premises

160

precedent

【1】n. an earlier occurrence of something similarprecedent 【2】adj. prior in time, order, arrangement, or significance

161

precipice

【1】n. a very steep or overhanging place

162

precipitate

【1】adj. acting or done with excessive or careless speed【2】vt. to cause to happen, especially suddenly or prematurely

163

precipitation

【1】n. something precipitated as a deposit on the earth of hail, mist, rain, sleet, or snow【2】n. excited and often showy or disorderly speed

164

precipitous

【1】adj. very steep, perpendicular, or overhanging in rise or fall【2】adj. acting or done with excessive or careless speed

165

preclude

【1】vt. to make impossible, as by action taken in advance【2】vt. to exclude or prevent (someone) from a given condition or activity

166

predecessor

【1】n. a person who has previously occupied a position or office to which another has succeeded

167

predilection

【1】n. a partiality or disposition in favor of something

168

preeminent

【1】adj. having paramount rank, dignity, or importance

169

preempt

【1】vt. to appropriate, seize, or take for oneself before others【2】v. to replace with something considered to be of greater value or priority: take precedence over

170

preen

【1】vt. to smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak or bill【2】vt. to dress or groom (oneself) with elaborate care【3】vt. to take pride or satisfaction in (oneself)

171

premeditate

【1】vi. to think, consider, or deliberate beforehand

172

preoccupation

【1】n. extreme or excessive concern with something

173

preponderant

【1】adj. having superior weight, force, importance, or influence

174

prepossessing

【1】adj. serving to impress favorably

175

preposterous

【1】adj. contrary to nature, reason, or common sense

176

presage

【1】n. something believed to be a sign or warning of a future event【2】vt. to foretell or predict

177

prescience

【1】n. knowledge of actions or events before they occur

178

pretense

【1】n. the act of pretending; a false appearance or action intended to deceive【2】n. an exaggerated sense of one's importance that shows itself in the making ofexcessive or unjustified claims

179

preternatural

【1】adj. surpassing the normal or usual

180

prevail

【1】vi. to be greater in strength or influence

181

prevalent

【1】adj. widely or commonly occurring, existing, accepted, or practiced

182

primordial

【1】adj. being or happening first in sequence of time

183

primp

【1】v. to dress, adorn, or arrange in a careful or finicky manner

184

privation

【1】n. lack of what is needed for existence

185

probe

【1】v./n. a penetrating or critical investigation

186

probity

【1】n. faithfulness to high moral standards

187

proclivity

【1】n. a natural propensity or inclination; predisposition

188

procure

【1】vt. to get possession of

189

prod

【1】vt. to try to persuade (someone) through earnest appeals to follow a course of action

190

prodigal

【1】adj. recklessly spendthrift【2】n. someone who spends money freely or foolishly

191

prodigious

【1】adj. impressively great in size, force, or extent; enormous【2】adj. causing wonder or astonishment

192

profane

【1】v. to treat (something sacred) with abuse, irreverence, or contempt【2】v. to put to a bad or improper use

193

profligate

【1】adj./n. recklessly wasteful; wildly extravagant【2】n. someone who spends money freely or foolishly【3】n. a person who has sunk below the normal moral standard

194

profundity

【1】n. something profound or abstruse

195

profusion

【1】n. the state of being profuse; abundance【2】n. the quality or fact of being free or wasteful in the expenditure of money

196

prolix

【1】adj. tending to speak or write at excessive length

197

prolong

【1】vt. to lengthen in extent, scope, or range

198

promulgate

【1】vt. to make known openly or publicly

199

propagate

【1】v. to cause to continue or increase by sexual or asexual reproduction【2】vt. to cause to spread out and affect a greater number or greater area: extend

200

propensity

【1】n. an often intense natural inclination or preference