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Flashcards in SETTLEMENT DEFINITIONS Deck (31)
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1

What is meant by the term site?

The physical land on which the settlement is built

2

What is meant by the term situation?

The location of the settlement in relation to the surrounding area.

3

What is meant by the term bridging point?

A settlement located where a river is forded or bridged

4

What is meant by the term route focus?

This is where many roads or railways converge.

5

What is meant by the term wet-point site ?

The site of a settlement close to a water supply.

6

What is meant by the term dry-point site?

The site of a settlement which avoids land prone to flooding.

7

What is meant by the term Isolated settlement?

Individual farm houses separated and surrounded by fields and woodland.

8

What is meant by the term dispersed settlement?

Small settlements (farms and hamlets) dotted around the countryside.

9

What is meant by the term nucleated settlement?

Houses, farms and buildings grouped together in villages.

10

What is meant by the term linear settlement

Houses and buildings located along a road, river or canal; common in steep-sided narrow valleys.

11

What is meant by the term T-shaped or y-shaped settlement?

A settlement that is found at a road junction.

11

What is meant by the term double village?

A settlement which has developed either side of a ford or bridging point.

12

What is meant by the term settlement function?

The function of a settlement is its purpose why it's there and the work that it does

13

What is meant by the term mining town?

Mining employs 20% of the workers in the town.

14

What is meant by the term commercial town?

Where the commerce and finance sectors form the largest single group employing over 10% of workers.

15

What is meant by the terms dormitory or commuter settlement?

A settlement which has expanded with the addition of a new housing estate.

16

What is meant by the term settlement hierarchy?

Arrangement of settlements in an order of importance.

17

What is meant by the term sphere of influence?

The area served by a particular settlement.

18

What is meant by the term threshold population?

The minimum number of people needed to sustain a good or service.

19

What is meant by the term range ?

The maximum distance people will travel to obtain a good or service.

20

What is meant by the term urban sprawl?

The expansion of the city into its surrounding rural area.

21

What is meant by the term urbanisation?

The process by which the population of towns and cities are growing at a faster rate compared to the surrounding rural area.

22

What is meant by the term conurbation?

When a city expands and takes over villages around it.

23

What is meant by the term push factors?

Something that discourages a person from living in a place and makes them want to leave.

24

What is meant by the term pull factors?

Something that attracts a person to live in a place.

24

What is meant by the term rural depopulation?

A decline in the population of a rural area because people are moving away.

25

What is meant by the term rural-urban migration?

When people move from the countryside to town.

26

What is meant by the term millionaire city?

A large city with a population of over 1 million.

27

What is meant by the term mega city?

A very large city with a population of over 10 million inhabitants.

28

What is meant by the term core?

Where the highest land costs are in the centre of the CBD.